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    贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水水化学特征及其演化规律

    李华 文章 谢先军 罗朝辉 顾栩

    李华, 文章, 谢先军, 罗朝辉, 顾栩, 2017. 贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水水化学特征及其演化规律. 地球科学, 42(5): 804-812. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.068
    引用本文: 李华, 文章, 谢先军, 罗朝辉, 顾栩, 2017. 贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水水化学特征及其演化规律. 地球科学, 42(5): 804-812. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.068
    Li Hua, Wen Zhang, Xie Xianjun, Luo Zhaohui, Gu Xu, 2017. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Karst Groundwater in Sanqiao District of Guiyang City. Earth Science, 42(5): 804-812. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.068
    Citation: Li Hua, Wen Zhang, Xie Xianjun, Luo Zhaohui, Gu Xu, 2017. Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Karst Groundwater in Sanqiao District of Guiyang City. Earth Science, 42(5): 804-812. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.068

    贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水水化学特征及其演化规律

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.068
    基金项目: 

    贵州省地勘基金项目 [2014]23

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李华(1992-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事水文地球化学相关工作.ORCID:0000-0003-0642-3584.E-mail:18071458022@163.com

      通讯作者:

      文章,ORCID:0000-0001-9672-3219.E-mail:wenz@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P592

    Hydrochemical Characteristics and Evolution of Karst Groundwater in Sanqiao District of Guiyang City

    • 摘要: 贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水是贵阳市重要的生活及工农业用水水源,而贵州省岩溶系统发育异常复杂,对于岩溶水水化学及其演化特征尤其是水-岩相互作用方面的研究尚未见报道,为了保障该地区供水水质安全,以贵阳市三桥地区岩溶地下水为研究对象,通过系统的样品采集与氢氧同位素分析和水文地球化学模拟,针对岩溶地下水水化学组分的空间分布、演化特征及水-岩作用过程进行了系统的研究.研究表明:岩溶地下水水化学类型主要为HCO3·SO4-Ca·Mg型、HCO3·SO4-Ca型、HCO3-Ca型和HCO3-Ca·Mg型;研究区岩溶水主要来源于大气降水补给;研究区水化学特征主要受方解石、白云石、岩盐和石膏的溶解作用以及阳离子交替吸附作用控制.

       

    • 图  1  研究区水文地质及采样点分布

      Fig.  1.  Study area and location of the sampling points

      图  2  地下水样品Piper三线图

      Fig.  2.  Piper diagram of groundwater samples

      图  3  路径1(左)和路径2(右)温度变化(a, b)、pH变化(c, d)、阳离子变化(e, f)、阴离子变化(g, h)和矿物饱和指数变化(i, j)

      Fig.  3.  The changes of temperature (a, b)、pH (c, d)、positive ion (e, f)、negative ion (g, h) and saturation indexes (i, j) on route 1(left) and route 2 (right)

      图  4  研究区地下水氢氧同位素组成

      Fig.  4.  Plot of oxygen and hydrogen isotopic compositions of groundwater in the study area

      图  5  研究区地下水样品Gibbs图

      Fig.  5.  The Gibbs graph of groundwater samples in study area

      表  1  枯水期和丰水期水样测试数据

      Table  1.   The data of groundwater samples in dry season and wet season

      样品编号T(℃)pH(mg·L-1)
      K+Ca2+Na+Mg2+Cl-SO42-NO3-HCO3-TDS
      枯水期
      GY0116.17.163.25118.4013.6532.4927.16170.8436.94355.7586
      GY0316.26.693.95123.1020.5433.3139.17203.9433.23342.9636
      GY0416.66.832.07113.9017.4233.1132.12199.8740.70314.6599
      GY0616.46.788.55139.0018.4027.9531.96229.5620.55342.9652
      GY0716.56.676.16151.3014.9212.0033.28160.2132.59282.0557
      GY086.56.971.35136.006.093.8111.6261.4214.15299.6389
      GY1012.46.951.3884.5821.3717.0926.09110.450.00219.5385
      GY1113.37.071.6991.776.8925.3413.6350.5632.93298.0376
      GY1215.76.754.85118.9013.1411.1020.62103.2325.13251.5427
      GY1319.27.110.9179.932.8524.648.3637.1410.97291.6314
      GY1516.47.461.14101.409.7032.7915.75120.7242.44325.2489
      GY1617.66.741.48125.908.8733.5321.41176.5425.46362.1579
      GY1716.77.204.1563.623.5519.616.2761.430.00214.7274
      GY1817.26.783.36133.6017.3831.2335.07262.7030.60272.4653
      GY1916.56.742.91115.9013.6927.6622.94154.2115.82307.6510
      GY0216.26.81.72105.5011.9232.2230.32125.5735.43341.3516
      GY0516.76.846.69116.9022.5025.9331.77145.4122.15334.9547
      GY0912.37.219.48101.006.4819.3817.7189.370.00349.3474
      GY1415.16.901.9685.0316.4826.0111.8571.648.52288.4359
      GY2015.76.945.77112.0013.5910.7222.66122.900.00229.1407
      GY2117.66.759.88139.3024.8422.9043.80179.8733.98318.8621
      丰水期
      GY0119.77.096.48104.7424.1236.4729.38164.2436.86373.0727
      GY0317.96.998.50108.2333.9936.1638.50196.2841.48344.1776
      GY0418.17.154.94105.4935.0539.3436.77203.8052.63327.1777
      GY0619.97.1811.26126.9421.3133.5823.72283.5425.62281.1833
      GY0719.36.9711.60131.4126.1512.3037.42176.8751.47281.1758
      GY0822.27.341.95105.397.802.877.5048.2611.09303.2476
      GY1020.97.2116.8369.7518.4720.6313.4691.0633.03248.7481
      GY1119.37.561.7471.019.1425.5511.7447.2936.42304.9451
      GY1219.47.258.87105.5215.329.7115.13114.0525.36269.1568
      GY1321.77.370.8963.743.9525.477.3840.3825.42304.9407
      GY1719.47.687.2052.755.7019.905.0997.0516.22218.0389
      GY1919.97.104.1197.6015.2930.1116.77176.1720.16291.3636
      GY2218.77.511.4668.673.4719.643.7056.7112.60252.1385
      GY2320.37.225.13126.7927.767.3437.31137.7776.14218.0692
      GY1419.77.304.4769.567.4026.6210.9460.8510.97299.8435
      GY2020.37.0910.27101.8520.7010.5020.33116.3629.27235.1561
      GY2120.67.0719.48115.9340.2722.7843.51164.9149.69328.8771
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  路径1反向模拟结果

      Table  2.   The reverse simulation results of route 1

      摩尔转移量GY10→GY11GY11→GY01GY01→GY16GY16→GY03
      矿物相化学式
      方解石CaCO31.911×10-4-5.017×10-4-2.025×10-5-
      白云石CaMg(CO3)22.873×10-43.391×10-43.658×10-4-2.504×10-4
      石膏CaSO4·2H2O3.974×10-41.120×10-35.822×10-44.721×10-4
      盐岩NaCl1.394×10-43.697×10-4-4.096×10-4
      CO2CO21.060×10-41.169×10-32.883×10-4-3.369×10-4
      注:负值表示沉淀,正值表示溶解;“-”表示该矿物未参与反应.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  路径2反向模拟结果

      Table  3.   The reverse simulation results of route 2

      摩尔转移量GY09→GY14GY14→GY05
      矿物相化学式
      方解石CaCO3-7.330×10-4-
      白云石CaMg(CO3)23.263×10-41.257×10-4
      石膏CaSO4·2H2O1.629×10-46.929×10-4
      盐岩NaCl2.325×10-45.623×10-4
      CO2CO2-3.313×10-4
      CaX2-1.014×10-42.296×10-4
      阳离子交换MgX2--
      Na2X2.027×10-4-3.001×10-4
      注:负值表示沉淀,正值表示溶解;“-”表示该矿物未参与反应.
      下载: 导出CSV
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