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    鄂尔多斯盆地南部延长组时代划分及长73对印支Ⅰ幕的响应

    张文 李玉宏 张乔 陈高潮 韩伟 赵峰华

    张文, 李玉宏, 张乔, 陈高潮, 韩伟, 赵峰华, 2017. 鄂尔多斯盆地南部延长组时代划分及长73对印支Ⅰ幕的响应. 地球科学, 42(9): 1565-1577. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.1181
    引用本文: 张文, 李玉宏, 张乔, 陈高潮, 韩伟, 赵峰华, 2017. 鄂尔多斯盆地南部延长组时代划分及长73对印支Ⅰ幕的响应. 地球科学, 42(9): 1565-1577. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.1181
    Zhang Wen, Li Yuhong, Zhang Qiao, Chen Gaochao, Han Wei, Zhao Fenghua, 2017. Chronostratigraphic Division of Yanchang Formation in Southern Ordos Basin and Response of Chang 73 to Episode Ⅰ of Indosinian Movement. Earth Science, 42(9): 1565-1577. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.1181
    Citation: Zhang Wen, Li Yuhong, Zhang Qiao, Chen Gaochao, Han Wei, Zhao Fenghua, 2017. Chronostratigraphic Division of Yanchang Formation in Southern Ordos Basin and Response of Chang 73 to Episode Ⅰ of Indosinian Movement. Earth Science, 42(9): 1565-1577. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.1181

    鄂尔多斯盆地南部延长组时代划分及长73对印支Ⅰ幕的响应

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.1181
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局矿产资源调查评价项目 No.12120113040300

    中国地质调查局矿产资源调查评价项目 No.121201011000150014

    国家自然科学基金 No.41202104

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张文(1994-), 女, 在读博士, 主要从事同位素地球化学及非常规油气地球化学研究

      通讯作者:

      李玉宏

    • 中图分类号: P539;P542

    Chronostratigraphic Division of Yanchang Formation in Southern Ordos Basin and Response of Chang 73 to Episode Ⅰ of Indosinian Movement

    • 摘要: 鄂尔多斯盆地延长组地层时代划分存在较大分歧,即延长组地层时代是否包含中三叠世以及中、上三叠统界线的确定,而长73地层的归属是其关键.针对争议采集了盆地南部何2井长73底部凝灰岩(H2-2)和长73中上部凝灰岩(H2-1)样品,对H2-2进行了锆石LA-ICP-MS U-Pb年代学和岩相学研究,对H2-1进行了岩相学和地球化学特征分析.结果表明:岩浆锆石的206Pb/238U加权年龄为239.8±2.0 Ma,属于中三叠世拉丁期,构造活动对应印支Ⅰ幕;凝灰岩来源于大陆花岗岩环境,与西秦岭地区的构造环境一致.结合前人研究成果,认为延长组地层跨中、晚三叠世,长73地层属于延长组第2段并划归到中三叠统,其顶部(即"张家滩页岩"顶部)为中、上三叠统的分界.印支Ⅰ幕构造岩浆活动在盆地发育了延长组长7油层组及凝灰岩等事件沉积,西秦岭地区的花岗质岩浆活动与长73凝灰岩在年龄、分布厚度、岩石组成和构造环境上均具耦合性,长73凝灰岩有可能来自西秦岭的岩浆活动.

       

    • 图  1  鄂尔多斯盆地延长组地层划分对比

      Fig.  1.  Comparison of stratigraphic division of Yanchang Formation in Ordos basin

      图  2  鄂尔多斯盆地长73底部凝灰岩厚度及采样点

      凝灰岩厚度据邓秀芹等(2008, 2013);锆石定年点据Xie(2007)Wang et al.(2014)张辉等(2014)

      Fig.  2.  Tuff thickness at the bottom of Chang 73 and sample location

      图  3  凝灰岩锆石阴极发光照片及年龄(H2-2)

      未标注年龄代表该点数据不可用;12号测点用207Pb/206Pb年龄(Black et al., 2003),其余为206Pb/238U年龄

      Fig.  3.  CL images and ages of zircons from tuff (H2-2)

      图  4  锆石U-Pb年龄(a)及谐和图(b)

      Fig.  4.  Zircon ages (a) and U-Pb concordia diagram (b)

      图  5  凝灰岩镜下特征

      a.H2-1薄片单偏光;b.H2-1薄片正交偏光;c.H2-1扫描电镜;d.H2-2扫描电镜

      Fig.  5.  Microphotographs of tuff

      图  6  H2-1 REE分布模式(a)、蜘蛛网图(b)、Th/Yb-Nb/Yb图(c)和Nb-Y图(d)

      a和b图中球粒陨石和原始地幔数据采用Sun and McDonough(1989)的推荐值;c底图据Pearce and Peate(1995);d底图据Pearce et al.(1984)

      Fig.  6.  Chondrite-nomalized REE patterns (a), primitive mantle-normalized trace element pattern (b), Th/Yb-Nb/Yb (c), and Y vs. Nb diagrams (d) of H2-1

      表  1  H2-1和H2-2的分析测试项目

      Table  1.   Test projects of H2-1 and H2-2

      样品编号采样层位年代学特征岩相学特征地球化学特征
      锆石U-Pb定年(LA-ICP-MS)薄片扫描电镜(SEM)X射线衍射(XRD)电感耦合等离子质谱(ICP-MS)
      H2-1长73中上部
      H2-2长73底部
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  凝灰岩中锆石U-Pb年龄数据(H2-2)

      Table  2.   U-Pb isotopic data for obtained from tuff (H2-2)

      测点号Th/U207Pb/206Pb(Ma)1σ(Ma)207Pb/235U(Ma)1σ(Ma)208Pb/232Th(Ma)1σ(Ma)206Pb/238U(Ma)1σ(Ma)
      10.70258442387257102364
      20.822576224110235132405
      30.80237632429253122435
      40.8949465827383244232478
      50.6425111723717223272369
      60.7723642234722692344
      70.75251482438247112434
      80.75237482427259102434
      90.882638024412249162426
      100.75248522408234112405
      110.52233273246421846424820
      120.621 983541 967231 948261 95124
      140.642408624312217202446
      150.60290542439209132385
      160.53232239243313575724511
      180.962496824010217132406
      190.50237372396261112394
      210.732517324010271152395
      220.762648424213223162406
      250.632607923812281192366
      260.62246154241233403924111
      280.57282392477245112434
      290.9525646241724892404
      301.49243662401021892405
      310.51239552368225142365
      320.72358101330203253432611
      330.48284184239282254723414
      340.732668524613284202447
      350.52273362406225102374
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  X射线衍射结果(%)

      Table  3.   Results of X-ray diffraction (%)

      样品编号石英斜长石铁白云石菱铁矿黄铁矿伊利石1Md绿泥石
      H2-131.432.94.9-1.828.01.0
      H2-234.2--4.00.859.02.0
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  H2-1微量和稀土元素含量(10-6)

      Table  4.   Concentration of trace elements and REE (H2-1, 10-6)

      元素LiBeScVCrCoNiCuZnGaGeRbSrY
      含量20.29.524.8027.37.022.4717.97.5469.137.51.2570.215630.1
      元素ZrNbMoCdCsBaLaCePrNdSmEuGdTb
      含量34916.32.470.235.6823125.242.25.5318.23.480.714.020.73
      元素DyHoErTmYbLuHfTaWPbThU
      含量4.781.063.160.513.560.5110.32.611.3066.124.76.33
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  5  鄂尔多斯盆地长7凝灰岩锆石定年数据

      Table  5.   Ages of tuff in Chang 7 Formation in Ordos basin

      采样位置采样层位U-Pb锆石年龄(Ma)数据来源
      何2井长7底凝灰岩239.8±2.0本文
      罗36井长7底凝灰岩241.3±2.4Wang et al., 2014
      庄211井长7底凝灰岩239.7±1.7Wang et al., 2014
      铜川金锁关(TB131)长7底凝灰岩240.7±0.8Xie,2007
      宁36井长7段236.1±2.7张辉等,2014
      正8井长7段234.3±2.8张辉等,2014
      正9井长7段234.9±2.6张辉等,2014
      下载: 导出CSV
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