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    衡水地区咸水层沉积物粒度及氘氧同位素的古气候指示

    牛宏 梁杏 李静 马斌 葛勤

    牛宏, 梁杏, 李静, 马斌, 葛勤, 2016. 衡水地区咸水层沉积物粒度及氘氧同位素的古气候指示. 地球科学, 41(3): 499-507. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.041
    引用本文: 牛宏, 梁杏, 李静, 马斌, 葛勤, 2016. 衡水地区咸水层沉积物粒度及氘氧同位素的古气候指示. 地球科学, 41(3): 499-507. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.041
    Niu Hong, Liang Xing, Li Jing, Ma Bin, Ge Qin, 2016. Paleoclimate Instruction of Sediment Grain Size and Deuterium-Oxygen Isotope in Saline Stratum of Hengshui. Earth Science, 41(3): 499-507. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.041
    Citation: Niu Hong, Liang Xing, Li Jing, Ma Bin, Ge Qin, 2016. Paleoclimate Instruction of Sediment Grain Size and Deuterium-Oxygen Isotope in Saline Stratum of Hengshui. Earth Science, 41(3): 499-507. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.041

    衡水地区咸水层沉积物粒度及氘氧同位素的古气候指示

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.041
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 41272258

    国家自然科学基金 U1403282

    国家重点基础研究发展计划“973”项目 2010CB428802

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      牛宏(1988-),男,博士研究生,主要研究水文地质方向. E-mail: nrg880607@126.com

      通讯作者:

      梁杏, E-mail: xliang@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P532

    Paleoclimate Instruction of Sediment Grain Size and Deuterium-Oxygen Isotope in Saline Stratum of Hengshui

    • 摘要: 衡水地区的咸水层特征一直备受关注.为了探讨咸水层分布区的沉积环境与咸水形成期的古气候特征,利用钻孔(深度130 m)采集了衡水地区咸水层沉积物,进行了沉积物粒度和粘性土孔隙水氘氧同位素测试.沉积物粒度标准偏差显示,剖面上由深至浅,沉积时期水动力呈由弱到强再到弱的变化趋势,其中水动力强段为90~65 m,为厚层砂砾层.孔隙水TDS和δ18O特征显示在6 m以上受到大气降水和人类活动的影响,并且主要是以淡水灌溉影响为主.剖面上粘性土孔隙水的δ18O在130~90 m平均值为-11.5‰,65~29 m平均值为-12.1‰,23~0 m为-10.6‰,而下部淡水含水层地下水δ18O为-9.8‰,上部咸水含水层地下水δ18O为-8.2‰,粘性土孔隙水δ18O明显偏负于含水层的地下水,反映保存记录了古气候信息.130~90 m,δ18O先增大后减小反映温度先升高后降低;65~29 m,δ18O反映温度偏低的气候特征;23~0 m,δ18O相对比较稳定,总体偏正,反映了全新世为一个相对较为稳定但较高的温度.

       

    • 图  1  河北平原分区及钻孔位置

      张人权等(2013)

      Fig.  1.  Study area and locations of the drilling

      图  2  河北平原地下水流系统示意图

      据张之淦(1987);A.扇地局部水流系统;B.浅层局部水流系统;C.区域水流系统

      Fig.  2.  The schematic map of groundwater flow systems in Hebei Plain

      图  4  粘性土孔隙水各参数随深度变化

      五角星代表本次所测得的含水层地下水δ18O值,空心三角形和圆圈表示处于含水层中的粘性土孔隙水δ18O

      Fig.  4.  Parameters of clay pore water vary with depth

      图  3  沉积物粒度参数随深度变化

      平均粒径上的误差棒长度表示了标准偏差的相对大小

      Fig.  3.  Parameters of sediment grain size vary with depth

      表  1  粘性土孔隙水δ18O、δD

      Table  1.   δ18O and δD of clay pore water

      深度(m) δD‰ δ18O‰
      0.5 -66.8 -8.9
      0.8 -68.3 -9.2
      1.5 -71.1 -9.4
      2.0 -65.7 -8.8
      2.5 -78.1 -10.4
      3.0 -77.1 -10.3
      3.5 -92.4 -12.6
      4.0 -70.1 -9.4
      4.5 -93.6 -12.5
      5.0 -69.8 -9.5
      6.0 -85.8 -11.9
      7.0 -86.8 -11.6
      8.0 -83.3 -11.0
      9.0 -93.5 -12.2
      10.0 -77.4 -10.5
      11.0 -65.9 -8.9
      12.0 -93.5 -12.6
      13.0 -85.9 -11.7
      15.0 -77.3 -10.4
      16.0 -71.1 -9.0
      19.0 -73.6 -9.9
      20.0 -93.6 -12.6
      21.0 -82.6 -10.9
      22.0 -70.3 -9.7
      24.0 -91.5 -12.0
      25.0 -89.3 -11.8
      27.0 -68.9 -9.1
      29.0 -80.8 -10.8
      30.0 -101.9 -13.1
      31.0 -93.4 -12.2
      32.0 -87.9 -11.8
      33.0 -76.9 -9.9
      34.0 -107.8 -14.6
      35.1 -75.7 -9.9
      39.0 -97.2 -13.2
      40.0 -74.2 -9.8
      41.0 -96.7 -13.0
      43.0 -90.7 -11.8
      44.0 -86.1 -11.7
      45.0 -84.7 -11.2
      46.0 -90.3 -12.0
      47.0 -95.3 -12.6
      49.0 -92.1 -12.2
      51.0 -79.6 -10.3
      52.0 -85.7 -11.1
      53.0 -96.4 -12.2
      54.0 -102.8 -13.8
      55.0 -86.3 -11.3
      56.0 -96.0 -12.8
      57.0 -96.2 -12.6
      58.0 -80.3 -10.8
      58.8 -88.3 -11.9
      60.0 -100.0 -13.1
      61.0 -104.7 -13.8
      62.0 -87.1 -12.2
      63.0 -90.0 -12.1
      64.0 -104.5 -14.0
      65.0 -88.1 -12.0
      83.0 -92.3 -12.5
      91.0 -94.7 -12.8
      92.0 -86.7 -11.4
      93.0 -91.7 -11.7
      94.0 -86.1 -11.3
      95.0 -95.9 -12.5
      99.0 -84.7 -10.5
      100.0 -88.1 -10.7
      101.0 -97.6 -12.5
      102.0 -90.9 -11.7
      103.0 -86.4 -11.0
      104.0 -94.1 -12.3
      105.0 -86.8 -11.4
      106.0 -80.7 -10.6
      109.0 -81.0 -10.6
      110.0 -87.4 -11.4
      111.0 -84.6 -11.2
      112.0 -82.0 -10.7
      113.0 -88.9 -11.9
      114.0 -83.7 -11.0
      115.0 -86.3 -11.5
      117.2 -82.6 -10.9
      118.0 -96.7 -13.3
      119.0 -84.5 -11.6
      120.0 -83.5 -11.3
      123.0 -84.4 -11.5
      124.0 -82.5 -11.2
      125.0 -87.0 -11.9
      129.3 -86.8 -11.7
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2015-09-13
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