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    对流层大气甲烷浓度对地震活动的响应

    王杰 李献瑞 贺赤诚 曾佐勋

    王杰, 李献瑞, 贺赤诚, 曾佐勋, 2015. 对流层大气甲烷浓度对地震活动的响应. 地球科学, 40(10): 1677-1688. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.151
    引用本文: 王杰, 李献瑞, 贺赤诚, 曾佐勋, 2015. 对流层大气甲烷浓度对地震活动的响应. 地球科学, 40(10): 1677-1688. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.151
    Wang Jie, Li Xianrui, He Chicheng, Zeng Zuoxun, 2015. Methane Concentration Responses Associated with the Seismic Activity in Atmospheric Troposphere. Earth Science, 40(10): 1677-1688. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.151
    Citation: Wang Jie, Li Xianrui, He Chicheng, Zeng Zuoxun, 2015. Methane Concentration Responses Associated with the Seismic Activity in Atmospheric Troposphere. Earth Science, 40(10): 1677-1688. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.151

    对流层大气甲烷浓度对地震活动的响应

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2015.151
    基金项目: 

    中国地震局"三结合"课题 151701

    教育部三峡库区地质灾害研究中心开放基金 TGRC201004

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王杰(1981-), 男, 博士, 主要从事构造地质学及地震监测工作.E-mail: eqwangjie@qq.com

    • 中图分类号: P315.7

    Methane Concentration Responses Associated with the Seismic Activity in Atmospheric Troposphere

    • 摘要: 根据气候要素的特征周期, 利用小波分析方法, 从大气对流层甲烷体积混合比产品中分解、识别并去除气候和人为因素对应甲烷浓度变化分量, 从而提取出地质活动所引起的甲烷异常幅值变化信息.在此基础上, 以龙门山和玉树地区为例, 研究了甲烷异常幅值与地震活动间的关系.研究表明: 甲烷异常幅值与地震活动存在明显的对应关系; 龙门山地区3年间(2004—2006年)共出现甲烷异常峰值13次, 玉树地区2年间(2004—2005年)共出现14次; 其中21次(78%)甲烷异常峰值与地震峰值出现的时间间隔不超过2个月; 两个研究区的间隔天数随时间演化非常同步, 均呈现先降后升的规律; 龙门山地区异常增幅与地震能量峰值存在明显的正相关关系, 而玉树地区则不存在.最后, 初步探讨了甲烷异常产生和变化的原因, 认为地源甲烷来源于壳-幔流体的上涌; 其值的波动与韧性流变层中地质流体的存储状态及中上地壳"微破裂"、"破裂链"的发育过程有密切关系.

       

    • 图  1  研究区范围及地震震中分布

      a.龙门山地区(2004年1月1日—2006年12月31日);b.玉树地区(2004年1月1日—2005年12月31日);地震目录来源于中国地震台网中心(CENC)

      Fig.  1.  Longmenshan and Yushu areas and their epicenter distribution

      图  2  龙门山和玉树地区对流层甲烷浓度小波分解

      a~c.龙门山地区;d~f.玉树地区;a,d.对流层甲烷浓度原始信号;b, e.小波分解第6层尺度信号;c, f.第3层细节信号

      Fig.  2.  Wavelet analysis of methane concentration signal of Longmenshan and Yushu area

      图  3  地源甲烷异常幅值与地震活动性

      a,c.龙门山和玉树地区地震释放能量的时间序列;b,d.龙门山和玉树地区地源甲烷异常幅值;L1~13和Y1~14为异常幅度峰值编号;箭头所指为与甲烷异常所对应的地震活动高峰期

      Fig.  3.  Geological methane concentration change and seismic activity

      图  4  甲烷异常峰值和地震能量峰值时间差

      负值表示地源甲烷异常峰值出现在地震高峰之后;两研究区时间差演化非常同步,但玉树地区时间差波动范围较小,而龙门山地区波动范围较大

      Fig.  4.  Time difference of the methane anomaly and seismic energy peak value

      图  5  甲烷异常增幅与地震能量峰值的关系

      龙门山地区呈明显的正相关关系,而玉树地区不明显

      Fig.  5.  The relation of methane anomaly increases and seismic energy peak value

      表  1  小波分解细节信号的特征周期

      Table  1.   The characteristic periods of wavelet decomposition detail signals

      小波信号 细节信号特征周期(d) 气候要素周期(d)
      龙门山地区 玉树地区
      d4 24.4 21.3 约20
      d5 41.0 46.5 约45
      d6 93.1 102.4 约100
      d6 170.6 170.5 约180
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  甲烷异常和地震活动的峰值统计

      Table  2.   The peak value of methane anomaly and seismic activity

      地区 研究区峰值编号 地震活动 甲烷异常 时间差(d)
      日期 峰值(logE) 日期 峰值(10-10) 增幅
      龙门山地区 L01 20040329 10.20 20040619 5.47 54% -82
      L02 20040616 11.70 20040929 11.65 229% -105
      L03 20040826 12.30 20041228 12.78 261% -124
      L04 20050104 12.00 20050305 11.94 237% -60
      L05 20050227 9.60 20050605 5.53 56% -98
      L06 20050606 10.35 20050820 12.74 260% -75
      L07 20050903 10.60 20051029 6.16 74% -56
      L08 20051030 11.85 20060111 10.71 203% -73
      L09 20060102 11.10 20060218 10.70 202% -47
      L10 20060326 11.85 20060426 9.45 167% -31
      L11 20060620 12.75 20060718 13.86 292% -28
      L12 20060916 11.29 20060912 7.66 116% 4
      L13 20061225 11.40 20061120 10.01 183% 35
      玉树地区 Y01 20040204 10.65 20040127 13.64 211% 8
      Y02 20040509 9.90 20040424 16.48 275% 15
      Y03 20040616 10.08 20040601 11.07 152% 15
      Y04 20040703 9.75 20040630 9.10 107% 3
      Y05 20040923 11.10 20040825 15.16 245% 29
      Y06 20041007 10.35 20041008 10.14 131% -1
      Y07 20041025 9.75 20041111 7.71 76% -17
      Y08 20041216 10.50 20050109 13.70 212% -24
      Y09 20050124 10.80 20050310 13.16 200% -45
      Y10 20050610 10.65 20050621 8.37 91% -11
      Y11 20050706 10.20 20050718 8.75 99% -12
      Y12 20050829 10.95 20050819 15.31 249% 10
      Y13 20051017 10.05 20050924 8.29 89% 23
      Y14 20051223 9.75 20051129 12.22 178% 24
      注:增幅是指峰值超出地源甲烷浓度均值的百分比;时间差中的“-”表示地源甲烷浓度峰值出现在地震高峰之后.
      下载: 导出CSV
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