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    贵州威宁金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面生物地层及其对比

    仇鑫程 童金南 田力 楚道亮 宋婷 李东东

    仇鑫程, 童金南, 田力, 楚道亮, 宋婷, 李东东, 2016. 贵州威宁金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面生物地层及其对比. 地球科学, 41(10): 1709-1722. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.123
    引用本文: 仇鑫程, 童金南, 田力, 楚道亮, 宋婷, 李东东, 2016. 贵州威宁金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面生物地层及其对比. 地球科学, 41(10): 1709-1722. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.123
    Qiu Xincheng, Tong Jinnan, Tian Li, Chu Daoliang, Song Ting, Li Dongdong, 2016. The Biostratigraphic Correlation of the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou, South China. Earth Science, 41(10): 1709-1722. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.123
    Citation: Qiu Xincheng, Tong Jinnan, Tian Li, Chu Daoliang, Song Ting, Li Dongdong, 2016. The Biostratigraphic Correlation of the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou, South China. Earth Science, 41(10): 1709-1722. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.123

    贵州威宁金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面生物地层及其对比

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2016.123
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41530104

    国家自然科学基金项目 41272372

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      仇鑫程(1992-),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为陆相二叠纪—三叠纪之交地层学研究.E-mail: qxch0309@163.com

      通讯作者:

      童金南,E-mail: jntong@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P52

    The Biostratigraphic Correlation of the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou, South China

    • 摘要: 二叠纪—三叠纪之交发生了显生宙最大的生物灭绝事件,同时发生了复杂的环境变化.由于陆相二叠系-三叠系界线附近生物化石记录没有海相记录完整,同时也缺乏其他可靠的年代地层标志,所以如何标定陆相剖面的二叠纪—三叠纪界线一直是研究热点和难点.贵州威宁金钟地区二叠纪—三叠纪之交位于康滇古陆的东侧,毗邻海陆过渡相区,可以与同期的浅海碎屑岩相、海陆过渡相、陆相剖面进行由海到陆“追索式”的生物地层对比,是我国研究海、陆相二叠系-三叠系界线及对比的关键研究区之一.研究区的金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面中化石丰富,共发现双壳类化石4属6种,叶肢介2属4种,植物化石9属及腕足类化石1属,为海、陆相地层对比提供了桥梁.依据叶肢介Euestheria gutta-Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensis组合、植物Annalepis-Peltaspermum组合以及双壳类Pteria ussurica variabilis-Neoschizodus orbicularis组合的生物化石时代归属讨论,识别出金钟剖面的二叠系-三叠系界线应该在卡以头组下部.通过与邻区不同相剖面的对比,提出双壳类Pteria ussurica variabilis-Neoschizodus orbicularis组合以及陆相的叶肢介Euestheria gutta-Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensis组合可以作为三叠纪最早期的识别和对比标志.

       

    • 图  1  贵州威宁金钟剖面地理位置

      a.研究区位置;b.研究剖面位置;1.金钟剖面;2.小河边剖面;3.岔河剖面;4.密得剖面

      Fig.  1.  Geographical position of Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou

      图  2  贵州威宁金钟剖面岩性柱状图及化石分布

      Fig.  2.  Lithology and biostratigraphy of Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou

      图  3  黔西滇东地区剖面地层对比

      岔河剖面(杨逢清等,2005Shen et al., 2011)、小河边剖面(楚道亮等,2013)、金钟剖面、密德剖面(喻建新等,2008)

      Fig.  3.  The biostratigraphic correlation of various sections in western Guizhou and eastern Yunnan

      图  4  研究区化石标本

      a,b.Gigantopteris sp.;a.登记号:JZ06-12.产地:金钟剖面6层顶部;b.登记号:JZ07-40.产地:金钟剖面7层底部;c, d.Pecopteris sp.;c.登记号:JZ06-08.产地:金钟剖面6层顶部;d.登记号:JZ07-48.产地:金钟剖面7层底部;e, f.Annalepis sp.;e.登记号:JZ07-30.产地:金钟剖面8层顶部;f.登记号:JZ07-34.产地:金钟剖面9层顶部;g, h.Peltaspermum sp.;g.登记号:JZ08-28.产地:金钟剖面9层顶部;h.登记号:JZ07-37.产地:金钟剖面8层顶部;i, j.Euestheria gutta Lyutkevich, 1937i.左瓣.登记号:JZ07-01.产地与层位:金钟剖面卡以头组8层顶部;j.右瓣.登记号:JZ08-20.产地:金钟剖面卡以头组9层底部;k, l.Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensis Shen, 1976k.右瓣.登记号:JZ07-04.产地:金钟剖面8层顶部;l.右瓣.登记号:JZ07-05.产地:金钟剖面8层中部;m.Pteria ussurica variabilis Chen and Lan in Gu et al., 1976, 登记号:JZ07-14.产地:金钟剖面8层底部;n.Neoschizodus orbicularis(Bronn, 1837),登记号:JZ07-24.产地:金钟剖面8层底部;o.介壳层, 产地:金钟剖面8层底部;本文研究的化石标本均保存在中国地质大学(武汉)生物地质与环境地质国家重点实验室,采集于贵州威宁金钟剖面宣威组和卡以头组.说明的标本登记号中包括剖面缩写、化石产出层位和标本编号(金钟剖面1层1号标本=JZ01-01).图片使用单反相机(Canon EOS 7D)和体视显微镜(Leica SAP80) 拍摄

      Fig.  4.  Collection of fossils of research area

      表  1  研究区岩性与分层描述

      Table  1.   Lithology and stratigraphy of research area

      东川组(未到顶)
      19.紫红色厚层状细砂岩 9.30 m
      18.紫红色中厚层状细砂岩 8.20 m
      卡以头组
      17.土黄色、紫红色、灰绿色薄层状泥质粉砂岩互层.含叶肢介化石:Euestheria gutta 7.30 m
      16.黄绿色-土黄色粉砂质泥岩.含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp. 11.10 m
      15.土黄色厚层状粉砂岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.;含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp. 14.80 m
      14.黄绿色薄层粉砂岩夹土黄色粉砂质泥岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.,Peltaspermum sp.;含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp. 9.80 m
      13.土黄色薄层粉砂质泥岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.,Peltaspermum sp.;含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp. 5.00 m
      12.土黄色薄层粉砂岩.含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp. 6.20 m
      11.土黄色粉砂质泥岩夹黄绿色中薄层砂质泥岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.,Peltaspermum sp.;含叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp. 5.30 m
      10.黄绿色薄层粉砂质泥岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.,Peltaspermum sp.;双壳化石:Pteria ussurica variabilisNeoschizodus orbicularisNeoschizodus laevigatusPromyalina schamaraePermophorus bregeriPteria sp.;叶肢介化石:Euestheria gutta,Euestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp.;以及腕足化石Lingula sp.和腹足化石 3.00 m
      9.黄绿色薄层粉砂岩.含植物化石:Annalepis sp.;叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaPalaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp. 2.20 m
      8.黄绿色厚层状泥质粉砂岩.含植物化石:Peltaspermum sp.,Annalepis zeilleriAnnalepis angusta;双壳化石Neoschizodus orbicularisPteria ussurica variabilisNeoschizodus laevigatusPteria sp.;叶肢介化石:Euestheria guttaEuestheria sp.,Palaeolimnadia xuanweiensisPalaeolimnadia sp.;腕足化石Lingula sp. 2.80 m
      7.黄绿色薄层状泥岩.含植物化石:Gigantopteris sp.,Cordaites sp.,Gigantonoclea sp. 0.88 m
      宣威组(未到底)
      6.黄绿色厚层状粉砂岩,下部2层煤线,不连续.含植物化石Pecopteris sp.,Cordaites sp.,Stigmaria sp.,Lepidodendron sp.,Fascipteris densata 1.46 m
      5.厚层土黄色泥岩夹厚度不均的煤层 0.60 m
      4.黄绿色厚层状粉砂岩,顶部为薄层煤层.含植物化石Gigantopteris sp.,Cordaites sp.,Gigantonoclea sp.,Fascipteris densata 1.60 m
      3.灰绿色-土黄色厚层粉砂岩,夹0.70 m白色古土壤,顶部夹0.03 m煤线.含植物化石Gigantopteris sp.,Pecopteris sp.,Gigantonoclea sp.,Stigmaria sp. 3.53 m
      2.土黄色厚层状粉砂岩,夹0.38 m灰白色粘土,顶部夹0.08 m煤层.含植物化石Pecopteris sp.,Cordaites sp. 2.41 m
      1.土黄色厚层状粉砂岩,可见0.90 m灰白色粘土,带铁质包壳,顶部夹0.06 m煤层.含植物化石Gigantopteris sp.,Cordaites sp.,Gigantonoclea sp.,Pecopteris sp.
      未见底
      下载: 导出CSV
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