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    四川盆地西南中二叠统白云岩的地球化学特征及其成因

    韩晓涛 鲍征宇 谢淑云

    韩晓涛, 鲍征宇, 谢淑云, 2016. 四川盆地西南中二叠统白云岩的地球化学特征及其成因. 地球科学, 41(1): 167-176. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.013
    引用本文: 韩晓涛, 鲍征宇, 谢淑云, 2016. 四川盆地西南中二叠统白云岩的地球化学特征及其成因. 地球科学, 41(1): 167-176. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.013
    Han Xiaotao, Bao Zhengyu, Xie Shuyun, 2016. Origin and Geochemical Characteristics of Dolomites in the Middle Permian Formation, SW Sichuan Basin, China. Earth Science, 41(1): 167-176. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.013
    Citation: Han Xiaotao, Bao Zhengyu, Xie Shuyun, 2016. Origin and Geochemical Characteristics of Dolomites in the Middle Permian Formation, SW Sichuan Basin, China. Earth Science, 41(1): 167-176. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.013

    四川盆地西南中二叠统白云岩的地球化学特征及其成因

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.013
    基金项目: 

    国家“973计划”项目 2012CB214802

    国家重大专项 2011ZX05005-002

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      韩晓涛(1987-),男,硕士,从事地球化学方向研究.E-mail: hxtcug@126.com

      通讯作者:

      鲍征宇, E-mail: zybao@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P59

    Origin and Geochemical Characteristics of Dolomites in the Middle Permian Formation, SW Sichuan Basin, China

    • 摘要: 白云岩储层是碳酸盐岩油气领域的研究热点.在分析白云岩优质储层孔-洞-缝演化过程中,白云岩成因是重要的研究内容.以四川盆地西南间断出露的中二叠统栖霞组地层为研究对象,采用岩相学、X粉晶衍射及地球化学方法,讨论白云岩成因.白云岩野外发育于断裂破碎带周围,透镜状产出,多呈斑马纹状构造.显微镜下白云石鉴定为鞍状白云石.此外,白云岩具有较高的白云石有序度,地球化学特征则表现为明显偏负的氧同位素值和高锶同位素值.综合地质资料分析,白云岩为构造热液白云岩化成因.

       

    • 图  1  四川盆地西南张村地区地质图及采样路线

      据峨眉幅H-48-(20);其中右上角为四川盆地构造分区图(据王春梅(2011)郭维(2012)整理)

      Fig.  1.  Zhangcun geological map in SW of Sichuan basin and sampling route, and the structural units of Sichuan basin

      图  2  四川盆地西南张村地区综合柱状图

      Fig.  2.  Generalized stratigraphic column for Zhangcun, SW of Sichuan basin

      图  3  四川盆地西南张村野外典型岩石现象

      a.生物碎屑灰岩,发育珊瑚、介形虫、腕足,生物碎屑呈破碎状(ZC-P2q-8);b.深灰色中细晶白云岩,发育斑纹状构造,乳白色鞍状白云石脉(0.3 cm×4.0 cm)穿切白云岩,脉体内部留剩余空间(ZC-P2q-6);c.围岩为深灰色中细晶白云岩,围岩呈机械性破碎状,乳白色极粗晶鞍状白云石脉(长5~6 cm,宽约1 cm)穿切白云岩,自行石英晶簇(0.5 cm×0.5 cm×1 cm) (ZC-P2q-12);d.灰白色中粗晶白云岩,呈砂糖状,孔隙发育(ZC-P2q-4);e.构造破碎带(ZC-P2q-12);f.构造破碎带局部放大,围岩为深灰色中细晶白云岩,白色矿物为鞍状白云石(ZC-P2q-12);g.围岩为深灰色中细晶白云岩,机械性孔隙,显示脆性破裂过程,乳白色鞍状白云石脉体穿切围岩,自形石英晶簇位于破碎晶洞内部,岩石相应的孔隙度和渗透率会增大(ZC-P2q-16);h.围岩为深灰色中细晶白云岩,白云石晶间焦沥青代表有机质因热蚀变发生的强迫成熟和过成熟(ZC-P2q-15)

      Fig.  3.  Photographs of field investigation from middle Permian Formation, Zhangcun, SW of Sichuan basin

      图  4  四川盆地西南张村碳酸盐岩显微薄片

      a.生屑灰岩,生屑有腹足类、珊瑚等,生屑多为亮晶方解石,粒间为泥晶胶结,孔隙不发育,栖霞组,单偏光(ZC-P2q-10);b.中-细晶白云岩(MD1),晶体大小在200 μm以下,后期充填有鞍形白云石脉体(SD).鞍形白云石形态明显,脉体顺缝壁向中心生长,剩余空间少,栖霞组,单偏光(ZC-P2q-18);c.中-粗晶白云岩,可分出中晶基质白云岩(MD1) 及粗晶、巨晶基质白云岩(MD2),晶体呈非平直晶面半自形晶,晶体表明较脏,栖霞组,单偏光(ZC-P2q-12);d.中-粗晶白云岩,与c为同一视域,波状消光,正交偏光(ZC-P2q-12);e.鞍状白云石,晶体大小0.5 mm×1 mm,呈鞍状、叶片状,双晶纹弯曲,栖霞组,单偏光(ZC-P2q-19);f.鞍状白云石,与e为同一视域,波状消光,栖霞组,正交偏光(ZC-P2q-19)

      Fig.  4.  Thin-section photographs from middle Permian Formation, Zhangcun, SW of Sichuan basin

      图  5  四川盆地不同地区中二叠统碳酸盐岩碳-氧同位素关系

      川西南张村为本研究;川中广参2井据陈轩等(2012);川北峡沟煤矿剖面据舒晓辉等(2012);二叠纪同期海水据Korte et al.(2005)

      Fig.  5.  Stable isotope values for samples from middle Permian Formation, Sichuan basin

      图  6  四川盆地不同地区二叠统高温白云岩和低温白云岩碳氧同位素关系

      川西南张村为本研究;川西南钻井(汉深1井及周公1井)据陈轩等(2013);川中广参2井据陈轩等(2012);川北峡沟煤矿剖面据舒晓辉等(2012);汉深1井、川北矿2井和川北长江沟剖面据王春梅(2011)

      Fig.  6.  Stable isotope values for dolomites from Permian Formation, Sichuan basin

      图  7  四川盆地不同地区中二叠统碳酸盐岩锶-氧同位素关系(a)和锶同位素比值随地质时代的变化曲线(b)

      川西南张村为本研究;川中广参2井据陈轩等(2012);川西南钻井(汉深1井及周公1井)据陈轩等(2013)

      Fig.  7.  Sr isotopes vs. δ18OPDB for samples from middle Permian Formation, Sichuan basin (a) and Sr isotopes data from study samples with the Sr isotopic line of seawater between 200-300 Ma

      图  8  川西南张村中二叠统构造热液白云岩化模式

      Davies and Smith (2006)整理

      Fig.  8.  The model of hydrothermal dolomite from middle Permian Formation, Zhangcun, SW of Sichuan basin

      表  1  四川盆地西南张村中二叠统碳酸盐岩碳、氧、锶同位素地球化学综合数据

      Table  1.   The data for C, O, Sr isotopes from middle Permian Formation, Zhangcun, SW of Sichuan basin

      样品号 岩性描述 87Sr/86Sr δ18OPDB(‰) δ13CPDB(‰)
      ZC-P2q-18 深灰色中-细晶白云岩 0.709 305±4 -10.14 3.26
      ZC-P2q-17-SD 乳白色鞍形白云石 0.708 828±5 -11.82 3.81
      ZC-P2q-15(2) 深灰色细晶白云岩 0.708 010±9 -10.22 4.07
      ZC-P2q-15(1) 深灰色细晶白云岩 0.708 128±3 -11.50 4.48
      ZC-P2q-15-SD 乳白色鞍形白云石 - -11.48 4.58
      ZC-P2q-14 灰质白云岩 0.707 237±3 -9.68 4.42
      ZC-P2q-13 生物碎屑灰岩 0.707 159±6 -8.63 3.61
      ZC-P2q-13CF 生物碎屑灰岩 0.707 145±4 -8.58 3.52
      ZC-P2q-12(2) 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 0.708 299±6 -12.16 3.84
      ZC-P2q-12(1) 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 0.708 308±5 -12.25 4.03
      ZC-P2q-12CF 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 - -12.41 4.22
      ZC-P2q-12-SD 乳白色鞍形白云石 0.710 464±4 -11.87 4.00
      ZC-P2q-10 生物碎屑灰岩 0.707 295±6 -6.98 4.12
      ZC-P2q-8 生物碎屑灰岩 0.707 272±5 -8.58 4.45
      ZC-P2q-6-SD 乳白色鞍形白云石 - -11.06 4.03
      ZC-P2q-6(2) 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 0.711 259±6 -11.18 3.99
      ZC-P2q-6(1) 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 0.711 060±9 -11.15 3.94
      ZC-P2q-5 生物碎屑灰岩 0.707 315±4 -8.62 4.19
      ZC-P2q-4-SD2 乳白色鞍形白云石 0.711 515±5 -10.83 3.96
      ZC-P2q-4-SD1 乳白色鞍形白云石 0.712 303±4 -11.08 3.94
      ZC-P2q-4(2) 深灰色中-细晶白云岩 0.710 439±7 -11.13 3.93
      ZC-P2q-4(1) 深灰色中-细晶白云岩 0.709 951±6 -11.23 3.74
      ZC-P2q-3 灰白色中-粗晶白云岩 - -10.81 3.63
      注:ZC.张村;CF.重复样;-.未测.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2015-08-10
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