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    从岩浆岩看青藏高原地壳的生长演化

    莫宣学

    莫宣学, 2020. 从岩浆岩看青藏高原地壳的生长演化. 地球科学, 45(7): 2245-2257. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.160
    引用本文: 莫宣学, 2020. 从岩浆岩看青藏高原地壳的生长演化. 地球科学, 45(7): 2245-2257. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.160
    Mo Xuanxue, 2020. Growth and Evolution of Crust of Tibetan Plateau from Perspective of Magmatic Rocks. Earth Science, 45(7): 2245-2257. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.160
    Citation: Mo Xuanxue, 2020. Growth and Evolution of Crust of Tibetan Plateau from Perspective of Magmatic Rocks. Earth Science, 45(7): 2245-2257. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.160

    从岩浆岩看青藏高原地壳的生长演化

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.160
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金委重点项目 40830317

    国家重大基础研究(973计划)项目 2002CB4126

    国家重大基础研究(973计划)项目 G1998040800

    自然资源部重大项目 9501101

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      莫宣学(1938-), 男, 教授, 中国科学院院士, 主要研究方向为岩浆-构造-成矿.E-mail:moxx@cugb.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P313.2

    Growth and Evolution of Crust of Tibetan Plateau from Perspective of Magmatic Rocks

    • 摘要: 青藏巨厚陆壳的性质和形成机制,是重要的科学问题.通过对青藏岩浆岩,特别是其Nd、Hf同位素的研究,证明青藏高原并存着新生地壳和再循环地壳两类地壳.地壳的结构和属性对成矿矿种、矿床类型和分布有重要的控制作用.青藏巨厚地壳是由两种机制(构造加厚;地幔物质通过岩浆作用注入加厚)共同造成的,二者贡献比例约6:4.地壳增厚主要发生在50~25 Ma期间.大陆碰撞带是造成地壳净生长的重要构造部位.

       

    • 图  1  冈底斯带花岗岩及其他岩浆岩的εNd(t)⁃87Sr/86Sr(i)图

      莫宣学等(2005)

      Fig.  1.  Plot of εNd(t) versus 87Sr/86Sr(i) of granitoid and other igneous rocks in the Gangdese, Tibet

      图  2  拉萨地块4条南北向取样路线位置和中生代-古近纪岩浆岩锆石U⁃Pb年龄分布

      摘引自Zhu et al.(2011)

      Fig.  2.  Sketch map showing the location of four north⁃south sampling traverses and isotope ages by situ zircon U⁃Pb dating of Mesozoic⁃Early Tertiary magmatic rocks in the Lhasa block

      图  3  拉萨地块中生代-古近纪岩浆岩锆石εHf(t)值的范围与空间分布及Hf地壳模式年龄(TDMC)频率

      摘引自Zhu et al.(2011)

      Fig.  3.  The range and spatial distribution of εHf(t) values, and the histograms of Hf crustal model ages (TDMC) of zircons from the Mesozoic–Early Tertiary magmatic rocks in the Lhasa block

      图  4  拉萨地块两类地壳(新生地壳与再循环地壳)分布简图

      Zhu et al.(2011)

      Fig.  4.  Sketch map showing the distribution of two types of crust (juvenile and reworked crust) of the Lhasa block

      图  5  (a) 拉萨地块中生代-新生代花岗岩类与长英质火山岩锆石εHf(t)等值线空间变化图; (b) Hf地壳模式年龄(TDMc)等值线图

      摘引自Hou et al.(2015)

      Fig.  5.  (a) Hf isotope contour map showing the spatial variation of zircon εHf(t) values; (b) contour map of the zircon Hf crustal model ages (TDMc) for the Mesozoic⁃Cenozoic granitoid rocks and felsic volcanic rocks in the Lhasa block

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    • 收稿日期:  2020-05-10
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