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    云南迪庆5.9级地震构造背景、深部流变结构与发震机制

    贺赤诚 李献瑞 王杰 曾佐勋

    贺赤诚, 李献瑞, 王杰, 曾佐勋, 2015. 云南迪庆5.9级地震构造背景、深部流变结构与发震机制. 地球科学, 40(10): 1653-1666. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.149
    引用本文: 贺赤诚, 李献瑞, 王杰, 曾佐勋, 2015. 云南迪庆5.9级地震构造背景、深部流变结构与发震机制. 地球科学, 40(10): 1653-1666. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.149
    He Chicheng, Li Xianrui, Wang Jie, Zeng Zuoxun, 2015. Seism-Tectonic Background, Deep Rheological Structure and Triggering Mechanism of Diqing Earthquake (Ms 5.9), Yunnan. Earth Science, 40(10): 1653-1666. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.149
    Citation: He Chicheng, Li Xianrui, Wang Jie, Zeng Zuoxun, 2015. Seism-Tectonic Background, Deep Rheological Structure and Triggering Mechanism of Diqing Earthquake (Ms 5.9), Yunnan. Earth Science, 40(10): 1653-1666. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.149

    云南迪庆5.9级地震构造背景、深部流变结构与发震机制

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.149
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金重点项目 41230206

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      贺赤诚(1991-), 男, 博士, 主要从事区域构造和地震构造研究.E-mail: 357524730@qq.com

      通讯作者:

      曾佐勋, E-mail: zuoxun.zeng@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P315

    Seism-Tectonic Background, Deep Rheological Structure and Triggering Mechanism of Diqing Earthquake (Ms 5.9), Yunnan

    • 摘要: 2013年8月31日8时4分, 云南省迪庆藏族自治州香格里拉县(28.12°N, 99.4°E)发生5.9级地震, 震源深度10 km.区域范围内历史地震频繁, 为滇西北地震多发区.据震源机制解结果, 此次地震为正断兼左旋走滑型地震, NW向截面产状与德钦-香格里拉-中甸断裂基本吻合.利用EIGEN-6C2模型对震中附近进行布格重力异常探讨, 震源位置位于莫霍面起伏部位, 下部地壳厚度不稳定之处; 而从P波速度与地壳结构剖面可知研究区上地壳底部存在低速层, 认为韧性低速层与地震能量的积聚和存储关系密切.而韧性低速(高导)层与德钦-中甸断裂交接部位, 是流变界面能量释放的位置, 即本次地震的震源位置.这为板内地震3层次构造模式提供了一个新的案例.

       

    • 图  1  云南迪庆地震活动构造背景

      F1.实皆断裂;F2.高黎贡断裂;F3.澜沧江断裂;F4.德钦-中甸断裂;F5.金沙江断裂;F6.甘孜-理塘断裂;F7.丽江-木里断裂;Ⅰ.印度陆块;Ⅱ.羌塘陆块(Ⅱ1.左贡地块;Ⅱ2.昌都地块);Ⅲ.甘孜地块;Ⅳ.滇中地块;图b据刘俊来等(2011)修改

      Fig.  1.  The active structure background of Diqing earthquake in Yunnan Province

      图  2  迪庆地震震区等震线分布

      据云南、四川地震局公开数据修改

      Fig.  2.  Distribution of isoseismal zone about Diqing earthquake

      图  3  迪庆及其邻区构造应力场分布

      修编自钱晓东等(2011),震源机制解引自Havard CMT(http://www.globalcmt.org/CMTsearch.html)

      Fig.  3.  Distribution of tectonic stress field in and around Diqing area

      图  4  滇西北及邻区2-638阶次卫星重力异常(单位:mGal)

      采用了2003—2010年的GRACE重力卫星跟踪数据,25年LAGEOS卫星激光测距数据以及2009—2011年的GOCE卫星观测数据.参考半径6 378 km.采用EIGEN-6C2模型(Förste et al., 2012, http://icgem.gfz-potsdam.de/ICGEM/).将该模型计算到2-638阶次,可以有效反映10 km深度地壳物质密度分布情况;等值线间隔:20 mGal

      Fig.  4.  The satellite gravity anomalies of 2-638 order in Northwest Yunnan Province and its adjacent region

      图  5  香格里拉-木里P波速度与地壳结构剖面

      图中虚线为低速体,速度单位km/s,修编自马宏生等(2008)

      Fig.  5.  The Shangrila-Muli profile of P wave velocity and crustal structure

      图  6  香格里拉-木里P波速度结构和发震构造综合解释

      F2.高黎贡断裂;F3.澜沧江断裂;F4.德钦-中甸断裂;F6.甘孜-理塘断裂;F7.丽江-木里断裂;速度单位km/s,修编自马宏生(2007)

      Fig.  6.  Comprehensive geophysical interpretation profile of P wave velocity structure and seismogenic structure along Shangrila-Muli

      表  1  本次地震震源机制结果

      Table  1.   Results of mechanism solutions of earthquake

      节面Ⅰ 节面Ⅱ P轴 T轴 N轴
      ΦS δ λ ΦS δ λ AZ PL AZ PL AZ PL
      97° 42° -95° 284° 48° -85° 237° 85° 11° 101°
      注:ΦS.走向;δ.倾角;λ.滑动角;AZ.方位角;PL.倾角.
      下载: 导出CSV
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