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    西藏拉抗俄斑岩Cu-Mo矿床含矿斑岩地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Hf同位素组成

    冷秋锋 唐菊兴 郑文宝 王保宏 唐攀 王豪

    冷秋锋, 唐菊兴, 郑文宝, 王保宏, 唐攀, 王豪, 2016. 西藏拉抗俄斑岩Cu-Mo矿床含矿斑岩地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Hf同位素组成. 地球科学, 41(6): 999-1015. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.083
    引用本文: 冷秋锋, 唐菊兴, 郑文宝, 王保宏, 唐攀, 王豪, 2016. 西藏拉抗俄斑岩Cu-Mo矿床含矿斑岩地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Hf同位素组成. 地球科学, 41(6): 999-1015. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.083
    Leng Qiufeng, Tang Juxing, Zheng Wenbao, Wang Baohong, Tang Pan, Wang Hao, 2016. Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Hf Isotopic Compositions of the Ore-Bearing Porphyry in the Lakang'e Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Tibet. Earth Science, 41(6): 999-1015. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.083
    Citation: Leng Qiufeng, Tang Juxing, Zheng Wenbao, Wang Baohong, Tang Pan, Wang Hao, 2016. Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Hf Isotopic Compositions of the Ore-Bearing Porphyry in the Lakang'e Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Tibet. Earth Science, 41(6): 999-1015. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.083

    西藏拉抗俄斑岩Cu-Mo矿床含矿斑岩地球化学、锆石U-Pb年代学及Hf同位素组成

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.083
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 12120114050501

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目 2011CB403103

    中国地质调查局项目 12120113093700

    国家自然科学基金项目 41302060

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      冷秋锋(1986-),男,博士研究生,主要从事矿物学、岩石学、矿床学方面的研究.E-mail: lengqiufeng9@126.com

      通讯作者:

      郑文宝,E-mail: zhengwenbao2009@sina.com

    • 中图分类号: P597

    Geochronology, Geochemistry and Zircon Hf Isotopic Compositions of the Ore-Bearing Porphyry in the Lakang'e Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Tibet

    • 摘要: 拉抗俄Cu-Mo矿床是冈底斯成矿带东段典型的斑岩型矿床,前人对该矿床进行了初步的矿床地球化学研究,但欠缺系统性.在系统的野外地质调查基础上,对拉抗俄斑岩Cu-Mo矿床的含矿斑岩开展了详细的地球化学和年代学研究,旨在精确确定矿床含矿斑岩的成岩年龄、岩石成因及源区特征.岩石地球化学特征显示,含矿花岗闪长斑岩富硅,相对贫镁和钙,SiO2含量为62.51%~72.41%,MgO含量为0.59%~1.30%,CaO含量为0.95%~3.44%;碱含量高,Na2O含量为3.51%~4.75%,K2O含量为3.30%~4.97%;偏铝质或弱的过铝质,A/CNK比值为0.90~1.01;相对富集大离子亲石元素Rb、Ba、Th、U、Sr,明显亏损Nb、Ta、Ti、P、Zr等高场强元素.岩体稀土总量较低,为82.80×10-6~132.09×10-6;富集轻稀土,且轻重稀土分异明显;具有弱的Eu负异常和弱Ce负异常.采用LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb同位素测年技术对含矿花岗闪长斑岩进行定年,岩体成岩年龄为13.58±0.42 Ma,系中新世岩浆活动的产物.锆石εHf(t)值为-3.99~4.49,Hf同位素两阶段模式年龄tDM2为808~1 349 Ma.研究结果显示拉抗俄含矿花岗闪长斑岩具有埃达克岩地球化学特征,其岩浆源区主要来源于新生地壳部分熔融的组分,在岩浆侵位过程中遭受了古老地壳物质的混染,岩石形成于印度-亚洲大陆碰撞造山带的后碰撞伸展构造背景.

       

    • 图  1  冈底斯成矿带地质简图及主要斑岩-矽卡岩矿床分布

      矿床:1.汤不拉;2.亚贵拉;3.沙让;4.洞中拉;5.吹败子;6.弄如日;7.冲木达;8.蒙亚啊;9.哈海岗;10.甲玛;11.驱龙;12.拉抗俄;13.程巴;14.努日;15.克鲁;16.达布;17.厅宫;18.冲江;19.吉如;20.雄村;21.朱诺.SL.南冈底斯;CL.中冈底斯;NL.北冈底斯;BNSZ.班公湖-怒江缝合带;SNMZ.狮泉河-纳木错蛇绿混杂岩带;LMF.洛巴堆-米拉山断裂带;IYZSZ.印度河-雅鲁藏布江缝合带;底图据Zheng et al.(2014)修改

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch of the Gangdese metallogenic belt showing the major ore deposit

      图  2  拉抗俄矿区地质简图

      1.第四系残坡积物、冲洪积物;2.上侏罗统多底沟组一段;3.中下侏罗统叶巴组二段;4.中下侏罗统叶巴组一段;5.花岗斑岩;6.花岗闪长斑岩;7.地质界线;8.实测断层;9.钻孔及编号;10.勘探线及编号

      Fig.  2.  Geological sketch of Lakang'e mining area

      图  3  拉抗俄矿床含矿花岗闪长斑岩手标本及正交偏光镜下照片

      Qtz.石英;Bi.黑云母;Pl.斜长石

      Fig.  3.  Photograph and microphotograph of ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      图  4  含矿花岗闪长斑岩锆石CL照片

      Fig.  4.  CL images of zircons from the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry

      图  5  含矿花岗闪长斑岩LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb测年谐和图解

      Fig.  5.  Zircon U-Pb concoria diagram from the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry

      图  6  拉抗俄含矿斑岩SiO2-K2O (a)、A/CNK-A/NK关系(b)

      Fig.  6.  Relations of SiO2-K2O (a)、A/CNK-A/NK (b) from the Lakang'e ore-bearing porphyry

      图  7  拉抗俄含矿斑岩稀土元素配分曲线(a)和微量元素蛛网图(b)

      a.球粒陨石数据,据Sun and McDonough (1989);b.原始地幔数据,据McDonough et al.(1992)

      Fig.  7.  Chondrite-normalized REE distribution patterns (a) and primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagrams (b) of the ore-bearing porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      图  8  拉抗俄含矿花岗闪长斑岩Sr/Y-Y(a)和(La/Yb)N-YbN(b)关系

      底图据Defant and Drummond (1990)

      Fig.  8.  Relations of Sr/Y-Y (a) and (La/Yb)N-YbN (b) from the Lakang'e ore-bearing porphyry

      图  9  拉抗俄含矿花岗闪长斑岩锆石U-Pb年龄-Hf同位素组成关系

      驱龙数据杨志明(2008);甲玛数据引自应立娟,未刊资料;邦铺数据引自王立强,未刊资料;QL.驱龙;JM.甲玛;BP.邦铺;底图据侯增谦等(2012)

      Fig.  9.  Relations between U-Pb ages and Hf isotopic composition of zircons from the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      图  10  拉抗俄含矿花岗闪长斑岩R1-R2构造环境判别关系

      ① 幔斜长花岗岩;② 破坏性活动板块边缘(板块碰撞前)花岗岩;③ 版块碰撞后隆起期花岗岩;④ 晚造期花岗岩;⑤ 非造山期A型花岗岩;⑥ 同碰撞(S型)花岗岩;⑦ 造山期后A型花岗岩.底图据Bachelor and Bowden(1985)

      Fig.  10.  R1-R2 factor diagram of the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      表  1  拉抗俄矿床含矿花岗闪长斑岩LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb定年结果

      Table  1.   LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb analyses of the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      分析点号 组成(10-6) Th/U 同位素比值 年龄(Ma)
      Th U 207Pb/206Pb 1σ 207Pb/235U 1σ 206Pb/238U 1σ 207Pb/206Pb 1σ 207Pb/235U 1σ 206Pb/238U 1σ
      1 3 408.84 1 874.23 1.82 0.048 83 0.010 02 0.014 88 0.003 18 0.002 17 0.000 10 138.98 422.17 15.00 3.18 13.97 0.62
      2 4 429.35 2 355.40 1.88 0.048 33 0.003 22 0.014 07 0.000 96 0.002 11 0.000 04 122.31 142.57 14.19 0.96 13.60 0.27
      3 2 717.49 1 351.95 2.01 0.046 02 0.006 03 0.014 42 0.003 03 0.002 21 0.000 21 error 14.54 3.03 14.22 1.37
      4 2 424.72 1 544.63 1.57 0.048 02 0.008 41 0.013 34 0.002 95 0.001 95 0.000 13 101.94 375.88 13.46 2.95 12.56 0.81
      5 707.50 1 054.51 0.67 0.053 07 0.014 73 0.015 94 0.003 03 0.002 38 0.000 19 331.54 531.11 16.06 3.02 15.30 1.23
      6 1 870.43 1 360.07 1.38 0.051 36 0.011 59 0.015 08 0.003 09 0.002 24 0.000 13 257.47 448.10 15.19 3.09 14.39 0.82
      7 2 931.11 3 478.54 0.84 0.050 55 0.009 81 0.013 95 0.002 55 0.002 02 0.000 05 220.44 396.25 14.07 2.56 13.01 0.31
      8 1 799.15 1 552.69 1.16 0.048 20 0.009 44 0.016 25 0.003 69 0.002 46 0.000 31 109.35 407.36 16.36 3.68 15.86 2.00
      9 14 711.74 3 800.91 3.87 0.050 76 0.006 49 0.016 48 0.001 97 0.002 42 0.000 08 231.55 270.34 16.60 1.97 15.59 0.53
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  拉抗俄矿床含矿花岗闪长斑岩主量元素含量(%)、CIPW标准矿物及相关参数

      Table  2.   Major oxide compositions (%) with calculated CIPW-normative minerals and parameters of the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      样品编号-深度(m) SiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3 FeO MgO CaO Na2O K2O TiO2 MnO P2O5 烧失量 总量 / / / Q An Ab Or C Di Hy Mt Ap A/CNK A/NK SI AR AKI DI
      ZK201-26.8 67.40 14.61 0.97 3.07 1.03 1.90 4.56 3.30 0.34 0.060 0.14 2.01 99.39 / / / 21.62 8.72 39.60 20.05 0.44 / 7.13 0.66 1.44 0.34 1.01 1.32 7.97 2.82 0.76 81.27
      ZK201-86.0 62.51 15.51 1.15 2.63 1.30 3.44 4.48 3.43 0.53 0.060 0.21 4.06 99.32 / / / 14.67 12.68 39.78 21.30 / 3.13 5.12 1.06 1.75 0.51 0.90 1.40 10.00 2.43 0.72 75.75
      ZK201-47.8 66.45 14.96 0.84 2.71 1.12 1.99 4.72 3.45 0.39 0.050 0.16 2.64 99.48 / / / 19.23 9.10 41.20 21.08 0.24 / 6.74 0.77 1.25 0.39 0.99 1.30 8.72 2.86 0.77 81.51
      ZK101-109.7 72.42 12.84 0.44 1.89 0.67 0.95 3.51 4.97 0.24 0.050 0.09 1.35 99.42 / / / 29.47 4.20 30.29 29.97 0.17 / 4.57 0.46 0.65 0.21 1.00 1.15 5.83 4.20 0.87 89.73
      ZK101-140.2 71.92 13.33 0.65 1.87 0.68 1.06 3.67 4.92 0.24 0.040 0.10 1.06 99.54 / / / 27.98 4.70 31.53 29.55 0.27 / 4.33 0.47 0.95 0.23 1.00 1.17 5.77 3.96 0.85 89.06
      ZK101-431.8 69.80 14.42 0.84 1.38 0.59 1.95 4.75 3.48 0.24 0.003 0.08 2.12 99.64 / / / 24.29 7.97 41.19 21.07 / 1.16 2.43 0.46 1.24 0.19 0.95 1.24 5.35 3.02 0.80 86.55
      注:Q.石英;An.钙长石;Ab.钠长石;Or.钾长石;C.刚玉;Di.透辉石;Hy.紫苏辉石;Ⅱ.钛铁矿;Mt.磁铁矿;Ap.磷灰石;A/CNK=n(Al2O3)/[n(CaO)+n(Na2O)+n(K2O)];A/NK=n(Al2O3)/[n(Na2O)+n(K2O)];AKI=[n(Na2O)+n(K2O)]/n(Al2O3);SI.固结指数;AR.莱特碱度率;DI.分异指数.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  拉抗俄矿床含矿花岗闪长斑岩微量及稀土元素含量(10-6)及相关参数

      Table  3.   Results of trace and REE compositions (10-6) and parameters of the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      样品编号-深度(m) Rb Ba Th U K Ta Nb Sr Nd P Zr Hf Sm Ti Y Yb Lu / / / / / La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Y ∑REE LREE HREE LREE/HREE LaN/YbN Eu/Eu* Ce/Ce*
      ZK201-26.8 94 538 5.74 1.43 27 419 0.27 1.68 594 21.92 623 102 2.89 3.55 2034 5.62 0.49 0.08 / / / / / 23.79 40.88 5.08 21.92 3.55 1.06 2.42 0.27 1.11 0.20 0.61 0.08 0.49 0.08 5.62 101.54 96.28 5.26 18.31 34.68 1.05 0.87
      ZK201-86.0 92 648 3.79 1.89 28 498 0.19 2.39 688 29.64 923 114 1.63 4.91 3195 4.92 0.44 0.06 / / / / / 23.44 48.23 6.54 29.64 4.91 1.34 3.26 0.34 1.25 0.21 0.58 0.07 0.44 0.06 4.92 120.32 114.10 6.22 18.35 38.66 0.96 0.94
      ZK201-47.8 119 729 5.26 1.41 28 673 0.21 1.86 509 31.33 709 112 3.22 4.78 2347 6.09 0.53 0.08 / / / / / 30.10 50.96 7.36 31.33 4.78 1.19 3.14 0.34 1.30 0.24 0.66 0.08 0.53 0.08 6.09 132.09 125.73 6.36 19.77 41.05 0.88 0.81
      ZK101-109.7 145 1416 8.49 2.41 41 291 0.13 1.29 392 18.70 397 89 1.30 2.90 1423 5.35 0.42 0.07 / / / / / 18.98 32.64 4.49 18.70 2.90 0.82 1.99 0.22 0.88 0.17 0.48 0.06 0.42 0.07 5.35 82.80 78.52 4.28 18.33 32.33 0.99 0.84
      ZK101-140.2 132 737 7.11 2.09 40 876 0.11 1.11 483 18.44 422 94 2.78 2.84 1456 3.92 0.42 0.07 / / / / / 18.66 35.29 4.31 18.44 2.84 0.84 2.02 0.22 0.87 0.16 0.46 0.06 0.42 0.07 3.92 84.66 80.39 4.27 18.81 32.10 1.02 0.93
      ZK101-431.8 82 602 7.58 2.16 28 864 0.13 1.25 548 20.70 357 113 3.27 3.09 1415 5.49 0.56 0.09 / / / / / 23.29 34.37 5.01 20.70 3.09 0.84 2.16 0.25 1.04 0.20 0.60 0.08 0.56 0.09 5.49 92.28 87.29 4.99 17.51 29.65 0.94 0.74
      注:Eu/Eu*=2EuN/(SmN+GdN);Ce/Ce*=2CeN/(LaN+PrN).
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  拉抗俄矿床花岗闪长斑岩锆石Hf同位素组成

      Table  4.   Hf isotope composition of zircons from the ore-bearing granodiorite-porphyry in Lakang'e deposit

      测点 年龄(Ma) 176Yb/177Hf 176Lu/177Hf 176Hf/177Hf 1σ 176Hf/177Hf(t) εHf(o) εHf(t) tDM1(Ma) tDM2(Ma) fLu/Hf
      2 13.60 0.039 932 0.001 656 0.282 891 0.000 011 0.282 887 4.21 4.49 521 808 -0.95
      3 14.22 0.019 518 0.000 852 0.282 777 0.000 014 0.282 955 0.16 0.47 672 1 065 -0.97
      4 12.56 0.084 787 0.002 967 0.282 823 0.000 013 0.282 854 1.80 2.05 642 962 -0.91
      5 15.30 0.016 333 0.000 734 0.282 650 0.004 367 0.259 309 -4.32 -3.99 848 1 349 -0.98
      6 14.39 0.021 006 0.000 885 0.282 749 0.000 013 0.282 897 -0.83 -0.52 712 1 128 -0.97
      7 13.01 0.020 204 0.000 919 0.282 738 0.000 011 0.282 975 -1.19 -0.91 727 1 152 -0.97
      8 15.86 0.016 218 0.000 783 0.282 691 0.000 014 0.282 967 -2.88 -2.54 792 1 257 -0.98
      注:εHf(t)=10 000{[(176Hf/177Hf)S-(176Lu/177Hf)S×(eλt-1)]/[(176Hf/177Hf)CHUR, 0-(176Lu/177Hf)CHUR×(eλt-1)]-1};tDM=1/λ×ln{1+[(176Hf/177Hf)S-(176Hf/177Hf)DM]/[(176Lu/177Hf)S-(176Lu/177Hf)DM]};tDMC=1/λ×ln{1+[(176Hf/177Hf)S, t-(176Hf/177Hf)DM, t]/[(176Lu/177Hf)C-(176Lu/177Hf)DM]}+t;球粒陨石及亏损地幔现在的176Hf/177Hf和176Lu/177Hf同位素比值分别为0.282 77和0.033 2,0.283 25和0.038 4,据Blichert-Toft and Albarède(1997)Griffin et al.(2000)λ=1.867×10-11 a-1,据Söderlund et al.(2004);(176Lu/177Hf)C=0.015,t.锆石结晶年龄;进行数据处理时,176Lu的衰变常数采用1.867×10-11 a-1,据Söderlund et al.(2004)εHf(t)值的计算利用Bouvier et al.(2008)推荐的球粒陨石n(176Hf)/n(177Hf)比值(0.282 772) 及176Lu/177Hf比值(0.033 2);Hf模式年龄计算时采用当前亏损地幔的(176Hf)/(177Hf)比值(0.283 25) 和(176Lu)/(177Hf)比值(0.015) 及(176Lu)/(177Hf)比值(0.015),据Amelin et al.(1999).
      下载: 导出CSV
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