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    江汉平原沙湖地区浅层含水层第四纪沉积环境演化

    王妍妍 黄爽兵 赵龙 易卿

    王妍妍, 黄爽兵, 赵龙, 易卿, 2017. 江汉平原沙湖地区浅层含水层第四纪沉积环境演化. 地球科学, 42(5): 751-760. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.063
    引用本文: 王妍妍, 黄爽兵, 赵龙, 易卿, 2017. 江汉平原沙湖地区浅层含水层第四纪沉积环境演化. 地球科学, 42(5): 751-760. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.063
    Wang Yanyan, Huang Shuangbing, Zhao Long, Yi Qing, 2017. Evolution of Quaternary Sedimentary Environment in Shallow Aquifers, at Shahu Area, Jianghan Plain. Earth Science, 42(5): 751-760. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.063
    Citation: Wang Yanyan, Huang Shuangbing, Zhao Long, Yi Qing, 2017. Evolution of Quaternary Sedimentary Environment in Shallow Aquifers, at Shahu Area, Jianghan Plain. Earth Science, 42(5): 751-760. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.063

    江汉平原沙湖地区浅层含水层第四纪沉积环境演化

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.063
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 No.41302187

    中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 YYWF201629

    中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 Nos.YYWF201503

    中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目 YYWF201726

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王妍妍(1987-),女,硕士研究生,从事地下水污染机理与修复研究.ORCID:0000-0003-4737-2410.E-mail: yanyanwang25@126.com

      通讯作者:

      黄爽兵,ORCID:0000-0001-5386-0352.E-mail:shuangbinghuang@126.com

    • 中图分类号: P641.69

    Evolution of Quaternary Sedimentary Environment in Shallow Aquifers, at Shahu Area, Jianghan Plain

    • 摘要: 地下含水介质是地球关键带的重要研究对象,为了拓展江汉平原地下水环境问题研究维度,综合应用14C测年、δ13C、铁价态以及沉积物溶解态有机质(dissolved organic matter,DOM)的光谱信息等重要环境指标,对沙湖地区近30 ka的浅层含水层第四纪沉积环境演化特征进行了概化分析.沉积物中Zr/Rb、Rb/Sr比值以及δ13C值表明,剖面在5~7 m和16~18 m范围相对其他深度更显暖湿气候特征;Fe3+/Fe2+比值及沉积物颜色说明这两段暖湿期沉积物主要呈现还原环境.基于因子分析和DOM光谱信息可将沉积剖面的沉积环境演化概化为“近地表弱生物碎屑沉积单元”和“暖湿期强沉积单元”等5个单元.本沉积剖面所记录的沉积环境演化信息可为该区的地下水环境等相关问题的深入研究提供重要的背景支撑.

       

    • 图  1  岩性柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Lithology column profile

      图  2  沉积剖面Zr、Rb、Zr/Rb和Rb/Sr分布

      Fig.  2.  Vertical distribution of Zr, Rb, Zr/Rb and Rb/Sr in sedimentary profile

      图  3  代表性沉积物的XPS扫描

      Fig.  3.  XPS scanning graph of representative sediment

      a.SH3-14;b.SH3-16

      图  4  各氧化物和沉积物样品的因子得分

      Fig.  4.  Scores of oxides and samples in factor analysis

      图  5  沉积剖面沉积环境演化模式概化单元

      Fig.  5.  Generalized model of sedimentary environment evolution in the core

      表  1  沉积物样品14C年龄数据

      Table  1.   14C age data of sediment samples

      样品编号 实验室编号 取样深度(m) 14C年龄(a BP) 日历年龄(cal a BP) 平均日历年龄(cal a BP)
      SH3-3 XA15932 3.2~3.5 4 490±30 5 298~5 040 5 170
      SH3-5 XA15933 5.3~5.6 5 690±30 6 554~6 406 6 480
      SH3-8 XA15935 8.8~9.1 8 865±40 10 770~9 781 10 280
      SH3-10 XA15936 11.1~11.4 9 480±40 10 805~10 587 10 700
      SH3-14 XA15939 16.3~16.6 16 810±60 20 486~20 066 20 280
      SH3-16 XA15940 18.6~18.9 25 270±95 29 613~29 012 29 320
      SH3-18 XA15941 21.5~21.8 29 930±130 34 286~33 746 34 020
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  特征性光谱学参数

      Table  2.   Parameter of characteristic spectroscopy

      样品编号 提取DOM(mg·L-1) SUVA254 1/S275-295 A253/A220
      SH3-3 3.32 2.22 68.03 0.323 1
      SH3-5 3.55 1.17 120.48 0.403 0
      SH3-6 3.92 1.55 120.48 0.426 7
      SH3-8 3.48 1.75 166.67 0.333 3
      SH3-13 2.51 1.52 120.48 0.205 9
      SH3-14 2.88 1.53 105.26 0.277 8
      SH3-16 2.75 1.66 87.72 0.295 5
      SH3-18 2.19 1.78 117.65 0.340 9
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  沙湖沉积元素含量统计

      Table  3.   Oxide content of elements in the profile of Shahu

      元素 SH3-2 SH3-5 SH3-6 SH3-8 SH3-13 SH3-14 SH3-16 SH3-18 均值
      SiO2 62.42 59.02 57.42 55.92 64.25 58.17 63.31 64.29 60.60
      Al2O3 14.47 18.89 19.92 13.90 16.52 21.03 16.17 11.86 16.59
      Fe2O3 4.73 7.16 7.73 5.37 5.65 8.75 5.36 3.64 6.05
      K2O 2.30 2.88 2.99 2.18 2.48 3.30 2.65 2.15 2.62
      CaO 3.30 1.75 1.88 7.73 1.02 0.89 1.11 1.86 2.44
      MgO 2.08 2.38 2.34 2.75 1.95 2.44 1.98 1.37 2.16
      Na2O 1.85 1.03 0.88 1.37 1.59 0.85 1.66 2.06 1.41
      TiO2 0.72 0.87 0.78 0.73 0.76 0.83 0.81 0.73 0.78
      P2O5 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.26 0.24 0.21
      ZrO2 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03
      Cr2O3 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02
      SrO 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02
      Rb2O 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
      ZnO 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  氧化物的因子载荷

      Table  4.   Factor loadings of oxides

      氧化物 因子载荷
      F1 F2 F3
      K2O -0.057 -0.068
      Al2O3 -0.186 0.031
      Rb2O -0.151 -0.142
      SrO 0.157 -0.237
      Fe2O3 -0.359 -0.076
      ZnO -0.205 -0.030
      TiO2 0.064 -0.016
      Na2O 0.536 0.148
      Cr2O3 0.293 0.430
      SiO2 -0.327 0.182
      MgO 0.370 0.229
      P2O5 -0.080 -0.054
      CaO -0.597 0.055
      ZrO2 -0.077 -0.104
       注:图中方框分别标注因子F1F2F3的元素组合对应的因子载荷.
      下载: 导出CSV
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