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    晚泥盆世牙形刺及软骨鱼类在西准噶尔塔克台组中的发现及意义

    王志宏 纵瑞文 龚一鸣 王成源

    王志宏, 纵瑞文, 龚一鸣, 王成源, 2015. 晚泥盆世牙形刺及软骨鱼类在西准噶尔塔克台组中的发现及意义. 地球科学, 40(3): 588-596. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.046
    引用本文: 王志宏, 纵瑞文, 龚一鸣, 王成源, 2015. 晚泥盆世牙形刺及软骨鱼类在西准噶尔塔克台组中的发现及意义. 地球科学, 40(3): 588-596. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.046
    Wang Zhihong, Zong Ruiwen, Gong Yiming, Wang Chengyuan, 2015. Late Devonian Conodonts and Chondrichthyes from TaketaiFormation in Western Junggar, NW China. Earth Science, 40(3): 588-596. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.046
    Citation: Wang Zhihong, Zong Ruiwen, Gong Yiming, Wang Chengyuan, 2015. Late Devonian Conodonts and Chondrichthyes from TaketaiFormation in Western Junggar, NW China. Earth Science, 40(3): 588-596. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.046

    晚泥盆世牙形刺及软骨鱼类在西准噶尔塔克台组中的发现及意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.046
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目“西准噶尔克拉玛依后山地区三维地质调查试点” 1212011220245

    新疆1∶25万铁厂沟镇幅(L45C002001)与克拉玛依市幅(L45C003001)区调修测项目 1212011120502

    国家自然科学基金项目 41290260

    国家自然科学基金项目 41072252

    高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金项目 20120145110012

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王志宏(1988-),男,博士研究生,古生物学与地层学专业.E-mail: cugwzh@gmail.com

      通讯作者:

      龚一鸣,E-mail: ymgong@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P52

    Late Devonian Conodonts and Chondrichthyes from TaketaiFormation in Western Junggar, NW China

    • 摘要: 新疆西准噶尔哈拉也门地区原有一套地层划分为下石炭统和布克河组,岩性组合与标准剖面差异较大,因此,新建塔克台组.在该组参考剖面TK01第3层含化石的灰岩透镜体中,发现了少量非常重要的浅水相牙形刺,包括3属6种1未定种:Icriodus alternatus alternatusIcriodus cornutusIcriodus expansusPolygnathus krestovnikoviPolygnathus procerusPolygnathus makhlinaeAncyrognathus sp.,与这些牙形刺共生的还有软骨鱼类化石Protacrodus sp.和Phoebodus sp..该化石组合表明,新建的塔克台组的时代为晚泥盆世法门期早期.

       

    • 图  1  西准噶尔及邻区地层区划与研究区位置

      纵瑞文等(2015)修改

      Fig.  1.  Sketch showing stratigraphic regionalization in western Junggar and its adjacent regions as well as location of the study area

      图  2  新疆额敏林场地区地质简图及采样位置

      Fig.  2.  Geological sketch map and sampling location in Emin forestry centre region, Xinjiang of NW China

      图  3  西准噶尔哈拉也门煤矿上泥盆统塔克台组上段实测地层剖面TK01

      纵瑞文等(2015)修改

      Fig.  3.  The measured stratigraphic section of the Upper Devonian Taketai Formation in Halayemen coal mine, western Junggar (TK01)

      图  4  代表性牙形刺及软脊鱼类化石

      图版Ⅰ

      Fig.  4.  Representative conodont and chondrichthyes fossils

      图  5  西准噶尔上泥盆统塔克台组牙形刺化石的时代

      Fig.  5.  Sketch showing the age range of the Upper Devonian conodonts found from the Taketai Formation in western Junggar, NW China

      表  1  塔克台组上段岩性与分层描述

      Table  1.   Lithology and stratigraphy of Upper Devonian Taketai Formation

      未见顶
      上泥盆统塔克台组上段(D3tkb)总厚度355.6 m
      12.黑色劣质煤层,夹中细粒砂岩薄层或透镜体.2.5 m
      11.灰白、灰黄色厚-巨厚层含砾粗砂岩、细砾岩,夹少量青灰色中粗粒砂岩,含大量的植物茎干化石.43.8 m
      10.黑色劣质煤层.18.4 m
      9.灰黄色中-厚层中粗粒砂岩,夹少量细砾岩,含较多的植物碎片化石.13.4 m
      8.灰黄色中粗粒砂岩,岩石较破碎.10.2 m
      7.灰黄、黄绿色薄-中层状中细粒砂岩,夹少量灰色泥质粉砂岩,含丰富的腕足类、腹足类等碎片化石.9.1 m
      6.灰-青灰色、灰绿色中-厚层凝灰质粉-细砂岩,底部为一套含砾粗砂岩,夹少量中粗粒砂岩,含腹足类化石.18.9 m
      5.灰-灰绿色中-厚层凝灰质中细粒砂岩与黄绿色薄-中层状泥质粉砂岩不均匀互层,含腕足类、双壳类、腹足类等化石.29.9 m
      4.灰-青灰色中-厚层状凝灰质细砂岩,夹少量泥质粉砂岩,含大量的海相动物化石.102.6 m
      3.灰-青灰、灰绿色凝灰质粉-细砂岩,夹灰岩透镜体,含腕足类、双壳类、鹦鹉螺亚纲角石类及少量植物碎片化石,处理得到微体化石有牙形刺:Icriodus alternatus alternatusIcriodus cornutusIcriodus expansusIcriodus spp.、PolygnathuskrestovnikoviPolygnathus makhlinaePolygnathus procerusPolygnathus spp.、Ancyrognathus sp.,软骨鱼类:Prota-crodus sp.、Phoebodus sp..47.4 m
      2.浅灰-灰色中-厚层细砂岩,夹少量灰岩透镜体.12.9 m
      1.灰-浅灰、灰褐、灰绿色薄-中层状凝灰质粉-细砂岩、泥质粉砂岩,夹一层厚约5 cm的浅灰色凝灰质粉砂岩,其中含丰富的三叶虫、腕足类、海百合茎、腹足类、苔藓虫、珊瑚、植物茎干及遗迹化石.46.5 m
      =============断层============
      上泥盆统塔克台组上段(D3tkb)
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  图 4牙形刺及软骨鱼类产出层位

      Table  2.   Output layer of conodont and chondrichthyes of Fig. 4

      化石 产出层位
      牙形刺
      a.Icriodus alternatus alternatus 口视,西准噶尔哈拉也门塔克台组上段TK01实测剖面第3层,晚泥盆世,登记号TK01-3-001.
      b.Icriodus cornutus 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-002.
      c.Icriodus expansus 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-003.
      d.Polygnathus krestovnikovi 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-011.
      e.Polygnathus makhlinae 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-012.
      f.Polygnathus procerus 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-013.
      g.Ancyrognathus sp. 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-021.
      h~i.Polygnathus spp. 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-014,TK01-3-015.
      j~l.Icriodus spp. 口视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-004,TK01-3-005,TK01-3-006.
      软骨鱼类
      m.Protacrodus sp. 侧视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-031.
      n.Phoebodus sp. 侧视,产地层位同上,登记号TK01-3-032.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2014-07-22
    • 刊出日期:  2015-03-15

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