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    珠江口盆地珠一坳陷裂后期断裂作用:迁移、转换及其动力学

    叶青 施和生 梅廉夫 舒誉 刘海伦 田巍 颜豪

    叶青, 施和生, 梅廉夫, 舒誉, 刘海伦, 田巍, 颜豪, 2017. 珠江口盆地珠一坳陷裂后期断裂作用:迁移、转换及其动力学. 地球科学, 42(1): 105-118. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.008
    引用本文: 叶青, 施和生, 梅廉夫, 舒誉, 刘海伦, 田巍, 颜豪, 2017. 珠江口盆地珠一坳陷裂后期断裂作用:迁移、转换及其动力学. 地球科学, 42(1): 105-118. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.008
    Ye Qing, Shi Hesheng, Mei Lianfu, Shu Yu, Liu Hailun, Tian Wei, Yan Hao, 2017. Post-Rift Faulting Migration, Transition and Dynamics in Zhu Ⅰ Depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 42(1): 105-118. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.008
    Citation: Ye Qing, Shi Hesheng, Mei Lianfu, Shu Yu, Liu Hailun, Tian Wei, Yan Hao, 2017. Post-Rift Faulting Migration, Transition and Dynamics in Zhu Ⅰ Depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Earth Science, 42(1): 105-118. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.008

    珠江口盆地珠一坳陷裂后期断裂作用:迁移、转换及其动力学

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.008
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项 No.2011ZX05023-001-015

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      叶青(1991-),男,博士研究生,主要从事含油气盆地构造分析.ORCID:0000-0002-7200-5586.E-mail: tqye91@163.com

      通讯作者:

      梅廉夫,ORCID:0000-0002-1531-5748.E-mail: lfmei@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P548

    Post-Rift Faulting Migration, Transition and Dynamics in Zhu Ⅰ Depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin

    • 摘要: 珠江口盆地裂后期断裂作用对新近系油气成藏具有重要影响,但人们对其发育特征及动力学演化规律的认识一直不够.利用钻井约束的高精度三维及二维地震资料对珠一坳陷裂后期断裂的几何学与运动学特征进行了分析,结果表明珠一坳陷裂后期存在南海期和东沙期两期断裂作用,从南海期断裂作用到东沙期断裂作用,断裂的几何学、运动学特征以及动力学机制均发生了转换.南海期断裂作用具有从南向北迁移的特征;而东沙期断裂具有由东向西迁移的特征.两期断裂都以伸展为主,其中东沙期断裂具有微弱扭性特征.南海期断裂区域伸展方向为NNE10°~15°,东沙期为NNE20°~25°,区域伸展方向发生了5°~10°的顺时针偏转.南海期断裂作用发生于南海同扩张期,可能与南海扩张期间北部陆缘残留的伸展作用有关.东沙期断裂作用形成于南海后扩张期的东沙运动,该时期区域主应力轴σ2方向与吕宋岛弧和欧亚大陆的挤压碰撞方向一致.东沙期断裂特征进一步证实了东沙运动是中中新世以来吕宋岛弧与欧亚大陆碰撞的结果.研究结果对整个南海地区裂后期南海运动与东沙运动的进一步认识具有重要意义.

       

    • 图  1  珠一坳陷区域位置及构造单元

      Fig.  1.  Regional location and structural units of Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  2  珠一坳陷地层与构造演化综合柱状图

      Fig.  2.  Seismic stratigraphy and geological evolution of Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  3  珠一坳陷裂后期断裂平均活动速率

      Fig.  3.  Average active rate of post-rift faults in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  4  珠一坳陷断层系统剖面

      剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  4.  Typical seismic profiles of fault system in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  5  珠一坳陷南海期断裂发育分布

      a.断裂走向玫瑰花图;b.断裂倾角玫瑰花图;①~⑦见图 9

      Fig.  5.  The distribution of Nanhai stage faults in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  6  珠一坳陷东沙期断裂发育分布

      a.断裂走向玫瑰花图;b.断裂倾角玫瑰花图

      Fig.  6.  The distribution of Dongsha stage faults in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  7  珠一坳陷典型扭曲断面立体图

      断裂位置见图 6

      Fig.  7.  Dgeometry of a typical twisted fault surface in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  8  珠一坳陷南海期与东沙期断裂长度统计

      Fig.  8.  Length statistics of Nanhai and Dongsha stage faults in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  9  珠一坳陷裂后期断裂作用迁移特征

      Fig.  9.  The migration pattern of post-rift faulting in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      图  10  南海期新生断裂与东沙期新生断裂特征对比

      Fig.  10.  Different features of Nanhai and Dongsha stage faults

      图  11  珠一坳陷裂后期应力场转换

      Fig.  11.  The transition of post-rift stress field in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      表  1  珠一坳陷裂后期不同类型断裂发育统计

      Table  1.   The statistics of different types of post-rift faults in Zhu Ⅰ depression

      断裂期次类型恩平凹陷西江凹陷惠州凹陷珠一坳陷
      数量(条)总长度(km)数量(条)总长度(km)数量(条)总长度(km)数量(条)走向平均值(°)总长度(km)
      东沙期Ⅱa4214730124105304177112575
      Ⅱb80285215847193148108536
      Ⅱc736211710628141118104868
      Ⅱd2822821152969071451031287
      总数2231 281894402761 545588-3266
      南海期Ⅰa151372307870147251104597
      Ⅰb1298351840712772181031152
      Ⅰc50232372591691 1922561011683
      总数3301 439853773101 616725-3432
       注:断裂统计包含研究区中3个凹陷南部隆起区域内的断裂.
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2016-06-28
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