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    黔西南卡林型金矿剥蚀程度评价

    骆地伟 姚书振 王成相 焕超 季国松

    骆地伟, 姚书振, 王成相, 焕超, 季国松, 2016. 黔西南卡林型金矿剥蚀程度评价. 地球科学, 41(2): 199-217. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.016
    引用本文: 骆地伟, 姚书振, 王成相, 焕超, 季国松, 2016. 黔西南卡林型金矿剥蚀程度评价. 地球科学, 41(2): 199-217. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.016
    Luo Diwei, Yao Shuzhen, Wang Chengxiang, Zhang Huanchao, Ji Guosong, 2016. Evaluation of Denudation Degree of Carlin-Type Gold Deposits in Southwest Guizhou Province. Earth Science, 41(2): 199-217. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.016
    Citation: Luo Diwei, Yao Shuzhen, Wang Chengxiang, Zhang Huanchao, Ji Guosong, 2016. Evaluation of Denudation Degree of Carlin-Type Gold Deposits in Southwest Guizhou Province. Earth Science, 41(2): 199-217. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.016

    黔西南卡林型金矿剥蚀程度评价

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.016
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 No.12120113094200

    贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局项目 No.200814

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      骆地伟 (1982-),男,博士生,主要从事区域成矿规律、成矿预测研究

      通讯作者:

      姚书振,E-mail: szyao@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Evaluation of Denudation Degree of Carlin-Type Gold Deposits in Southwest Guizhou Province

    • 摘要: 对黔西南卡林型金矿集区开展矿田、矿床 (点) 剥蚀程度研究,能为新一轮找矿勘查布局提供有力支撑.以热液渗滤晕分带理论为指导,依据区内金矿床原生晕在空间中存在分带性以及次生异常与金矿床在地表呈现总体无偏特征,构建了大区域尺度量纲中能总体反映成矿元素分散流与原生晕共性特征的元素分带序列,计算了基于序列中元素区域化探扫面数据多重分形奇异性分析的前缘元素与尾部元素地球化学强度“对比值”,研制了矿田及其附近以“对比值”数据结构为主体的“低-浅-中-高”4个级别剥蚀程度定量评价指标,并结合实地地质特征开展综合评价工作.给出区内10个矿田和15个主要金矿床 (点) 的剥蚀程度评价结果,总体显示出右江区矿田剥蚀程度低于扬子区,泥堡、紫木凼、水银洞、丫他、烂泥沟等中-特大型金矿床剥蚀程度皆为低-浅剥蚀,而资源量相对较小的板其、戈塘、老万场等金矿床剥蚀程度普遍偏高.在此基础上,通过戈塘与水银洞金矿的进一步地质比对,论证了评价结果逼进了勘查事实并可以扩展到区内有一定勘查程度的地区.此外,对评价结果的分析表明,“对比值”异常是寻求找矿突破和现有矿床 (点) 深部成矿预测的主要评价指标之一,对找矿勘查有重要指示作用.据此初步提出水银洞金矿床及其以东的深部、戈塘金矿床北西二叠系与三叠系接触带附近、上大观矿点深部等14处深部找矿潜力较大的地区.

       

    • 图  1  黔西南卡林型金矿集区大地构造位置

      A-Ⅰ.黔西南扬子区;A-Ⅱ.黔西南右江区;据马丽芳等 (2002)编制

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic location of Carlin-type gold deposits concentrated area in southwest Guizhou Province

      图  2  黔西南卡林型金矿集区矿产地质图

      马丽芳等 (2002)韩至钧等 (1999)王砚耕等 (1995)王亮等 (2009)吴德超等 (2003)和贵州地矿局 (兴仁、安龙、罗甸和盘县4个1:20万图幅矿调资料,1980) 综合编制

      Fig.  2.  Geological sketch of the Carlin-type gold deposits concentrated area in southwest Guizhou Province

      图  3  黔西南地区典型卡林型金矿床勘探线剖面

      a.烂泥沟金矿8号勘探线剖面;b.丫他金矿32号勘探线剖面;c.板其金矿27号勘探线剖面;d.紫木凼金矿32号勘探线剖面;e.水银洞金矿勘探线剖面;f.戈塘金矿勘3号探线剖面;g.泥堡金矿二龙抢宝段勘探线剖面;P1m.下二叠统茅口组;P2w-c.上二叠统吴家坪-长兴组;P2β.上二叠统峨眉山玄武岩组;P2dc.上二叠统大厂组;Sbt.构造蚀变体;P2l1-3.上二叠统龙潭组1~3段;T1y.下三叠统夜郎组;T2g.中三叠统关岭组;T2xm.中三叠统许满组;T2nl.中三叠统尼罗组;T2by.中三叠统边阳组;图e据刘建中等(2006)修编;图a,b,c,d和f据韩至钧等(1999)修编

      Fig.  3.  Prospecting line profile sketch of typical Carlin-type gold deposits in southwest Guizhou Province

      图  4  黔西南卡林型金矿集区地形地貌

      数字高程模型及剖面通过Global Mapper软件在线获取的黔西南地区高程数据创建;矿田位置及其范围据吴德超等 (2003)韩至钧等 (1999)

      Fig.  4.  Topography sketch of the Carlin-type gold deposits concentrated area in southwest Guizhou Province

      图  5  通过遥感影像获取的水系 (a) 与Au元素次生异常叠合 (b)

      Fig.  5.  Spatial superimposed sketchs of the river systems obtained by remote sensing images (a) and Au secondary anomaly (b)

      图  6  次生晕分带评价值综合结果

      a.前缘晕 (As-Hg-Sb) 奇异指数第一主成分得分;b.矿体晕 (Au) 奇异指数;c.矿尾晕 (Wo-Sn-Mo) 奇异指数第一主成分得分;d.次生晕分带评价值 (前缘晕/矿尾晕)

      Fig.  6.  Comprehensive results of evaluation values of secondary halo zoning

      图  7  典型矿床次生晕分带评价值投点对比

      Fig.  7.  Comparison of evaluation values of secondary halo zoning among typical ore deposits

      图  8  前缘元素异常中的次生晕分带评价值异常

      Ⅰ.灰家堡;Ⅱ.戈塘;Ⅲ.泥堡;Ⅳ.雄武;Ⅴ.大厂;Ⅵ.归顺;Ⅶ.芹菜坪;Ⅷ.赖子山;Ⅸ.丫-板-百;Ⅹ.望谟

      Fig.  8.  Anomaly evaluation values of secondary halo zoning of the front halo elements anomalies

      表  1  成矿元素最大方差旋转因子解

      Table  1.   Varimax rotated factor solution of the ore-forming elements

      元素 主成分
      F1 F2 F3
      Co 0.948 0.062 0.149
      Cu 0.938 -0.059 0.195
      Cr 0.903 0.158 0.145
      Ni 0.901 0.260 0.209
      Zn 0.666 0.441 0.399
      Sn 0.539 0.532 0.229
      Mo 0.503 0.418 0.461
      Ba 0.403 -0.538 -0.152
      Pb 0.381 0.770 0.293
      As 0.338 0.416 0.711
      Sb 0.264 0.244 0.811
      F 0.259 0.762 0.099
      Au 0.248 -0.122 0.666
      W 0.130 0.549 0.586
      Hg 0.048 0.215 0.718
      Bi 0.044 0.817 0.294
      Ag -0.006 0.275 0.452
      注:KMO=0.910;对应特征值8.006、2.684、1.291.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  黔西南卡林型金矿集区矿田和主要金矿床 (点) 剥蚀程度评价结果汇总统计

      Table  2.   Evaluation of denudation degree of the ore fields and the main gold deposits (occurrences) in Carlin-type gold deposits concentrated area in southwest Guizhou Province

      构造位置矿田主体级别剥蚀程度低-浅剥蚀区矿床 (点)所在级别剥蚀程度矿体剥离程度
      前缘晕矿体晕矿尾晕评价值数据指标综合推断存在前缘晕矿体晕矿尾晕评价值数据指标综合推断
      扬子地台灰家堡西区10~1310~138~1110~11紫木凼912610小部分
      东区9~127~98~1010~13水银洞1271110隐伏
      戈塘9~1210~139~123~8中-高中-高戈塘1213123大部分
      泥堡9~1010~117~99~11中-浅泥堡81169部分
      铁厂坳138813半隐伏
      雄武10~129~129~114~7中-高中-高雄武117612半隐伏
      大厂9~1210~1310~114~8中-高老万场1212117大部分
      归顺9~1110~128~116~11中-浅中-浅砂锅场91179部分
      芹菜坪9~1210~118~107~10中-浅中-浅芹菜坪1011710少量
      右江褶皱带赖子山西区8~119~117~98~11中-低中-低庆坪911611
      中区9~1010~1210~122~5中-高
      东区10~1111~135~910~12浅-低烂泥沟1212912浅-低少量
      丫-板-百丫他矿区10~1112~135~710~12丫他1113512部分
      板其北区11~1210~137~910~12
      板其南区9~1111~138~106~8板其1113108大部分
      百地矿区10~1311~139~1110~13百地12121010小部分
      望谟岜赖地区7~1010~1110~122~4
      乐康地区7~910~116~99~13中-浅中-浅
      上大观地区10~138~128~1111~13浅-低浅-低上大观138813隐伏
      注:“矿体剥离程度”列中为矿体被剥蚀的可能性.
      下载: 导出CSV
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