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    含水岩组概化的累积导水系数法

    白宏伟 刘延锋 靳孟贵

    白宏伟, 刘延锋, 靳孟贵, 2017. 含水岩组概化的累积导水系数法. 地球科学, 42(5): 813-820. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.069
    引用本文: 白宏伟, 刘延锋, 靳孟贵, 2017. 含水岩组概化的累积导水系数法. 地球科学, 42(5): 813-820. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.069
    Bai Hongwei, Liu Yanfeng, Jin Menggui, 2017. Generalization of Aquifer Group by Cumulative Transmissivity Method. Earth Science, 42(5): 813-820. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.069
    Citation: Bai Hongwei, Liu Yanfeng, Jin Menggui, 2017. Generalization of Aquifer Group by Cumulative Transmissivity Method. Earth Science, 42(5): 813-820. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.069

    含水岩组概化的累积导水系数法

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.069
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金面上项目 41572224

    国家自然科学基金——新疆联合基金重点支持项目 U1403282

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      白宏伟(1991-),男,硕士,主要从事地下水数值模拟的研究.ORCID:0000-0002-1222-5990.E-mail:hwwhite@126.com

      通讯作者:

      靳孟贵,ORCID:0000-0002-0125-4286.E-mail:mgjin@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P641

    Generalization of Aquifer Group by Cumulative Transmissivity Method

    • 摘要: 地下水流系统理论和数值模拟技术分别是水文地质学的基本理论和技术方法,含水岩组的概化是地下水流系统分析和地下水数值模拟的重要基础,直接影响着数值模拟和水流系统分析的精度和可信度.为提高含水岩组概化的精度和可信度,提出一种含水岩组概化的新方法,即累积导水系数法.依据岩层厚度与渗透系数乘积累积值随深度的变化,以及水文地质剖面岩性分布的整体特征,概化含水介质结构.以玛纳斯河流域为例,应用该方法概化流域内的岩性剖面,结合GMS软件中TINS模块构建水文地质结构模型.结果表明,应用该方法概化后的含水层结构具有较好的合理性和仿真性,建立的三维模型很好地显示了研究区含水介质的空间展布特征,为建立地下水流模型奠定了良好的基础.

       

    • 图  1  钻孔岩性柱状图

      Fig.  1.  Lithological column of a bore hole

      图  2  ΣKiMi与ΣMi变化关系

      a.粗砂;b.细砂;c.粉土;d.粉质粘土;e.黏土;①~⑦ 概化后层序号

      Fig.  2.  The relation of ΣKiMi and ΣMi

      图  3  研究区地理位置

      Fig.  3.  Geographical location of the study area

      图  4  红山嘴-150团(a)和玛纳斯河流域132-147团(b)剖面

      赵宝峰(2010)修改

      Fig.  4.  Cross-section from regiment 150 in Hongshanzui (a), and regiment 132 to 147 in Manas River basin (b)

      图  5  钻孔$\sum\limits_{i = 0}^p {{K_i}{M_i}} $与$\sum\limits_{i = 0}^p {{M_i}} $变化及分层概化

      a.红山嘴-150团,b.132团-147团;1.砂砾石,2.粗砂,3.中砂,4.细砂,5.粉土,6.粉质粘土,7.粘土;①~⑦ 概化后分层

      Fig.  5.  The relations between and and generalization of layers

      图  6  概化后的水文地质剖面

      a.红山嘴-150团;b.132团-147团.实线表示概化后含水岩组分界线

      Fig.  6.  Hydrogeological cross section after generalization

      图  7  研究区三维含水层结构模型(a)和含水介质空间结构剖面(b)

      Fig.  7.  Three-dimensional model of aquifer structures (a) and spatial structure profile of aquifers aquitards (b) in the study area

      表  1  玛纳斯河流域不同岩性的渗透系数

      Table  1.   Hydraulic conductivity of different lithology in Manas River basin

      岩性粗砂细砂粉土粉质粘土粘土
      水平渗透系数(m/d)5050.50.10.01
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  概化后各分层的综合渗透系数

      Table  2.   Hydraulic conductivity of aquifer after generalization

      岩性概化
      Kh0.5501.2502.65502.07
      下载: 导出CSV
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