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    基于氢氧稳定同位素识别干旱区棉花水分利用来源

    李惠 梁杏 刘延锋 刘亚磊 鲜阳

    李惠, 梁杏, 刘延锋, 刘亚磊, 鲜阳, 2017. 基于氢氧稳定同位素识别干旱区棉花水分利用来源. 地球科学, 42(5): 843-852. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.072
    引用本文: 李惠, 梁杏, 刘延锋, 刘亚磊, 鲜阳, 2017. 基于氢氧稳定同位素识别干旱区棉花水分利用来源. 地球科学, 42(5): 843-852. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.072
    Li Hui, Liang Xing, Liu Yanfeng, Liu Yalei, Xian Yang, 2017. Application of Hydrogen and Oxygen Stable Isotopes for Determining Water Sources Used by Cotton in Xinjiang Arid Region. Earth Science, 42(5): 843-852. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.072
    Citation: Li Hui, Liang Xing, Liu Yanfeng, Liu Yalei, Xian Yang, 2017. Application of Hydrogen and Oxygen Stable Isotopes for Determining Water Sources Used by Cotton in Xinjiang Arid Region. Earth Science, 42(5): 843-852. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.072

    基于氢氧稳定同位素识别干旱区棉花水分利用来源

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.072
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41572224

    国家自然科学基金项目 U1403282

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李惠(1992-),女,硕士研究生,主要从事同位素水文学研究.ORCID:0000-0002-7135-9905.E-mail:huili923@cug.edu.cn

      通讯作者:

      梁杏,ORCID:0000-0001-9838-5161.E-mail: xliang@cug.edu.cn

    • 中图分类号: P641.69

    Application of Hydrogen and Oxygen Stable Isotopes for Determining Water Sources Used by Cotton in Xinjiang Arid Region

    • 摘要: 棉花是我国西北内陆干旱地区主要的农作物,研究干旱区棉花的水分利用来源对合理制定灌溉制度、实现农业节水灌溉和保证作物稳产高产具有重要意义.在新疆生产建设兵团炮台土壤改良试验站,基于水文监测和氢氧稳定同位素方法分析膜下滴灌棉田土壤水中氢氧同位素的动态变化特征,确定棉花不同生育期及灌溉后的水分利用来源,并应用多水源混合模型(IsoSource模型)定量计算了棉花对不同深度土壤水的利用率.研究结果表明:棉花在蕾期、花期、铃期和吐絮期主要的水分利用来源及利用率分别为0~30 cm(78.2%)、30~60 cm(31.9%)、60~110 cm(32%)、110~220 cm(47.3%),整个生育期内水分利用来源存在由浅变深的规律.膜下滴灌后,棉花调整其水分利用来源,显著增加了0~30 cm浅层土壤水的利用率.综合试验结果表明低额高频的灌溉制度可以提高棉花对灌溉水的利用率.

       

    • 图  1  研究区地理位置

      Fig.  1.  Location of the study area

      图  2  降水量和地下水位埋深随时间的变化

      Fig.  2.  Variations of precipitation and groundwater table

      图  3  植物木质部水和各潜在水源的δD、δ18O同位素组成关系

      Fig.  3.  Relations between δD and δ18O values of cotton xylem water and different water sources

      图  4  棉花各生育期不同深度土壤水与茎秆水的δD、δ18O值

      Fig.  4.  δD and δ18O values in soil water and cotton xylem water at each growth stage

      图  5  不同深度土壤水δ18O值及含水量对灌溉的响应动态

      Fig.  5.  The dynamic response of δ18O values and soil water content in different soil layer to irrigation

      图  6  棉花各生育期对不同深度土壤水的利用率

      Fig.  6.  Proportions of soil water contribution to cotton at different growing stage

      图  7  灌溉后棉花对不同深度土壤水利用率的动态变化

      Fig.  7.  The dynamic variation in soil water use patterns by cottons after irrigation

      图  8  灌溉后0~30 cm土壤水利用率与体积含水量的关系

      Fig.  8.  Relationship between 0-30 cm soil water contribution to cotton and soil water content

      表  1  试验田土壤的理化性质

      Table  1.   Soil properties in the experimental area

      深度(cm)土壤质地粒径分布(%)pH土壤易溶盐
      (mg·kg-1)
      <0.002 mm0.002~0.020 mm0.020~2.000 mm
      0~30砂质壤土1.3134.2264.478.931 045
      30~60壤质砂土0.7413.7785.499.213 510
      60~80粉砂质黏土27.1249.8922.998.741 730
      80~110粉砂质黏壤土23.8554.8821.278.681 680
      110~150砂质壤土2.1716.0481.798.92850
      150~220粉砂质黏土29.0259.0911.899.121 360
      下载: 导出CSV
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