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    长岭断陷龙凤山地区断裂与油气运聚的关系

    范婕 蒋有录 刘景东 朱建峰 陈杏霞

    范婕, 蒋有录, 刘景东, 朱建峰, 陈杏霞, 2017. 长岭断陷龙凤山地区断裂与油气运聚的关系. 地球科学, 42(10): 1817-1829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.568
    引用本文: 范婕, 蒋有录, 刘景东, 朱建峰, 陈杏霞, 2017. 长岭断陷龙凤山地区断裂与油气运聚的关系. 地球科学, 42(10): 1817-1829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.568
    Fan Jie, Jiang Youlu, Liu Jingdong, Zhu Jianfeng, Chen Xingxia, 2017. Relationship of Fault with Hydrocarbon Migration and Accumulation in Longfengshan Area, Changling Faulted Depression. Earth Science, 42(10): 1817-1829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.568
    Citation: Fan Jie, Jiang Youlu, Liu Jingdong, Zhu Jianfeng, Chen Xingxia, 2017. Relationship of Fault with Hydrocarbon Migration and Accumulation in Longfengshan Area, Changling Faulted Depression. Earth Science, 42(10): 1817-1829. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.568

    长岭断陷龙凤山地区断裂与油气运聚的关系

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.568
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41372132

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      范婕(1991-),女,博士研究生,主要从事油气成藏机理与分布规律方面的研究工作

      通讯作者:

      蒋有录

    • 中图分类号: P618

    Relationship of Fault with Hydrocarbon Migration and Accumulation in Longfengshan Area, Changling Faulted Depression

    • 摘要: 长岭断陷龙凤山地区具有“下生上储、他源成藏”特征,明确断裂与油气运聚的关系对指导其油气勘探具有重要意义.在分析断裂静态特征的基础上,分别定量评价断裂的活动性、封闭性以及断-盖配置关系,并提出了评价断-盖配置有效性的“SGR下限”法(SGR全称是Shale Gouge Ratio),结合油气藏静态分布特征,探讨了断裂对油气差异聚集的控制作用.研究结果表明,第1期油气成藏早中期,断裂可大规模输导油气;第1期晚期及第2期油气成藏时,主干反向断裂形成的封闭“走廊”空间为油气提供聚集场所.应用“SGR下限”法,认为营Ⅲ砂组断-盖配置关系较好,为油气提供良好的保存条件.断裂控烃作用体现在3个方面,断裂的活动性控制了油气不同时期的垂向运移规模,断裂的封闭差异性控制了油气富集程度,断-盖配置关系控制了油气的富集层系.

       

    • 图  1  龙凤山地区区域构造图顶(K1yc)及地层综合柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Regional structural map (the top of K1yc) and strata histogram of Longfengshan area

      图  2  龙凤山地区各时期断层活动速率直方图

      Fig.  2.  The histogram of fault active rate in different stages in Longfengshan area

      图  3  不同构造带断裂活动期与成藏期匹配图

      Fig.  3.  The configuration of accumulation period and fault active stage in different structural belts

      图  4  第1期油气成藏时断裂类型分布图(K1yc3顶)

      Fig.  4.  The distribution of different type faults in the first period of hydrocarbon accumulation in Longfengshan area (top of K1yc3)

      图  5  断裂泥岩涂抹特征图

      Fig.  5.  Clay smear characteristics section of faults

      图  6  F5断裂不同部位泥岩涂抹特征图

      Fig.  6.  Clay smear oharacteristics in different positions of F5 fault

      图  7  F4断裂面Allan图

      Fig.  7.  F4 fault plane Allan figure

      图  8  平行F4断裂下降盘波阻抗反演剖面(剖面M)及其上升盘油气藏剖面(剖面N)对比

      Fig.  8.  Comparison of wave impedance inversion section (Section M) of downthrown side and hydrocarbon accumulation section (Section N) of uplifted side paralleled to F4 fault

      图  9  F10断层封闭性及其与油气的关系

      Fig.  9.  F10 fault sealing characteristic and its relationship with hydrocarbon distribution

      图  10  龙凤山地区营Ⅲ砂组断-盖配置评价测点位置

      Fig.  10.  Measure point location for assessing fault-caprock configuration in K1yc3 Formation in Longfengshan area

      图  11  龙凤山地区地层岩石排替压力与其埋深、泥质含量乘积之间的关系

      Fig.  11.  Relation among displacement pressure and product of buried depth and mudstone content in Longfengshan area

      表  1  龙凤山地区断层岩与储层排替压力计算参数

      Table  1.   The current calculation parameters for fault rock and reservoir displacement pressure in Longfengshan area





      (m)
      储层泥
      质含量
      (%)
      储层排
      替压力
      (MPa)
      断层成
      岩时间
      (Ma)
      围岩成
      岩时间
      (Ma)
      cosθ SGR 断层成
      岩深度
      (m)
      断层岩排
      替压力
      (MPa)
      排替压
      力差
      (MPa)
      断-盖配置有
      效性的SGR
      下限值
      最大油
      柱高度
      (m)
      F4 1 2 826 12.2 0.729 106.125 113.64 0.813 0.46 1 294.013 0.961 0.231 0.266 118.05
      2 2 675 13.7 0.747 105.4 113.64 0.800 0.45 1 196.833 0.903 0.156 0.306 79.44
      3 2 560 13.8 0.736 106.125 113.64 0.782 0.47 1 128.149 0.894 0.158 0.313 80.72
      4 2 496 12.5 0.704 108 113.64 0.595 0.54 851.196 0.828 0.124 0.367 63.30
      5 2 240 12.5 0.679 105.4 113.64 0.554 0.49 694.717 0.726 0.047 0.403 23.81
      F5 6 2 975 9.3 0.677 106.125 113.64 0.831 0.56 1 392.57 1.177 0.500 0.199 255.28
      7 2 810 13.6 0.760 106.125 113.64 0.940 0.42 1 487.154 0.992 0.232 0.257 118.52
      8 2 700 13.6 0.748 102.5 113.64 0.890 0.48 1 307.329 0.995 0.247 0.281 126.47
      9 2 550 14.5 0.750 108 113.64 0.826 0.52 1 207.737 0.996 0.246 0.306 125.68
      F2 10 2 000 16.6 0.719 106.125 113.64 0.893 0.67 1 005.997 1.048 0.219 0.330 111.62
      F9 11 3 000 8.9 0.670 105.4 113.64 0.554 0.52 930.425 0.850 0.180 0.287 92.02
      F10 12 3 500 13.1 0.857 99 113.64 0.558 0.58 1 026.271 0.961 0.134 0.447 68.46
      F15 13 3 950 14.4 0.897 105.4 113.64 0.605 0.40 1 252.498 0.866 -0.031 0.425 /
      F19 14 3 700 16.9 1.040 108 113.64 0.447 0.53 1 012.087 0.901 -0.140 0.660 /
      F11 15 2 388 15.8 0.756 103.95 113.64 0.750 0.38 988.171 0.754 -0.002 0.382 /
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2017-07-03
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