• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    江汉平原第四系弱透水层渗透系数求算方法

    张婧玮 梁杏 葛勤 李惠 朱波

    张婧玮, 梁杏, 葛勤, 李惠, 朱波, 2017. 江汉平原第四系弱透水层渗透系数求算方法. 地球科学, 42(5): 761-770. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.064
    引用本文: 张婧玮, 梁杏, 葛勤, 李惠, 朱波, 2017. 江汉平原第四系弱透水层渗透系数求算方法. 地球科学, 42(5): 761-770. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.064
    Zhang Jingwei, Liang Xing, Ge Qin, Li Hui, Zhu Bo, 2017. Calculation Method about Hydraulic Conductivity of Quaternary Aquitard in Jianghan Plain. Earth Science, 42(5): 761-770. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.064
    Citation: Zhang Jingwei, Liang Xing, Ge Qin, Li Hui, Zhu Bo, 2017. Calculation Method about Hydraulic Conductivity of Quaternary Aquitard in Jianghan Plain. Earth Science, 42(5): 761-770. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.064

    江汉平原第四系弱透水层渗透系数求算方法

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.064
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41272258

    中国地质调查局项目 12120114069301

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20160255

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张婧玮(1992-),女,硕士,主要从事水文-环境地质方面的研究工作.ORCID:0000-0002-3051-944X.E-mail:zjw273724004@163.com

      通讯作者:

      梁杏,ORCID:0000-0001-9838-5161.E-mail:xliang@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P641

    Calculation Method about Hydraulic Conductivity of Quaternary Aquitard in Jianghan Plain

    • 摘要: 弱透水层的渗透系数是区域地下水流系统划分和关键带水-土-生作用的重要参数.结合江汉平原关键带调查采集1:5万杨林尾-陆溪口图幅钻孔52组不同深度、不同岩性的原状土样,利用改进的渗透仪进行室内渗透实验,对粘性土样的渗透系数和粒度特征参数进行经验公式修正.发现研究区沉积物渗透系数与含水岩组埋深和岩性有关.浅层孔隙潜水含水岩组以粉质粘土、粘土为主,沉积环境稳定,渗透系数约10-9 m/s,变异系数为1.56;中深层承压含水岩组夹有多层粘土和粉砂,呈现多旋回分布的典型河湖交互作用的沉积环境,渗透系数为10-10~10-6 m/s,变异系数为2.04,变异性较大.利用有效孔隙比eu与黏粒含量P的显著二项式关系,修正预测粘性土渗透系数的太沙基经验公式,预测值与室内实测数据基本吻合,二者比值均小于10,验证了太沙基修正公式在河湖相平原区的适用性.

       

    • 图  1  研究区位置和钻孔分布

      Fig.  1.  Location and boreholes distribution of the study area in the Jianghan plain

      图  2  研究区A-A′水文地质剖面

      Fig.  2.  Geological profile along line A-A′ of Quaternary aquifers the study area

      图  3  改进的饱和低渗透介质渗透系数测定装置

      葛勤等(2015)

      Fig.  3.  Device of measuring saturated clay hydraulic conductivity

      图  4  研究区渗透系数的空间分布

      Fig.  4.  Spatial distribution of hydraulic conductivity in study area

      图  5  公式修正与预测的粘性土样品粒度成分

      a.修正公式的土样粒度成分;b.预测的土样粒度成分

      Fig.  5.  The granularity composition of clay for amendment and prediction of formula

      图  6  euP的拟合关系

      Fig.  6.  The fitting relationship diagram of eu and P

      图  7  研究区渗透系数划分概念模式

      Fig.  7.  Conceptual schema of the partition of hydraulic conductivity in study area

      表  1  渗透系数(m/s)数据统计结果

      Table  1.   Statistical results of the measured hydraulic conductivity (m/s)

      钻孔编号YLW01YLW04
      样品数2119
      最大值6.60×10-62.24×10-6
      最小值2.47×10-101.41×10-10
      均值5.79×10-72.56×10-7
      标准差1.53×10-65.95×10-7
      变异系数2.642.32
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  修正公式的土样参数

      Table  2.   The formula parameters of clay

      样品编号K(10-9 m/s)ed10(10-3 mm)eu黏粒含量P(%)
      Y01-11.271.491.740.1425.34
      Y01-21.151.101.280.1925.12
      Y01-31.540.791.880.1522.74
      Y01-41.210.932.171.1351.19
      Y01-51.740.965.350.5539.00
      Y01-130.540.981.640.1022.32
      Y01-159.171.033.700.1822.42
      Y01-170.520.892.670.0617.17
      Y01-193.100.914.600.0914.21
      Y01-210.590.944.840.0417.08
      Y01-240.350.764.830.038.94
      L02-36.820.923.120.1924.89
      L02-1-10.131.213.210.0320.28
      L02-1-23.710.811.940.2230.03
      L02-1-32.020.903.740.0916.45
      L02-1-50.410.965.300.039.44
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  修正公式的验证结果

      Table  3.   The verification result of amendment formula

      样品编号P(%)d10(10-3 mm)K实测(10-9 m/s)K预测(10-9 m/s)K预测/K实测相对误差
      Y04-127.101.580.352.126.065.06
      Y04-237.301.301.368.386.165.16
      Y04-328.831.370.822.252.761.76
      Y04-435.561.293.466.311.820.82
      Y04-528.581.453.172.390.75-0.25
      Y04-1327.951.321.131.761.560.56
      JH01-6912.591.820.280.110.39-0.61
      JH01-728.842.470.360.250.69-0.31
      JH01-7310.732.010.060.132.171.17
      JH04-2233.471.355.105.000.98-0.02
      JH08-0122.921.746.770.990.15-0.85
      JH10-1724.491.671.681.330.79-0.21
      JH10-2331.451.380.583.696.365.36
      JH10-6925.271.640.571.532.671.67
      下载: 导出CSV
    • Bagarello, V., Elrick, D.E., Iovino, M., et al., 2006.A Laboratory Analysis of Falling Head Infiltration Procedures for Estimating the Hydraulic Conductivity of Soils.Geoderma, 135:322-334.doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2005.12.008
      Bojana, D., 2009.Predicting the Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Clays Using Plasticity-Value Correlations.Applied Clay Science, 45:90-94.doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2009.04.001
      Chapuis, R.P., Aubertin, M., 2003.On the Use of the Kozeny Carman Equation to Predict the Hydraulic Conductivity of Soils.Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 40(3):616-628.doi: 10.1139/t03-013
      Chen, C.X., Lin, M., 1999.Dynamics of Groundwater.China University of Geosciences Press, Wuhan, 7-9 (in Chinese).
      Cheng, C.L., Shu, L.C., Wang, M.M., et al., 2011.Experimental Study on Permeability Coefficient of Streambed Sediment of Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province.Water Resources and Power, 29(11):64-66, 211 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-SDNY201111016.htm
      Dang, F.N., Liu, H.W., Wang, X.W., et al., 2015.Empirical Formulas of Permeability of Clay Based on Effective Pore Ratio.Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 34(9):1909-1917 (in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283807110_Empirical_formulas_of_permeability_of_clay_based_on_effective_pore_ratio
      Deng, Y.F., Liu, S.Y., Zhang, D.W., et al., 2011.Comparison among Some Relationships between Permeability and Void Ratio.Northwestern Seismological Journal, 33(Suppl.):64-66, 76(in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ2011S1015.htm
      Deng, Y.M., Wang, Y.X., Li, H.J., et al., 2015.Seasonal Variation of Arsenic Speciation in Shallow Groundwater from Endemic Arsenicosis Area in Jianghan Plain.Earth Science, 40(11):1876-1886(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DQKX201511010.htm
      Fernando, J., 2008.Determination of Coefficient of Permeability from Soil Percolation Test.The 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG), Goa.
      Ge, Q., Gong, X.L., Liang, X., et al., 2015.The Permeability Apparatus about a Low Permeability of Saturated Clay:2015104824344.2016.8.16, Chinese Patent (in Chinese).
      Jiang, X.W., Wan, L., Wang, X.S., et al., 2009.Effect of Exponential Decay in Hydraulic Conductivity with Depth on Regional Groundwater Flow.Geophysical Research Letters, 36(24): 1-4.doi: 10.1029/2009gl041251
      Kang, J.B., Shackelford, C.D., 2009.Clay Membrane Testing Using a Flexible-Wall Cell under Closed-System Boundary Conditions.Applied Clay Science, 44(1-2):43-58.doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2009.01.006
      Kellon, C.J., Wassenaar, L.I., Hendry, M.J., 2001.Stable Isotopes (δ18O, δ2H) of Pore Waters in Clay-Rich Aquitards:A Comparison and Evaluation of Measurement Techniques.Groundwater Monitoring & Remediation, 21(2):108-116. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/229911514_Stable_Isotopes_d18O_d2H_of_Pore_Waters_in_Clay-Rich_Aquitards_A_Comparison_and_Evaluation_of_Measurement_Techniques
      Li, H.M., Deng, Y.M., Luo, L.W., et al., 2015.Geochemistry of High Arsenic Shallow Aquifers Sediment of the Jianghan Plain.Geological Science and Technology Information, (3):178-184(in Chinese with English abstract).
      Liu, H.W., Dang, F.N., Wang, X.W., et al., 2015.Method of Using Consistency Index Estimating the Permeability Coefficient of Clay.Journal of Sichuan University(Engineering Science Edition), 47(Suppl.1):48-52(in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-SCLH2015S1009.htm
      Mao, C.X., 2003.Seepage Computation Analysis & Control.China Water & Power Press, Beijing, 4-8 (in Chinese).
      Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China, 1999.Standard for Soil Test Method.China Planniing Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      Rosas, J., Lopez, O., Missimer, T.M., et al., 2013.Determination of Hydraulic Conductivity from Grain-Size Distribution for Different Depositional Environments.Groundwater, 52(3):399-413.doi: 10.1111/gwat.12078
      Taylor, D.W., 1948.Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics.Soil Science Press, New York, 161.
      Wan, L., Jiang, X.W., Wang, X.S., 2010.A Common Regularity of Aquifers:The Decay in Hydraulic Conductivity with Depth.Geological Journal of China Universities, 16(1):7-12 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GXDX201001003.htm
      Wang, X.Y., Liu, C.L., 2003.New Understanding of the Regularity of Water Seepage in Cohesive Soil.Acta Geoscientia Sinica, 24(1):91-95(in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB200301015.htm
      Ye, Z.Q., Li, A.Q., Yang, G.H., et al., 1999.Study of Permeability for Cohesive Soil.Journal of Southeast University, 29(5):121-125 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DNDX199905024.htm
      Zeng, L.L., Hong, Z.S., Chen, F.Q., 2012.A Law of Change in Permeability Coefficient during Compression of Remolded Clays.Rock and Soil Mechanics, 33(5):1286-1292(in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201205001.htm
      Wen, Z., Liu, K., Chen, X.L., 2015.Approximate Analytical Solutions for Two-Region Non-Darcian Flow to a Partially Penetrating Well.Earth Science, 40(5):918-924(in Chinese with English abstract). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282377592_Approximate_analytical_solutions_for_two-region_Non-Darcian_flow_to_a_partially_penetrating_well
      Zhang, M.X., Zhu, X.W., Yu, G.L., et al., 2015.Permeability of Muddy Clay and Settlement Simulation.Ocean Engineering, 104:521-529.doi: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.05.031
      Zhu, C.H., Liu, J.M., Wang Z.H., 2005.The Influence Law of the Grain Composition of Coarse-Grained Soil to Hydraulic Conductivity.Yellow River, 27(12):79-81(in Chinese).
      Zhu, X.W., Yan, J.M., Wang, X.B., et al., 2014.Laboratory Investigation of the Permeability of Saturated Muddy Clays.Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, 45(9):107-111(in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-SJWJ201409029.htm
      陈崇希, 林敏, 1999.地下水动力学.武汉:中国地质大学出版社, 7-9.
      程春龙, 束龙仓, 王茂枚, 等, 2011.长江江苏段河床沉积物渗透系数试验研究.水电能源科学, 29(11):64-66, 211. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-7709.2011.11.017
      党发宁, 刘海伟, 王学武, 等, 2015.基于有效孔隙比的黏性土渗透系数经验公式研究.岩石力学与工程学报, 34(9):1909-1917. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YSLX201509022.htm
      邓永锋, 刘松玉, 章定文, 等, 2011.几种孔隙比与渗透系数关系的对比.西北地震学报, 33(增刊):64-66, 76. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZBDZ2011S1015.htm
      邓娅敏, 王焰新, 李慧娟, 等, 2015.江汉平原砷中毒病区地下水砷形态季节性变化特征.地球科学, 40(11):1876-1886. http://www.earth-science.net/WebPage/Article.aspx?id=3194
      葛勤, 龚绪龙, 梁杏, 等, 2015. 一种低渗透饱和粘土渗透测定仪: 2015104824344. 2016. 8. 16, 中国专利.
      李红梅, 邓娅敏, 罗莉威, 等, 2015.江汉平原高砷含水层沉积物地球化学特征.地质科技情报, (3):178-184. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DZKQ201503025.htm
      刘海伟, 党发宁, 王学武, 等, 2015.利用稠度指标估算黏土渗透系数的方法研究.四川大学学报:工程科学版, 47(增刊1):48-52. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SCLH2015S1009.htm
      毛昶熙, 2003.渗流计算分析与控制.北京:水利水电出版社.
      万力, 蒋小伟, 王旭升, 2010.含水层的一种普遍规律:渗透系数随深度衰减.高校地质学报, 16(1):7-12. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GXDX201001003.htm
      王秀艳, 刘长礼, 2003.对粘性土孔隙水渗流规律本质的新认识.地球学报, 24(1):91-95. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-DQXB200301015.htm
      叶正强, 李爱群, 杨国华, 等, 1999.粘性土的渗透规律性研究.东南大学学报, 29 (5):121-125. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1999.05.025
      曾玲玲, 洪振舜, 陈福全, 2012.压缩过程中重塑黏土渗透系数的变化规律.岩土力学, 33(5):1286-1292. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YTLX201205001.htm
      文章, 刘凯, 陈晓恋, 2015.承压含水层中非完整井附近"非达西-达西"两区渗流模型近似解析解.地球科学, 40(5):918-924. http://www.earth-science.net/WebPage/Article.aspx?id=3089
      中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部, 1999.土工试验方法标准, GB/T50123-1999.北京:中国计划出版社.
      朱崇辉, 刘俊民, 王增红, 2005.粗粒土的颗粒级配对渗透系数的影响规律研究.人民黄河, 27(12):79-81. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1379.2005.12.036
      朱熹文, 严建明, 王贤奔, 等, 2014.淤泥质饱和土渗透系数的室内实验研究.水利水电技术, 45(9):107-111. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SJWJ201409029.htm
    • 加载中
    图(7) / 表(3)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  5534
    • HTML全文浏览量:  2311
    • PDF下载量:  34
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2016-12-27
    • 刊出日期:  2017-05-15

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回