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    干热岩地热能研究与开发的若干重大问题

    李德威 王焰新

    李德威, 王焰新, 2015. 干热岩地热能研究与开发的若干重大问题. 地球科学, 40(11): 1858-1869. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.166
    引用本文: 李德威, 王焰新, 2015. 干热岩地热能研究与开发的若干重大问题. 地球科学, 40(11): 1858-1869. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.166
    Li Dewei, Wang Yanxin, 2015. Major Issues of Research and Development of Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy. Earth Science, 40(11): 1858-1869. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.166
    Citation: Li Dewei, Wang Yanxin, 2015. Major Issues of Research and Development of Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy. Earth Science, 40(11): 1858-1869. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.166

    干热岩地热能研究与开发的若干重大问题

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.166
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 1212011121246

    中国地质调查局项目 1212011220400

    国家自然科学基金项目 41172188

    油气资源与探测国家重点实验室开放基金项目 KFKT2010-5

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李德威(1962-), 男, 教授, 主要从事构造地质学、大地构造学及其在能源、灾害中的应用研究.E-mail: dewei89@sina.com

    • 中图分类号: P51

    Major Issues of Research and Development of Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy

    • 摘要: 在大陆动力学和地球系统动力学创新思想指导下, 干热岩地热能的开发将对未来的能源革命和工业革命起到关键的作用, 然而目前干热岩地质理论研究十分薄弱.从地质学和经济学的角度讨论干热岩的定义; 以大陆盆山热构造系统为基础, 提出地热能综合分类方案; 根据岩石流变学和构造物理学理论, 探讨在固态、半固态流变环境下干热岩的构造岩石系统; 在活动盆山构造系统地壳四维非均匀流变思想指导下, 探讨干热岩的分布规律和形成机理; 提出将地球系统动力学的思想贯穿到干热岩及其关联的资源、灾害、环境、工程地质的调查研究与应用的各个环节之中, 并建议在华北、青藏高原及其邻区、东南沿海、台湾4种不同类型的热构造活动区进行联合勘查、综合评价与系统开发.

       

    • 图  1  大陆活动盆山系统地热能综合分类示意

      Fig.  1.  Schematic comprehensive classification of geothermal energy in active continental basin-orogen system

      图  2  我国发展干热岩地热能理论与应用技术路线

      Fig.  2.  Technical road sketch for theoretical and applied studies of hot dry rock geothermal energy in China

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