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    裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏渗流机理研究进展

    张烈辉 李成勇 赵玉龙 吴锋

    张烈辉, 李成勇, 赵玉龙, 吴锋, 2017. 裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏渗流机理研究进展. 地球科学, 42(8): 1273-1286. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.101
    引用本文: 张烈辉, 李成勇, 赵玉龙, 吴锋, 2017. 裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏渗流机理研究进展. 地球科学, 42(8): 1273-1286. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.101
    Zhang Liehui, Li Chengyong, Zhao Yulong, Wu Feng, 2017. Review on the Seepage Mechanisms of Oil and Gas Flow in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs. Earth Science, 42(8): 1273-1286. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.101
    Citation: Zhang Liehui, Li Chengyong, Zhao Yulong, Wu Feng, 2017. Review on the Seepage Mechanisms of Oil and Gas Flow in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs. Earth Science, 42(8): 1273-1286. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.101

    裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏渗流机理研究进展

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.101
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05053

    国家自然科学基金项目 51534006

    国家自然科学基金项目 51374181

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张烈辉(1967-), 男, 教授, 主要从事油气渗流理论、油气藏工程及数值模拟等领域的教学和科研工作

    • 中图分类号: P345

    Review on the Seepage Mechanisms of Oil and Gas Flow in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs

    • 摘要: 裂缝性碳酸盐岩是世界上最重要的油气藏储层类型之一,其渗流机理一直是石油工程的研究难点和热点.随着油气勘探开发的不断深入,许多深层海相裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏被发现,现有理论已无法准确表征流体流动规律,亟待进一步发展和完善.基于对现有理论和方法的广泛调研,系统回顾了裂缝性碳酸盐岩油气藏裂缝渗流能力表征、不同介质间流体交换机制以及渗流数学模型等方面,展望了此类油气藏渗流理论今后的发展和研究方向.本文分析结果可以为国内外类似油气藏的高效开发起到指导和借鉴作用.

       

    • 图  1  Warren-Root均匀裂缝网格模型(a)、Kazemi层状模型(b)、Swaan球状模型(c)对比

      Fig.  1.  Comparison of Warren-Root model (a), Kazemi model (b) and Swaan model (c)

      图  2  不同尺度微裂缝网格局部优化

      Fig.  2.  Local optimization sketch of microfracture grid at differnt scales

      图  3  水封气机理模拟压力分布

      Fig.  3.  Pressure distribution of water blocked gas mechanism simulation

      图  4  均匀裂缝型渗流物理模型示意

      Fig.  4.  Physical model of single fracture reservoir

      图  5  孔隙-裂缝型储层物理模型示意

      Fig.  5.  Physical model of porosity-fractured reservoir

      图  6  孔隙-溶洞型储层物理模型示意

      Fig.  6.  Physical model of porosity-vug reservoir

      图  7  孔隙-溶洞-裂缝型储层物理模型示意

      Fig.  7.  Physical model of porosity-vug-fractures reservoirs

      图  8  二维随机离散裂缝示意

      Fig.  8.  Random discrete fracture

      图  9  嵌入式离散裂缝示意

      据严侠等(2014)

      Fig.  9.  Embedded discrete fracture model

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