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    泥页岩主要黏土矿物组分甲烷吸附实验

    吉利明 邱军利 张同伟 夏燕青

    吉利明, 邱军利, 张同伟, 夏燕青, 2012. 泥页岩主要黏土矿物组分甲烷吸附实验. 地球科学, 37(5): 1043-1050. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.111
    引用本文: 吉利明, 邱军利, 张同伟, 夏燕青, 2012. 泥页岩主要黏土矿物组分甲烷吸附实验. 地球科学, 37(5): 1043-1050. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.111
    JI Li-ming, QIU Jun-li, ZHANG Tong-wei, XIA Yan-qing, 2012. Experiments on Methane Adsorption of Common Clay Minerals in Shale. Earth Science, 37(5): 1043-1050. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.111
    Citation: JI Li-ming, QIU Jun-li, ZHANG Tong-wei, XIA Yan-qing, 2012. Experiments on Methane Adsorption of Common Clay Minerals in Shale. Earth Science, 37(5): 1043-1050. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.111

    泥页岩主要黏土矿物组分甲烷吸附实验

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.111
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究"973"发展计划 2012CB214704-02

    国家科技重大专项 2011ZX05008-002-22

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      吉利明(1963-), 男, 博士, 研究员, 从事石油地质与微体古生物研究工作. E-mail: jilimin@lzb.ac.cn

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Experiments on Methane Adsorption of Common Clay Minerals in Shale

    • 摘要: 为了从深层次揭示控制黏土矿物天然气吸附能力的主要因素, 选择不同来源和成因的泥页岩中的常见黏土矿物进行了甲烷等温吸附实验.分析显示不同类型的黏土矿物气体吸附能力差异明显, 各种黏土矿物甲烷吸附容量次序为蒙脱石>>伊蒙混层>高岭石>绿泥石>伊利石>粉砂岩>石英岩.黏土矿物结晶结构决定了矿物片层之间的层间孔隙和聚合体颗粒之间粒间孔隙的形态和大小, 从而决定着其表面积和气体吸附性能.黏土矿物甲烷吸附能力与电镜扫描所反映的微孔隙发育程度密切相关.研究表明, 黏土矿物的气体吸附能力不仅与黏土类型有关, 而且明显受成岩演化程度和岩石成因的影响.此外, 随粒度减小孔隙连通性和内表面积的不断增加, 黏土矿物气体吸附能力有所升高.

       

    • 图  1  主要黏土矿物类型小于270目试样35 ℃、50 ℃和65 ℃的甲烷吸附等温线

      Fig.  1.  Methane adsorption isotherm of clay rocks at 35 ℃, 50 ℃ and 65 ℃

      图  2  各种实验样品50 ℃甲烷吸附等温曲线对比

      Fig.  2.  Methane adsorption isotherm of different clay rock samples at 50 ℃

      图  3  伊蒙混层黏土(<270目)甲烷等温吸附实验数据点及拟合曲线

      Fig.  3.  Isothermal adsorption data and fitting curve of illite-smectite mixed-layer in < 270 mesh

      图  4  蒙脱石黏土岩电镜扫描图像

      Fig.  4.  SEM images of smectite clay rock

      图  5  伊蒙混层黏土岩电镜扫描图像

      Fig.  5.  SEM images of illite-smectite mixed-layer

      图  6  部分黏土岩电镜扫描图像

      Fig.  6.  SEM images of a part of experimental samples

      图  7  不同粒度绿泥石和蒙脱石黏土50 ℃甲烷吸附等温曲线

      Fig.  7.  Methane adsorption isotherm of chlorite and smectite in different granularity at 50 ℃

      表  1  实验样品全岩矿物成分X-衍射定量分析数据(%)

      Table  1.   Quantitative analysis data of mineral composition of experimental samples by X-ray diffraction

      序号 样品号 岩性 石英 斜长石 钾长石 方解石 白云石 滑石 黄铁矿 黏土矿物
      高岭石 蒙脱石 伊利石 绿泥石 伊蒙间层
      1 QUART 石英岩 100.00
      2 FENSH 粉砂岩 81.63 11.29 1.87 3.31 1.89
      3 YLS-3 黏土岩 1.00 99.00
      4 LNS-3 黏土岩 0.65 1.75 5.31 92.29
      5 GLT-4 黏土岩 4.99 95.01
      6 I-S 黏土岩 50.47 4.13 0.94 44.46
      7 PRT-5 黏土岩 14.25 2.30 1.67 3.12 78.65
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  理论计算的常见黏土矿物表面积

      Table  2.   Suface area of common clay minerals based theoretic calculation

      黏土类型 分子式 层间距(Å) 内表面积(m2/g) 外表面积(m2/g) 总表面积(m2/g)
      高岭石 Al4[Si4O10](OH)8 7.2 0 15 15
      绿泥石 (Mg, Al, Fe)12[(Si, Al)8O20](OH)16 14.2 0 15 15
      伊利石 KAl4[Si7AlO20](OH)4 10.0 0 30 30
      蒙脱石 (Ca, Na)(Al, Mg, Fe)4[(Si, Al)8O20](OH)4·nH2O 9.6~21.4 750 50 800
      细石英砂 SiO2 - 0 0.02 0.02
      下载: 导出CSV
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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2011-12-17
    • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-10
    • 刊出日期:  2012-09-15

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