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    新疆塔什库尔干塔阿西一带火山岩成因及地质意义

    高晓峰 校培喜 康磊 朱海平 过磊 奚仁刚 董增产

    高晓峰, 校培喜, 康磊, 朱海平, 过磊, 奚仁刚, 董增产, 2013. 新疆塔什库尔干塔阿西一带火山岩成因及地质意义. 地球科学, 38(6): 1169-1182. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.116
    引用本文: 高晓峰, 校培喜, 康磊, 朱海平, 过磊, 奚仁刚, 董增产, 2013. 新疆塔什库尔干塔阿西一带火山岩成因及地质意义. 地球科学, 38(6): 1169-1182. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.116
    GAO Xiao-feng, XIAO Pei-xi, KANG Lei, ZHU Hai-ping, GUO Lei, XI Ren-gang, DONG Zeng-chan, 2013. Origin of the Volcanic Rocks from the Ta'axi Region, Taxkorgan Xinjiang and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 38(6): 1169-1182. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.116
    Citation: GAO Xiao-feng, XIAO Pei-xi, KANG Lei, ZHU Hai-ping, GUO Lei, XI Ren-gang, DONG Zeng-chan, 2013. Origin of the Volcanic Rocks from the Ta'axi Region, Taxkorgan Xinjiang and Its Geological Significance. Earth Science, 38(6): 1169-1182. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.116

    新疆塔什库尔干塔阿西一带火山岩成因及地质意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2013.116
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 41002020

    陕西省自然科学基金 2011JQ5008

    中国地质调查局国土资源大调查研究项目 1212011085034

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      高晓峰(1979-), 男, 副研究员, 从事岩石学和岩石地球化学研究.E-mail: xfgao2000@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Origin of the Volcanic Rocks from the Ta'axi Region, Taxkorgan Xinjiang and Its Geological Significance

    • 摘要: 通过岩石学、地球化学和同位素年代学研究, 从原划"布伦阔勒岩群"中识别出一套"双峰式"火山岩, 英安岩锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年龄结果显示该套岩石形成年龄为521.3±3.3 Ma, 为早寒武世产物. 在岩石类型上, 玄武岩和英安岩属于低钾岩石系列, 玄武岩相对富集Rb、Ba、K、LREE, 而亏损Nb-Ta、Th, 源于受早期俯冲洋/陆壳流体交代的亏损地幔熔融源区. 英安岩表现出富集LILE、Th, 亏损Nb-Ta、Sr和Ti.两类岩石表现出不同的稀土元素配分模式和微量元素特征, 并缺乏分异演化的趋势, 反映二者的成因存在差别. 结合其地球化学特征和实验岩石学资料, 认为英安岩为玄武岩底侵提供热, 基性下地壳在相对低压条件下部分熔融形成的. 这套"双峰式"火山岩组合证实区域上早古生代存在一次大陆拉张环境下的构造-岩浆事件. 结合区域上研究资料, 古元古代布伦阔勒岩群至少包含以下3个组成部分: (1)古元古代布伦阔勒岩群; (2)印支期高压变质岩体; (3)早古生代火山-沉积岩组合.

       

    • 图  1  新疆塔什库尔干地区地质

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch map of Taxkorgan region in Xinjiang

      图  2  塔阿西一带布伦阔勒岩群火山岩地质剖面

      Fig.  2.  A profile of the volcanic rocks from the Bulunkuole Group in Ta'axi region

      图  3  布伦阔勒岩群玄武岩与英安岩互层产出特征

      Fig.  3.  The characteristic of basalt interbedded with dacite of the Bulunkuole Group

      图  4  布伦阔勒岩群火山岩K2O+Na2O-SiO2 (a), SiO2-Nb/Y (b), FeOT/MgO-SiO2 (c) and A/NK-A/CNK (d)图解

      Fig.  4.  K2O+Na2O vs. SiO2 (a), SiO2 vs. Nb/Y(b), FeOT/MgO vs. SiO2 (c) and A/NK-A/CNK (d) diagrams of the Bulunkuole Group volcanic rocks

      图  5  布伦阔勒岩群火山岩MgO对主、微量元素变化图

      Fig.  5.  MgO vs. major element and trace element plots of the volcanic rocks in the Bulunkuole Group

      图  6  布伦阔勒岩群火山岩稀土元素配分模式(a)和微量元素蛛网图(b).

      球粒陨石引自Taylor and McLennan (1985);原始地幔标准化值、OIB和MORB数据引自Sun and McDonough (1989)

      Fig.  6.  Chondrite-normalized REE patterns (a) and primitive mantle (PM) normalized spidergrams (b)

      图  7  布伦阔勒岩群英安岩锆石CL图像和U-Pb谐和图(10X20-8)

      Fig.  7.  CL images of zircons and U-Pb concordia diagram from a dacite sample in the Bulunkuole Group (10X20-8)

      图  8  布伦阔勒岩群玄武岩Th/Nb-Zr/Nb图解

      Fig.  8.  Th/Nb vs.Zr/Nb diagram of basalts from the Bulunkuole Group

      图  9  布伦阔勒岩群火山岩SiO2-Nb/La和La-La/Sm图

      Fig.  9.  SiO2 vs. Nb/La and La vs. La/Sm diagrams of the volcanic rocks in the Bulunkuole Group

      表  1  布伦阔勒岩群火山岩主量元素(%)和微量元素(10-6)分析结果

      Table  1.   Major (%) and trace element (10-6) compositions of the Bulunkuole Group volcanic rocks

      样号岩石类型 10X20-1玄武岩 10X20-2玄武岩 10X20-3玄武岩 10X20-4英安岩 10X20-5英安岩 10X20-6英安岩 10X20-7英安岩 10X20-8英安岩
      SiO2 52.02 50.28 51.80 68.57 68.52 69.10 68.32 68.54
      Al2O3 14.87 15.54 14.69 14.30 14.22 14.55 14.45 14.13
      Fe2O3 3.74 4.78 3.76 2.96 2.69 2.70 2.95 3.80
      FeO 6.87 7.07 7.29 2.30 2.80 2.39 2.01 2.33
      CaO 8.43 7.95 9.35 2.06 1.68 1.09 2.23 0.96
      MgO 5.78 6.03 5.84 0.94 0.96 0.96 0.71 1.09
      K2O 0.74 0.41 0.82 2.13 2.41 0.37 1.40 0.36
      Na2O 4.21 4.54 3.13 5.12 5.07 7.45 5.94 7.36
      TiO2 1.43 1.49 1.41 0.61 0.60 0.59 0.61 0.59
      P2O5 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.16
      MnO 0.31 0.34 0.37 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
      LOI 1.79 1.86 1.81 1.27 1.33 0.83 1.92 1.03
      Total 100.41 100.51 100.49 100.49 100.51 100.28 100.76 100.39
      FeOT 10.38 11.53 10.82 5.00 5.26 4.85 4.72 5.79
      MgO# 0.50 0.49 0.50 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.22 0.25
      La 10.20 9.90 11.00 15.70 16.40 15.40 15.40 14.50
      Ce 22.10 21.20 24.10 31.00 31.90 32.30 30.20 29.10
      Pr 3.27 3.15 3.50 3.98 4.16 3.93 3.87 3.78
      Nd 15.10 14.60 16.20 16.60 17.20 16.00 16.00 16.10
      Sm 4.37 4.00 4.49 3.53 3.71 3.30 3.55 3.51
      Eu 1.47 1.42 1.61 1.04 1.07 1.02 0.94 1.15
      Gd 4.90 4.72 5.26 3.54 3.57 3.34 3.39 3.67
      Tb 0.84 0.81 0.87 0.57 0.53 0.50 0.55 0.58
      Dy 5.48 5.47 5.80 3.39 3.28 2.98 3.17 3.44
      Ho 1.21 1.20 1.30 0.72 0.68 0.65 0.71 0.74
      Er 3.30 3.12 3.39 1.92 1.87 1.69 1.95 1.88
      Tm 0.54 0.50 0.52 0.32 0.30 0.26 0.32 0.29
      Yb 3.22 3.07 3.34 1.97 1.91 1.62 1.86 1.89
      Lu 0.51 0.47 0.51 0.32 0.31 0.27 0.29 0.29
      Y 30.70 29.90 31.90 18.80 17.70 17.20 18.70 18.90
      Pb 14.30 24.40 13.40 40.00 12.40 6.20 15.10 18.20
      Cr 122.00 156.00 128.00 9.10 6.80 7.30 11.70 7.10
      Ni 30.00 33.50 32.60 3.10 3.30 2.80 4.50 3.10
      Co 35.40 35.30 39.20 3.60 3.60 2.00 2.80 2.60
      Rb 21.20 7.40 25.10 23.70 27.80 9.10 17.00 9.20
      Sr 200.00 232.00 280.00 54.00 47.00 56.00 64.00 53.00
      Ba 291.00 124.00 277.00 1 140.00 1 260.00 198.00 730.00 181.00
      V 301.00 311.00 301.00 69.00 70.00 71.00 67.00 73.00
      Sc 39.10 40.50 39.80 18.70 20.90 16.60 17.30 20.00
      Nb 4.51 4.89 4.37 4.71 4.80 4.85 4.92 4.87
      Ta 0.60 0.58 0.57 0.44 0.43 0.41 0.40 0.44
      Zr 91.00 86.00 89.00 131.00 134.00 134.00 127.00 128.00
      Hf 1.98 1.77 1.85 2.73 2.78 2.90 2.75 2.91
      Ga 18.30 20.10 19.70 17.70 17.80 15.80 16.60 16.60
      U 0.46 0.44 0.44 1.28 1.27 1.3 1.32 1.21
      REE 76.51 73.60 81.89 84.60 86.89 83.26 82.20 80.92
      (La/Sm)N 1.47 1.55 1.54 2.80 2.78 2.94 2.73 2.60
      (La/Yb)N 2.14 2.17 2.23 5.39 5.80 6.42 5.59 5.18
      (Dy/Yb)N 1.11 1.16 1.13 1.12 1.12 1.20 1.11 1.18
      Eu/Eu* 0.97 1.00 1.01 0.89 0.89 0.93 0.82 0.97
      La/Nb 2.30 2.00 2.50 3.30 3.40 3.20 3.10 3.00
      Zr/Nb 20.10 17.60 20.30 27.80 27.90 27.60 25.80 26.30
      Th/Nb 0.09 0.17 0.12 0.94 0.95 0.88 0.92 0.93
      Th/La 0.04 0.09 0.05 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.30 0.31
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  布伦阔勒岩群英安岩(10X20-8)锆石U-Pb定年结果

      Table  2.   Zircon U-Pb dataing results of 10X20-8 dacite of the Bulunkuole Group

      样品点 Th(10-6) U(10-6) Th/U 207Pb/206Pb 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U 208Pb/232Th 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U 208Pb/232Th
      比值 1σ 比值 1σ 比值 1σ 比值 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ
      10X20-1-1 613 1 361 0.45 0.063 3 0.001 0 0.738 4 0.011 5 0.084 7 0.000 7 0.500 2 0.028 3 561 7 524 4 8 198 381
      10X20-1-2 355 855 0.42 0.060 7 0.001 1 0.703 1 0.012 1 0.084 1 0.000 6 0.440 4 0.025 5 541 7 520 4 7 375 357
      10X20-1-3 723 1 194 0.61 0.058 1 0.000 8 0.672 8 0.010 1 0.084 1 0.000 7 0.535 7 0.025 1 522 6 520 4 8 671 330
      10X20-1-4 423 1 151 0.37 0.056 9 0.000 8 0.658 8 0.010 3 0.084 0 0.000 7 0.550 2 0.026 8 514 6 520 4 8 860 350
      10X20-1-5 600 1 369 0.44 0.057 2 0.000 8 0.666 8 0.010 0 0.084 6 0.000 8 0.620 1 0.026 9 519 6 523 5 9 752 335
      10X20-1-6 765 1 251 0.61 0.058 3 0.000 8 0.681 9 0.010 0 0.084 6 0.000 6 0.446 7 0.027 5 528 6 524 3 7 463 384
      10X20-1-7 746 1 424 0.52 0.057 1 0.000 8 0.662 6 0.009 8 0.084 0 0.000 6 0.481 6 0.025 8 516 6 520 4 7 945 351
      10X20-1-8 548 1 048 0.52 0.063 2 0.001 2 0.740 1 0.014 5 0.084 7 0.000 6 0.375 0 0.028 0 562 8 524 4 6 437 412
      10X20-1-9 489 1 165 0.42 0.061 4 0.000 9 0.717 1 0.011 0 0.084 6 0.000 7 0.508 7 0.028 4 549 6 524 4 8 312 380
      10X20-1-10 733 1 345 0.54 0.061 9 0.001 0 0.722 0 0.012 4 0.084 4 0.000 7 0.503 3 0.028 6 552 7 522 4 8 240 385
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  N-MORB、富集地幔和地壳各单元比值组成

      Table  3.   The composition of N-MORB, enrichment mantle and crust

      端元组分 Zr/Nb比值 Th/Nb比值
      N-MORB 30 0.07
      富集地幔 3.5~13.1 0.09~0.17
      大陆地壳 16.2 0.44
      注:数据来源于来源于徐义刚(1999).
      下载: 导出CSV
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