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    晚中新世西太平洋暖池的浮游有孔虫和氧同位素证据

    李前裕 李保华 钟广法 周祖翼 成鑫荣 王吉良 汪品先

    李前裕, 李保华, 钟广法, 周祖翼, 成鑫荣, 王吉良, 汪品先, 2006. 晚中新世西太平洋暖池的浮游有孔虫和氧同位素证据. 地球科学, 31(6): 754-764.
    引用本文: 李前裕, 李保华, 钟广法, 周祖翼, 成鑫荣, 王吉良, 汪品先, 2006. 晚中新世西太平洋暖池的浮游有孔虫和氧同位素证据. 地球科学, 31(6): 754-764.
    LI Qian-yu, LI Bao-hua, ZHONG Guang-fa, ZHOU Zu-yi, CHENG Xin-rong, WANG Ji-liang, WANG Pin-xian, 2006. Planktonic Foraminifer and Oxygen Isotopic Evidence of a Late Miocene Western Pacific Warm Pool. Earth Science, 31(6): 754-764.
    Citation: LI Qian-yu, LI Bao-hua, ZHONG Guang-fa, ZHOU Zu-yi, CHENG Xin-rong, WANG Ji-liang, WANG Pin-xian, 2006. Planktonic Foraminifer and Oxygen Isotopic Evidence of a Late Miocene Western Pacific Warm Pool. Earth Science, 31(6): 754-764.

    晚中新世西太平洋暖池的浮游有孔虫和氧同位素证据

    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 40576031

    国家自然科学基金项目 40476030

    国家自然科学基金项目 40321603

    国家重大基础研究计划项目 G2000078500

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李前裕(1956-), 男, 教授, 澳大利亚籍, 主要从事海洋地层古环境的科研与教学工作.E-mail:qli01@mail.tongji.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P736.22

    Planktonic Foraminifer and Oxygen Isotopic Evidence of a Late Miocene Western Pacific Warm Pool

    • 摘要: 浮游有孔虫深水种Globoquadrina dehiscens于10Ma左右从西太平洋和南海绝灭, 要比其他地区早大约3Ma.伴随这一事件还见以表层暖水种增多而深水种大幅度减少为主要特征的生物群变化.古生物和氧同位素结果指示当时表层水变暖和温跃层变深, 我们认为是与早期西太平洋暖池的发育有关.该种在西北和西南太平洋呈阶段性消失也说明暖水堆集比赤道区更强, 尽管印尼海道在晚中新世已大为变窄, 穿越印尼海道的径流可能尚保持较高的通量水平而使赤道区暖水堆集不特别明显.南海的浮游氧同位素值通常比开放西太平洋的低, 也说明中新世时期的上层海水环境与现代相似, 都是暖池边缘区比中心区变化大.暖池边缘区水体环境多变和温度梯度较高可能是受季风的影响, 结果造成深水种的降低和G.dehiscens提早从南海地区绝灭.

       

    • 图  1  站位图

      Fig.  1.  Map showing site localities mentioned in this study

      图  2  浮游有孔虫深水种Globoquadrina dehiscens在所选DSDP/ODP站的分布(资料来源见表 1)

      Fig.  2.  Range of Globoquadrina dehiscens in selected DSDP/ODP sites

      图  3  南海1143、1146和1148站浮游有孔虫分带与主要属种的分布

      Fig.  3.  Planktonic foraminifer zones, main species distribution and CaCO3 data from Sites 1143 (a), 1148 (b) and 1146 (c)

      图  4  1143和1146站浮游深水种的丰度对比(箭头指示变化趋势)

      Fig.  4.  Abundance variations of deep-dwelling species including Sphaeroidinella, Pulleniatina, Neogloboquadrina, Globorotalia, and Globoquadrina at Sites 1143 (a) and 1146 (b), with arrows indicating the main trends

      图  5  南海1146站与西太平洋289站浮游有孔虫δ18O变化

      Fig.  5.  Variations of planktonic foraminifer oxygen isotope values from ODP Site 1146 (a, this study) and DSDP Site 289 (b, Gasperi and Kennett, 1993a)

      图  6  西至东太平洋三站位(1146、289和77) 的表层暖水种群Globigerinoides和深水Globoquadrina的丰度变化

      Fig.  6.  Abundance variations of Globigerinoides and Globoquadrina at Pacific ODP Site 1146 (from

      图  7  据分析得出的晚中新世10~8 Ma太平洋环流格局和早期暖池的阶段性发育概况

      Fig.  7.  Interpreted circulation pattern in the low latitude Pacific from ~10 to 8 Ma (modified from Kennett et al., 1985) and stepwise formation of an early warm pool from (a) to (b)

      表  1  Globoquadrina dehiscens在各站位绝灭的年龄(据Berggren et al., 1995地层年代表推算)

      Table  1.   Site localities and estimated age for the LO of Globoquadrina dehiscens on the timescale

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