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    南海北部古近纪沉积物碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄及物源演化

    崔宇驰 曹立成 乔培军 陈淑慧 庞雄 邵磊

    崔宇驰, 曹立成, 乔培军, 陈淑慧, 庞雄, 邵磊, 2018. 南海北部古近纪沉积物碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄及物源演化. 地球科学, 43(11): 4169-4179. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.594
    引用本文: 崔宇驰, 曹立成, 乔培军, 陈淑慧, 庞雄, 邵磊, 2018. 南海北部古近纪沉积物碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄及物源演化. 地球科学, 43(11): 4169-4179. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.594
    Cui Yuchi, Cao Licheng, Qiao Peijun, Chen Shuhui, Pang Xiong, Shao Lei, 2018. Provenance Evolution of Paleogene Sequence (Northern South China Sea) Based on Detrital Zircon U-Pb Dating Analysis. Earth Science, 43(11): 4169-4179. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.594
    Citation: Cui Yuchi, Cao Licheng, Qiao Peijun, Chen Shuhui, Pang Xiong, Shao Lei, 2018. Provenance Evolution of Paleogene Sequence (Northern South China Sea) Based on Detrital Zircon U-Pb Dating Analysis. Earth Science, 43(11): 4169-4179. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.594

    南海北部古近纪沉积物碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄及物源演化

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.594
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 91128207

    国家自然科学基金项目 41576059

    国家科技重大专项项目 2011ZX05025-006-02

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      崔宇驰(1991-), 女, 硕士, 主要从事沉积学和地球化学研究

      通讯作者:

      曹立成

    • 中图分类号: P67

    Provenance Evolution of Paleogene Sequence (Northern South China Sea) Based on Detrital Zircon U-Pb Dating Analysis

    • 摘要: 长期以来,由于地质资料的限制,有关南海早期裂陷过程中的沉积演化问题一直缺乏相对深入的认识与了解.采用碎屑锆石U-Pb定年方法,对南海北部古近纪沉积物进行"源-汇"对比分析.结果表明,该时期南海北部不仅接受来自北部河流搬运的陆源碎屑物质,同时还受到盆地内部局部隆升区物源的影响.其中,始新世沉积物以下白垩统物源为主,至早渐新世,琼东南盆地接受了来自海南岛及西沙隆起带的沉积物,珠江口盆地珠一坳陷同时期的锆石磨圆度较高,年龄谱系同华南沿海地区一致,说明很可能接受了来自华南沿海地区的陆源物质;而处于盆地南侧的白云凹陷同时期存在自形程度极高的锆石,反映其物源极可能为盆地内近源的局部隆起区.到晚渐新世荔湾凹陷沉积物中开始出现较多元古代锆石,与其北部同时期沉积物明显不同,琼东南盆地N6井也开始出现较多元古代锆石,其物源可能与南海西侧隆起有关.资料显示,在古近纪,现代意义上的珠江并未形成,其在早渐新世仅影响到珠一坳陷,到晚渐新世影响到珠二坳陷北侧.因此,珠江在古近纪具有从小到大逐步演化的特点.

       

    • 图  1  研究区位置图及资料井位分布

      Fig.  1.  Locations of the studied samples in the SCS

      图  2  南海北部古近纪地层岩性分布柱状图

      Li et al.(2009)修改

      Fig.  2.  Lithostratigraphic columns of the Paleogene sediments of the northern SCS

      图  3  南海北部潜在物源区锆石U-Pb年龄

      核密度曲线图及蛛网图,N.锆石数量,S.样品个数.现代红河引自Burrett et al.(2014);越南中部引自van Hoang et al.(2009)

      Fig.  3.  Detrital zircon U-Pb age distribution patterns from potential sources in the northern SCS plotted as kernel density estimation and spider diagrams

      图  4  研究区样品部分锆石CL图

      Fig.  4.  CL images of representative zircon grains from the studied samples

      图  5  始新世-渐新世南海北部锆石U-Pb年龄分布及最年轻年龄

      Fig.  5.  Detrital zircon U-Pb age distributions shown with the youngest of the Eocene-Oligocene samples in the northern SCS

      图  6  南海南、北部古近纪地层锆石U-Pb年龄分布

      Fig.  6.  Detrital zircon U-Pb age distribution of the Paleogene sequences in the SCS

      图  7  南海北部地区始新世-渐新世物源演化历史

      Fig.  7.  Eocene-Oligocene provenance evolution in the northern SCS

      表  1  本文样品及相关研究井位和地层年龄汇总

      Table  1.   List of samples (identified by borehole and stratigraphic times) analyzed for detrital zircon U-Pb dating

      位置 井号 样品号 取样深度(m) 地层年龄 统计锆石数目 参考文献
      珠江口盆地 N1 N1-1 3379~3403 晚渐新世 167 本文
      N1-2 3526~3536 晚渐新世 106
      N1-3 3713~3726 早渐新世 119
      N1-4 3766~3775 始新世 110
      N1-5 3787~3796 始新世 118
      N1-6 3930~3950 始新世 116
      N2 N2-1 3190~3200 晚渐新世 97 本文
      N2-2 3730~3740 早渐新世 113
      N2-3 3900~3910 早渐新世 93
      N3 N3-1 1850~1855 晚渐新世 126 本文
      N3-2 1875~1880 早渐新世 103
      N4 N4-1 3391~3425 晚渐新世 101 本文
      N4-2 3641~3672 早渐新世 102
      莺歌海和琼东南盆地 N5 N5-1 3900~3920 晚渐新世 80 本文
      N5-2 5061~5064 早渐新世 75
      N6 N6-1 3870 晚渐新世 79 本文
      N7 N7-1 2326 前新生代基底 74 本文
      未知 YLSH 未知 晚渐新世 114 Yan et al., 2011
      未知 QLSH 未知 晚渐新世 101 Yan et al., 2011
      LS33 LS33 4030~4201 早渐新世 37 Xiu et al., 2015
      下载: 导出CSV
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