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    独居石成因矿物学特征及其对U-Th-Pb年龄解释的制约

    梁晓 徐亚军 訾建威 张航川 杜远生

    梁晓, 徐亚军, 訾建威, 张航川, 杜远生, 2022. 独居石成因矿物学特征及其对U-Th-Pb年龄解释的制约. 地球科学, 47(4): 1383-1398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.157
    引用本文: 梁晓, 徐亚军, 訾建威, 张航川, 杜远生, 2022. 独居石成因矿物学特征及其对U-Th-Pb年龄解释的制约. 地球科学, 47(4): 1383-1398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.157
    Liang Xiao, Xu Yajun, Zi Jianwei, Zhang Hangchuan, Du Yuansheng, 2022. Genetic Mineralogy of Monazite and Constraints on Interpretation of U-Th-Pb Ages. Earth Science, 47(4): 1383-1398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.157
    Citation: Liang Xiao, Xu Yajun, Zi Jianwei, Zhang Hangchuan, Du Yuansheng, 2022. Genetic Mineralogy of Monazite and Constraints on Interpretation of U-Th-Pb Ages. Earth Science, 47(4): 1383-1398. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.157

    独居石成因矿物学特征及其对U-Th-Pb年龄解释的制约

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2021.157
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 42172126

    国家自然科学基金项目 41772106

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      梁晓(1997-),女,构造地质学专业硕士生,主要从事大地构造学的研究工作.ORCID:0000-0003-0565-7485. E-mail:liangx0710@163.com

      通讯作者:

      徐亚军,ORCID: 0000-0002-2487-6272. E-mail:xuyajun19@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P571

    Genetic Mineralogy of Monazite and Constraints on Interpretation of U-Th-Pb Ages

    • 摘要: 独居石U-Pb定年在岩浆活动、变质作用和沉积作用等方面发挥着日益重要的作用,但是由于独居石成因复杂,因此从成因矿物学角度对不同成因独居石的特征进行总结将有助于解释独居石年代学数据.总结了不同成因独居石的矿物共生关系和组构特征、外部形貌-内部结构、化学元素特征,依托Th、U、Y、Ca、Pb、REE含量及其比值关系进行化学组成特点分析.结果表明:岩浆独居石边缘平直、有棱角或港湾状,存在振荡环带、扇形分区和均一的内部结构,常作为包裹体存在于长石、石英内.变质独居石分为高级变质独居石和低级变质独居石.高级变质独居石边缘平整,存在均一状、同心环状、补丁状和交叉状的内部结构,常与变质矿物(如石榴子石)共生.低级变质独居石颗粒分散,含有丰富的包裹体,常见骨架状结构.热液独居石分为两种类型,一种晶形较小(< 50 μm),呈团簇状多颗粒集合体形态存在,另一种颗粒致密,存在振荡环带、扇形分区的内部结构.从化学组成来说,由于富含轻稀土,独居石的稀土元素配分型式整体为右倾型.岩浆独居石具有最为强烈的Eu负异常,Th、U、Pb、Y、HREE含量相对较高;高级变质独居石存在明显的Eu负异常,Th、U含量高,HREE的含量和Y元素含量与其共生矿物相关;低级变质独居石的Eu负异常不明显,Th、U含量低.热液独居石的Eu负异常较弱,U含量极低,Th/U比值高.

       

    • 图  1  岩浆独居石内部结构BSE图像及X-ray图像

      a.环状振荡环带BSE图像;b.板状振荡环带BSE图像;c.扇形分区BSE图像;d.无分区BSE图像;e.环状振荡环带X-ray图像;f.板状振荡环带BSE图像;g.扇形分区X-ray图像;h.无分区X-ray图像. 数据来源:图a,c据Crowley et al.(2008);图b,f据Itano et al.(2018);图d据Zi et al.(2019);图e,g据Williams et al.(2007);图h据Moecher et al.(2019)

      Fig.  1.  BSE and X-ray images of the internal structure of magmatic monazite

      图  2  高级变质独居石内部结构BSE图像及X-ray图像

      a.同心环状分区BSE图像;b.交叉状分区BSE图像;c.补丁状分区BSE图像;d.无分区BSE图像;e.同心环状分区X-ray图像;f.交叉状分区X-ray图像;g.补丁状分区X-ray图像;h.无分区X-ray图像. 数据来源:图a,e据Foster et al.(2002);图b,f据Williams et al.(2007);图g据Williams et al.(2007);图c,d,h据Zotto et al.(2020)

      Fig.  2.  BSE and X-ray images of internal structures of high-grade metamorphic monazite

      图  3  低级变质独居石内部结构BSE图像及X-ray图像

      a.骨架状结构独居石BSE图像;b.骨架状结构独居石X-ray图像;c.碎屑独居石核-骨架状独居石边BSE图像;d.碎屑独居石核-骨架状独居石边X-ray图像. 数据来源:图a,b据Moecher et al.(2019);图c,d据Mahan et al.(2010)

      Fig.  3.  BSE and X-ray images of the internal structure of low-grade metamorphic monazite

      图  4  热液独居石的BSE图像

      a.分散分布的热液独居石,颗粒小;b.团簇状分布的热液独居石,由几十颗独居石聚集分布;c.放射状分布的热液独居石;d.含有振荡环带的热液独居石颗粒BSE图像;e.扇形分区结构的热液独居石BSE图像. 数据来源:图a据Rasmussen et al.(2006a);图b,c据Poujol et al.(2010);图d据Kempe et al.(2008);图e据Bergemann et al.(2020)

      Fig.  4.  BSE images of hydrothermal monazite

      图  5  独居石稀土元素配分曲线

      a.岩浆独居石稀土元素配分曲线(Itano et al., 2018);b.高级变质独居石稀土元素配分曲线(Wang et al., 2017Xu et al., 2019);c.低级变质独居石稀土元素配分曲线(Alipour-Asll et al., 2012);d.热液独居石稀土元素配分曲线(Bergemann et al., 2017

      Fig.  5.  Monazite rare earth element patterns

      图  6  各成因类型独居石Pb、Th、U、Y、[Eu/Eu*]N、Th/U、[La/Gd]N、[Gd/Lu]N各项一元指标箱体对比

      数据来源于Baldwin et al.(2006)Rasmussen et al.(2006a, 2007a);Rasmussen and Muhling(2007b)Rubatto et al.(2006)Buick et al.(2006, 2010);Chatterjee et al.(2007)Krenn and Finger(2007)Carosi et al.(2008)Crowley et al.(2008)Iizuka et al.(2010)Orejana et al.(2012)Janots et al.(2012)Holder et al.(2015)Štípská et al.(2015)Bergemann et al.(2017)Fisher et al.(2017)MacDonald et al.(2017)Wang et al.(2017)Itano et al.(2018)Xu et al.(2019)Zi et al.(2019)Deng et al.(2020);详细信息请见附表1

      Fig.  6.  Box diagrams of Pb, Th, U and Y contents and [Eu/Eu*]N, Th/U, [La/Gd]N and [Gd/Lu]N ratios by different types of monazite

      图  7  各类型独居石化学元素二元关系

      [a.[Eu/Eu*]N-Th/U;b.[Eu/Eu*]N-Y;c.[Eu/Eu*]N-[Gd/Lu]N;d.Y-[Gd/Lu]N;e.Th-Pb;f.Ca-Pb. 数据来源同图 6]

      Fig.  7.  Relationships of chemical elements for different types of monazite

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