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    西准噶尔谢米斯台西段花岗岩年代学、地球化学、锆石Lu-Hf同位素特征及大地构造意义

    杨钢 肖龙 王国灿 高睿 贺新星 鄢圣武 杨维 晏文博 周佩

    杨钢, 肖龙, 王国灿, 高睿, 贺新星, 鄢圣武, 杨维, 晏文博, 周佩, 2015. 西准噶尔谢米斯台西段花岗岩年代学、地球化学、锆石Lu-Hf同位素特征及大地构造意义. 地球科学, 40(3): 548-562. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.043
    引用本文: 杨钢, 肖龙, 王国灿, 高睿, 贺新星, 鄢圣武, 杨维, 晏文博, 周佩, 2015. 西准噶尔谢米斯台西段花岗岩年代学、地球化学、锆石Lu-Hf同位素特征及大地构造意义. 地球科学, 40(3): 548-562. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.043
    Yang Gang, Xiao Long, Wang Guocan, Gao Rui, He Xinxing, Yan Shengwu, Yang Wei, Yan Wenbo, Zhou Pei, 2015. Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Lu-Hf Study of Granites in Western Section of Xiemisitai Area, Western Junggar. Earth Science, 40(3): 548-562. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.043
    Citation: Yang Gang, Xiao Long, Wang Guocan, Gao Rui, He Xinxing, Yan Shengwu, Yang Wei, Yan Wenbo, Zhou Pei, 2015. Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Lu-Hf Study of Granites in Western Section of Xiemisitai Area, Western Junggar. Earth Science, 40(3): 548-562. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.043

    西准噶尔谢米斯台西段花岗岩年代学、地球化学、锆石Lu-Hf同位素特征及大地构造意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.043
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目"西准噶尔克拉玛依后山地区三维地质调查试点" 1212011220245

    新疆1∶25万铁厂沟镇幅(L45C002001)与克拉玛依市幅(L45C003001)区调修测项目 1212011120502

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      杨钢(1987-), 男, 助理工程师, 主要从事岩石学和地震地质学研究.E-mail: 2639297557@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      肖龙, E-mail: longxiao@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P534

    Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Lu-Hf Study of Granites in Western Section of Xiemisitai Area, Western Junggar

    • 摘要: 西准噶尔谢米斯台花岗岩研究程度偏低, 运用锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年代学、地球化学及锆石Lu-Hf同位素方法研究西准谢米斯台西段地区花岗岩, 结果表明: 谢米斯台岩体(427.6±2.3 Ma)和哈勒盖特希岩体(428.6±2.5 Ma)均形成于中志留世; 谢米斯台碱长花岗岩地球化学特征类似于Ⅰ型花岗岩, 哈勒盖特希碱长花岗岩地球化学特征类似于A型花岗岩; 锆石Hf同位素组成较均一, εHf(t)=12.4~14.5, 二阶段模式年龄tDM2变化范围在497~603 Ma之间, Ⅰ型花岗岩和A2型花岗岩可能形成于后碰撞阶段的挤压-伸展转变期, 是中志留世额尔齐斯-斋桑洋壳向南俯冲至波谢库尔-成吉斯火山弧底部, 俯冲板片与岛弧底部岩石圈之间剪切带的物质发生变形、变质及部分熔融作用, 使得由亏损地幔形成不久的年轻地壳(由洋壳和岛弧组成)发生部分熔融形成的长英质岩浆经进一步分离结晶作用形成分异Ⅰ型花岗岩和高温、缺水A2型花岗岩, A2型花岗岩较Ⅰ型花岗岩分离结晶程度高.

       

    • 图  1  新疆西准噶尔地区地质图

      图 1改自申萍等(2010)Shen et al.(2012).年龄1据Chen et al.(2010);年龄2据Shen et al.(2012);年龄3据张元元和郭召杰(2010)

      Fig.  1.  Geological map of western Junggar Region, Xinjiang

      图  2  谢米斯台西段地质图

      Fig.  2.  Geological map in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  3  谢米斯台西段花岗岩野外及显微镜下特征

      碱长花岗岩野外特征(a.谢米斯台;c.哈勒盖特希);花岗岩正交镜下特征(b.谢米斯台;d.哈勒盖特希);Qz.石英;Am.角闪石;Kfs.钾长石;Pl.斜长石

      Fig.  3.  Field and microscopic characteristics of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  4  谢米斯台西段花岗岩部分锆石CL图像、测点位置及谐和年龄

      Fig.  4.  Zircon CL graphics, points sites and concordia ages of granite in Wangfeng area in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  5  谢米斯台西段花岗岩锆石U-Pb谐和图

      Fig.  5.  U-Pb concordia diagram of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  6  谢米斯台西段花岗岩Hf同位素特征

      Fig.  6.  Zircon Hf isotopic features for the granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  7  谢米斯台西段花岗岩SiO2-AR关系和(a)铝饱和指数图解(b)

      a底图据肖庆辉等(2002)

      Fig.  7.  The relation of SiO2-AR (a) and Al-saturation index diagram (b) of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  8  谢米斯台西段花岗岩稀土元素配分型式图解(a)与微量元素配分型式图解(b)

      标准化的球粒陨石REE含量引自Sun and McDonough(1989)

      Fig.  8.  Chondrite-normalized REE diagram (a) and primitive mantle-normalized trace element diagram (b) of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      图  9  Rb/Ba-(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y)、(Na2O+K2O)/CaO-(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y)图解和A1-A2型花岗岩图解

      图a, b据Whalen et al.(1987);图c据Eby(1992).A-A.A-A型花岗岩;FG.M+I+S型分异花岗岩;OGT.未分异M+I+S型花岗岩;S.分异的S型花岗岩;I.分异的Ⅰ型花岗岩;A1.A1型花岗岩;A2.A2型花岗岩

      Fig.  9.  Rb/Ba-(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y), (Na2O+K2O)/CaO-(Zr+Nb+Ce+Y) diagrams and distinguish diagrams of A1-A2 granites

      图  10  Rb-(Y+Nb)构造判别

      ORG.大洋脊花岗岩;WPG.板内花岗岩;VAG.火山弧花岗岩;syn-COLG.同碰撞花岗岩;post-COLG.后碰撞花岗岩;底图据Pearce et al.(1984)

      Fig.  10.  Rb-(Y+Nb) diagram

      表  1  谢米斯台西段花岗岩锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb测年数据

      Table  1.   Zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating data of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      分析点 232Th(10-6) 238U(10-6) Th/U 207Pb/206Pb 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U 207Pb/206Pb 207Pb/235U 206Pb/238U
      比值 1σ 比值 1σ 比值 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ 年龄(Ma) 1σ
      哈勒盖特希碱长花岗岩
      N1825-1-01 1 147 1 342 0.9 0.074 9 0.003 1 0.867 3 0.033 3 0.083 5 0.000 9 1 065.7 82.6 634.1 18.1 517.2 5.5
      N1825-1-02 3 057 3 155 1.0 0.072 6 0.002 1 0.696 3 0.020 3 0.068 5 0.000 7 1 003.4 58.8 536.6 12.2 427.3 4.1
      N1825-1-03 3 332 2 535 1.3 0.062 8 0.001 9 0.682 1 0.020 3 0.077 9 0.000 8 701.9 64.8 528.0 12.3 483.5 4.7
      N1825-1-04 2 229 1 849 1.2 0.055 3 0.002 1 0.527 1 0.018 8 0.068 7 0.000 9 433.4 85.2 429.9 12.5 428.6 5.7
      N1825-1-05 3 681 2 646 1.4 0.055 8 0.001 8 0.536 1 0.017 0 0.068 8 0.000 8 455.6 74.1 435.8 11.2 429.1 4.9
      N1825-1-06 2 334 1 878 1.2 0.059 9 0.002 2 0.571 9 0.020 7 0.068 4 0.000 8 611.1 79.6 459.2 13.4 426.2 4.8
      N1825-1-07 1 625 1 320 1.2 0.057 9 0.002 5 0.549 3 0.022 0 0.068 8 0.000 9 524.1 92.4 444.5 14.5 429.1 5.4
      N1825-1-08 2 727 2 371 1.2 0.056 4 0.001 8 0.536 4 0.016 9 0.068 5 0.000 7 477.8 72.2 436.1 11.2 427.1 4.1
      N1825-1-09 605.0 753.0 0.8 0.075 6 0.003 8 0.728 1 0.038 5 0.069 0 0.001 0 1 084.9 100.0 555.5 22.6 429.9 5.8
      N1825-1-10 4 645 2 878 1.6 0.055 3 0.001 8 0.528 0 0.017 0 0.068 9 0.000 8 433.4 74.1 430.5 11.3 429.4 4.8
      N1825-1-11 3 121 1 828 1.7 0.071 9 0.002 5 0.687 9 0.025 0 0.068 8 0.000 9 983.3 72.2 531.5 15.1 429.0 5.3
      N1825-1-12 2 604 2 657 1.0 0.062 6 0.002 4 0.596 3 0.021 5 0.069 0 0.001 0 694.5 80.4 474.9 13.7 430.1 6.0
      N1825-1-13 2 867 2 160 1.3 0.068 4 0.002 7 0.661 4 0.027 1 0.069 4 0.001 0 879.6 84.3 515.4 16.5 432.7 6.0
      N1825-1-14 965.0 1 033 0.9 0.057 4 0.003 7 0.546 5 0.035 9 0.068 7 0.001 3 505.6 137.9 442.7 23.5 428.1 8.1
      N1825-1-15 434.0 651.0 0.7 0.062 5 0.003 8 0.588 6 0.033 7 0.068 6 0.001 1 700.0 129.6 470.0 21.6 427.8 6.9
      N1825-1-16 888.0 1 044 0.9 0.062 7 0.003 1 0.605 0 0.031 0 0.069 1 0.001 1 698.2 304.6 480.4 19.6 430.7 6.8
      N1825-1-17 713.0 1 008 0.7 0.056 9 0.002 2 0.544 6 0.020 7 0.068 9 0.000 9 487.1 87.0 441.4 13.6 429.6 5.5
      N1825-1-18 1 865 1 701 1.1 0.058 9 0.002 2 0.564 1 0.020 9 0.068 7 0.001 0 561.1 81.5 454.2 13.6 428.5 5.9
      N1825-1-19 1 077 1 309 0.8 0.053 4 0.002 0 0.510 7 0.019 1 0.068 3 0.000 9 346.4 85.2 418.9 12.8 426.1 5.4
      N1825-1-20 3 945 6 786 0.6 0.068 4 0.003 0 0.660 7 0.030 0 0.068 8 0.001 3 879.6 90.7 515.1 18.3 428.7 8.0
      谢米斯台碱长花岗岩
      N4814-2-1 1 642 1 594 1.0 0.071 4 0.002 3 0.562 9 0.018 2 0.058 9 0.001 4 968.5 66.7 453.4 11.8 369.0 8.8
      N4814-2-2 4 072 3 928 1.0 0.229 2 0.005 9 1.502 9 0.035 9 0.047 7 0.000 6 3 046.0 40.6 931.6 14.6 300.2 3.8
      N4814-2-3 342 412 0.8 0.057 4 0.003 6 0.536 3 0.031 9 0.068 6 0.001 0 505.6 138.9 436.0 21.1 427.8 6.2
      N4814-2-4 1 261 1 188 1.1 0.056 9 0.002 3 0.542 4 0.022 0 0.068 6 0.000 8 500.0 88.9 440.0 14.5 427.7 4.6
      N4814-2-5 495 536 0.9 0.068 7 0.004 6 0.647 3 0.039 9 0.068 6 0.001 2 900.0 143.5 506.8 24.6 427.5 7.5
      N4814-2-6 1 368 1 412 1.0 0.089 5 0.003 5 0.849 4 0.033 0 0.068 6 0.001 0 1 416.7 74.5 624.3 18.1 427.7 6.2
      N4814-2-7 925 1 134 0.8 0.060 7 0.002 1 0.662 8 0.021 8 0.079 1 0.000 9 631.5 75.9 516.3 13.3 490.8 5.5
      N4814-2-8 1 298 1 406 0.9 0.085 8 0.002 9 0.817 7 0.027 4 0.068 5 0.000 8 1 400.0 60.2 606.8 15.3 427.3 4.9
      N4814-2-9 381 471 0.8 0.064 1 0.003 8 0.601 2 0.034 6 0.068 4 0.001 1 746.3 124.1 478.0 22.0 426.3 6.4
      N4814-2-10 332 434 0.8 0.062 6 0.003 5 0.665 5 0.037 3 0.076 6 0.001 3 694.5 120.4 517.9 22.8 476.1 8.0
      N4814-2-11 1 050 1 030 1.0 0.063 1 0.003 1 0.591 6 0.028 0 0.067 9 0.000 9 722.2 101.7 471.9 17.9 423.4 5.7
      N4814-2-12 533 724 0.7 0.053 0 0.003 6 0.499 0 0.029 2 0.068 8 0.001 3 331.5 151.8 411.0 19.8 429.2 8.1
      N4814-2-13 2 319 3 075 0.8 0.125 6 0.005 0 0.959 3 0.030 8 0.056 9 0.001 0 2 036.7 70.4 682.9 16.0 356.9 5.8
      N4814-2-14 936 1 113 0.8 0.131 6 0.008 4 1.245 5 0.070 0 0.069 0 0.001 3 2 120.4 112.3 821.4 31.7 430.0 8.1
      N4814-2-15 1 824 1 662 1.1 0.102 4 0.004 0 0.962 3 0.035 6 0.068 4 0.001 0 1 677.8 72.4 684.5 18.4 426.7 5.9
      N4814-2-16 961 997 1.0 0.114 8 0.004 4 1.114 5 0.042 4 0.069 9 0.000 9 1 877.5 69.9 760.3 20.4 435.5 5.7
      N4814-2-17 868 1 177 0.7 0.085 7 0.003 6 0.744 0 0.033 5 0.061 8 0.000 7 1 331.8 80.1 564.7 19.5 386.8 4.4
      N4814-2-18 321 455 0.7 0.056 5 0.003 9 0.540 5 0.037 6 0.069 0 0.001 4 472.3 149.1 438.8 24.8 430.1 8.3
      N4814-2-19 448 532 0.8 0.058 7 0.003 7 0.554 2 0.032 8 0.069 0 0.001 2 553.7 138.9 447.7 21.4 430.3 7.5
      N4814-2-20 477 512 0.9 0.058 2 0.003 0 0.558 0 0.029 4 0.069 0 0.001 0 600.0 119.4 450.2 19.2 430.0 6.0
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  谢米斯台西段花岗岩锆石Lu-Hf同位素分析结果

      Table  2.   Zircon Lu-Hf isotopic analysis results of granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      测点号 176Hf/177Hf 1σ 176Lu/177Hf 1σ 176Yb/177Hf 1σ 年龄(Ma) εHf(0) 1σ εHf(t) 1σ tDM1(Ma) tDM2(Ma) fLu/Hf
      哈勒盖特希碱长花岗岩
      N1825-1-6 0.282 889 0.000 010 0.001 492 0.000 003 0.047 059 0.000 303 426.2 4.2 0.6 13.5 0.7 521 550 -0.96
      N1825-1-7 0.282 878 0.000 011 0.002 162 0.000 059 0.074 503 0.001 959 429.1 3.7 0.6 12.7 0.7 547 587 -0.93
      N1825-1-9 0.282 922 0.000 010 0.002 219 0.000 078 0.070 719 0.002 474 429.9 5.3 0.6 14.5 0.7 483 497 -0.93
      N1825-1-11 0.282 904 0.000 011 0.001 585 0.000 018 0.054 474 0.000 824 429.0 4.7 0.6 13.7 0.7 500 526 -0.95
      N1825-1-12 0.282 920 0.000 014 0.002 200 0.000 095 0.067 869 0.002 120 430.1 5.2 0.7 14.4 0.8 486 501 -0.93
      N1825-1-14 0.282 912 0.000 013 0.002 216 0.000 074 0.065 818 0.001 258 428.1 4.9 0.7 14.0 0.7 498 519 -0.93
      谢米斯台碱长花岗岩
      N4814-2-14 0.282 868 0.000 009 0.002 012 0.000 019 0.066 244 0.001 039 430.0 3.4 0.6 12.4 0.6 559 603 -0.94
      N4814-2-11 0.282 917 0.000 013 0.001 920 0.000 059 0.064 961 0.001 309 423.4 5.1 0.7 14.2 0.7 486 504 -0.94
      N4814-2-6 0.282 879 0.000 011 0.001 891 0.000 051 0.067 577 0.002 224 427.7 3.8 0.6 12.9 0.7 541 578 -0.94
      N4814-2-5 0.282 884 0.000 014 0.002 040 0.000 090 0.062 693 0.002 882 427.5 4.0 0.7 13.0 0.8 536 571 -0.94
      N4814-2-3 0.282 913 0.000 011 0.002 424 0.000 065 0.087 726 0.002 421 427.8 5.0 0.6 13.9 0.7 500 522 -0.93
      N4814-2-8 0.282 907 0.000 010 0.002 129 0.000 018 0.077 695 0.000 617 427.3 4.8 0.6 13.9 0.7 505 527 -0.94
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  谢米斯台西段碱长花岗岩主量元素(%)、微量(10-6)和稀土元素(10-6)分析结果

      Table  3.   Major and trace element contents of alkalic granites in west part of Xiemisitai Mountain

      样品号 H4814-2 H2380-1 H2380-5 H2910-1 样品号 H4814-2 H2380-1 H2380-5 H2910-1
      SiO2 72.32 75.64 74.92 75.02 Yb 2.35 8.04 7.28 7.14
      TiO2 0.32 0.22 0.22 0.21 Lu 0.36 1.21 1.13 1.07
      Al2O3 13.99 12.04 12.41 11.57 Y 20.40 65.60 62.40 61.80
      Fe2O3 1.13 1.56 1.34 1.98 Cr 9.38 12.30 11.30 9.00
      FeO 0.72 1.15 1.07 0.67 Co 3.06 1.32 0.87 1.87
      MnO 0.08 0.08 0.02 0.05 Li 4.43 11.10 8.01 5.70
      MgO 0.49 0.16 0.25 0.21 Rb 148.00 148.00 106.00 128.00
      CaO 0.85 0.12 0.01 0.65 Nb 11.90 28.90 23.80 25.40
      Na2O 3.77 3.56 4.59 3.54 Cs 1.79 1.34 1.15 1.66
      K2O 5.19 4.71 4.28 4.83 Hf 5.93 12.80 11.20 12.50
      P2O5 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.02 Zr 178.00 561.00 455.00 467.00
      H2O+ 0.83 0.61 0.71 0.56 Ta 1.12 1.95 1.57 1.90
      CO2 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.57 Pb 15.30 9.15 8.72 15.10
      Lost 0.77 0.53 0.68 0.87 Th 15.60 14.70 11.30 12.10
      Total 100.58 100.43 100.55 100.75 U 1.38 3.78 3.00 3.48
      A/CNK 1.05 1.08 1.02 0.95 Sc 6.35 4.94 5.46 3.66
      A/NK 1.18 1.10 1.02 1.05 Ba 778.00 71.90 73.50 104.00
      Mg# 42.00 13.00 21.00 19.00 Ni 1.98 2.76 2.53 3.13
      La 28.10 61.80 53.30 46.40 Sr 157.00 24.20 17.40 20.60
      Ce 50.50 120.00 99.40 96.90 V 18.40 8.45 5.14 7.11
      Pr 6.30 16.40 13.50 12.50 ΣREE 146.92 383.73 328.85 314.67
      Nd 22.50 60.90 50.40 47.40 LREE 112.82 272.42 227.18 213.83
      Sm 4.42 12.80 10.30 10.40 HREE 34.10 111.31 101.67 100.84
      Eu 0.970 0.320 0.301 0.320 LREE/HREE 3.31 2.45 2.23 2.12
      Gd 3.85 10.60 8.77 8.55 La/Sm 6.36 4.81 5.17 4.47
      Tb 0.657 2.240 1.780 1.900 Sr/Y 7.68 0.37 0.28 0.33
      Dy 3.26 11.90 10.20 10.50 Rb/Sr 0.95 6.10 6.11 6.23
      Ho 0.734 2.700 2.270 2.320 (La/Yb)N 8.58 5.51 5.25 4.66
      Er 2.09 7.70 6.73 6.51 δEu 0.71 0.08 0.09 0.10
      Tm 0.379 1.290 1.150 1.130 AR 4.05 5.25 6.00 5.35
      注:δEu=[EuN/(Sm+Gd)N]1/2,A/NK=Al2O3/(Na2O+K2O),A/CNK=Al2O3/(CaO+Na2O+K2O),这三者均为摩尔百分比.
      下载: 导出CSV
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