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    黄土高原风尘堆积物源研究进展

    曾方明 向树元 刘向军 张玲

    曾方明, 向树元, 刘向军, 张玲, 2014. 黄土高原风尘堆积物源研究进展. 地球科学, 39(2): 125-140. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.013
    引用本文: 曾方明, 向树元, 刘向军, 张玲, 2014. 黄土高原风尘堆积物源研究进展. 地球科学, 39(2): 125-140. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.013
    Zeng Fangming, Xiang Shuyuan, Liu Xiangjun, Zhang Ling, 2014. Progress in Tracing Provenance of Eolian Deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau. Earth Science, 39(2): 125-140. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.013
    Citation: Zeng Fangming, Xiang Shuyuan, Liu Xiangjun, Zhang Ling, 2014. Progress in Tracing Provenance of Eolian Deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau. Earth Science, 39(2): 125-140. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.013

    黄土高原风尘堆积物源研究进展

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2014.013
    基金项目: 

    青海省科技厅自然科学基金青年项目 2012-Z-933Q

    中国科学院盐湖资源与化学重点实验室开放基金 KLSLRC-KF-13-DX-11

    国家自然科学基金项目 41201014

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      曾方明(1982-),男,助理研究员,博士,从事风尘堆积地球化学研究.E-mail: fmzeng@163.com

    • 中图分类号: P534.6;P531

    Progress in Tracing Provenance of Eolian Deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau

    • 摘要: 黄土高原风尘堆积是开展古环境变化研究的重要沉积物,其源区的具体位置和变化程度对于揭示东亚大气环流演化具有关键意义,而且一直被学术界广泛关注,存在较大争议.前人通过地球化学(Sr-Nd-Pb同位素、元素地球化学、碎屑锆石U-Pb年龄)、矿物学(白云石、重矿物)、物理学(释光灵敏度、电子自旋共振信号和环境磁学)、气象观测与模拟、地貌学等方法对黄土高原风尘堆积及其潜在源区(北方荒漠和戈壁以及青藏高原东北部)开展了大量示踪研究.研究表明青藏高原东北部、阿拉善高原、塔里木盆地和蒙古戈壁可能是非常重要的源区.目前存在的问题:(1)源区的具体区位;(2)源区物质供给系统是否存在时空变化;(3)第四纪以来的黄土研究居多,而更老时间尺度上风尘堆积的物源研究较少.因此,今后开展更多粉尘物源示踪方法学的研究,并加强第四纪以前黄土高原风尘堆积的物源研究,是风尘堆积物源研究的重要内容.

       

    • 图  1  黄土高原与北方戈壁、荒漠(据Sun,2002Chen et al., 2007修改)

      Fig.  1.  Chinese Loess Plateau, gobi and deserts in North China

      图  2  黄土高原风尘堆积与潜在源区的Sr-Nd同位素组成

      潜在源区阿拉善高原、鄂尔多斯高原、塔里木盆地、柴达木盆地、准噶尔盆地和东北沙地的数据来自Chen et al., 2007;青藏高原东北部的数据来自Yang et al., 2009Li et al., 2011

      Fig.  2.  Sr-Nd isotope composition of the eolian deposits in northern China and their possible source areas

      图  3  泾川、灵台剖面风尘堆积Sr、Nd和Pb同位素比值的演化

      a和b.数据来自Sun,2005Wang et al., 2007;c.数据来自Sun and Zhu, 2010

      Fig.  3.  Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic ratios of eolian deposits in the Jingchuan and Lingtai sections

      图  4  风尘物质中不同粒级组分中Sr、Nd和Pb同位素比值

      样品L10、L33、L1、S5和红粘土数据依据Rao et al., 2006;样品LT-25、ZT-2和WJ-1数据依据Feng et al., 2009;样品LH1-3的Pb同位素比值据Feng et al., 2010

      Fig.  4.  Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic compositions of eolian deposits in different grain-size components

      图  5  黄土高原黄土与潜在源区碎屑锆石的U-Pb年龄谱

      Fig.  5.  Detrital zircon U-Pb age spectra for loess in the Chinese Loess Plateau and possible source areas

      图  6  西峰和渭南晚第四纪黄土与潜在源区石英颗粒(<16 μm)的ESR信号强度(据Sun et al., 2007, 2008)

      Fig.  6.  Electronic spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of quartz grain (< 16 μm) in sediments at Xifeng and Weinan sections and possible source areas of the eolian deposit

      表  1  黄土高原风尘堆积主要源区研究结果

      Table  1.   The source areas of the eolian deposits in Chinese Loess Plateau

      阿拉善高原a 青藏高原 鄂尔多斯高原b 塔里木盆地 柴达木盆地 准噶尔盆地 参考文献
      Bowler et al., 1987
      Liu et al., 1994
      × Sun et al., 2001
      × × × Sun,2002
      Zhang et al., 2003
      Fang et al., 2004
      Honda et al., 2004
      Rao et al., 2006
      × Chen et al., 2007
      Li et al., 2007
      × 李锋,2007
      杨杰东等,2007
      Rao et al., 2008
      × Sun et al., 2008
      Yang and Ding, 2008
      Yang et al., 2009
      Jeong and Lee, 2010
      Stevens et al., 2010
      Ferrat et al., 2011
      Kapp et al., 2011
      Pullen et al., 2011
      √:是风尘堆积的主要源区;×:不是风尘堆积的主要源区; a.阿拉善高原:包括巴丹吉林沙漠、腾格里沙漠和乌兰布和沙漠; b.鄂尔多斯高原:包括库布齐沙漠和毛乌素沙漠.
      下载: 导出CSV
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