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    储层多孔介质波动渗流力学研究进展与挑战

    蒲春生 郑黎明 刘静

    蒲春生, 郑黎明, 刘静, 2017. 储层多孔介质波动渗流力学研究进展与挑战. 地球科学, 42(8): 1247-1262. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.518
    引用本文: 蒲春生, 郑黎明, 刘静, 2017. 储层多孔介质波动渗流力学研究进展与挑战. 地球科学, 42(8): 1247-1262. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.518
    Pu Chunsheng, Zheng Liming, Liu Jing, 2017. Innovations and Challenges of Vibration Coupled Seepage Mechanics in Oil and Gas Reservoir Development. Earth Science, 42(8): 1247-1262. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.518
    Citation: Pu Chunsheng, Zheng Liming, Liu Jing, 2017. Innovations and Challenges of Vibration Coupled Seepage Mechanics in Oil and Gas Reservoir Development. Earth Science, 42(8): 1247-1262. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.518

    储层多孔介质波动渗流力学研究进展与挑战

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.518
    基金项目: 

    教育部长江学者创新团队发展计划项目 IRT1294

    国家自然科学基金项目 51274229

    中国博士后科学基金项目 134268

    国家科技重大专项(No 20011ZX05009-004

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      蒲春生(1959-), 男, 教授, 主要从事复杂油气藏物理-化学强化开采和资源环境保护理论与技术方面研究

    • 中图分类号: P618.13

    Innovations and Challenges of Vibration Coupled Seepage Mechanics in Oil and Gas Reservoir Development

    • 摘要: 随着石油工业对低渗、特低渗、稠油、超稠油、小断块、薄油层及高含水等复杂油藏开发的不断加强,波动强化采油技术作为一项高效低成本、不伤害储层、不污染环境的储层增产增注新技术,具有广阔的发展与应用前景.基于对国内外相关成果的广泛调研,揭示了弹性波作用下储层渗流动力学机制是提高波动强化采油技术矿场应用效果的关键,阐述了在弹性波作用下波动渗流力学与传统孔隙介质弹性波传播理论和经典油水渗流力学之间的本质差异,分析了定量描述储层多孔介质波动渗流动力学机理与规律的主要难点,总结了储层波动渗流力学研究的最新进展,展望了波动渗流力学理论研究需要进一步解决的重点问题.

       

    • 图  1  不同震源类型、研究对象、边界条件的差异

      Fig.  1.  Different wave sources with corresponding research objects and boundaries

      图  2  不同振动加速度下渗透率和孔隙度随距离的变化

      据刘静等(2014a)

      Fig.  2.  The permeability and porosityat different position in different pulsing time

      图  3  包含初始宏观渗流的数值算例模型及其边界条件

      a.等效为开发油藏-维驱替分析;b.等效为岩土工程变压加载下岩土固结;据Vuong et al.(2015)

      Fig.  3.  Physical model for seepage with initial macro flow and boundary conditions under vibration

      图  4  图 3a中模型静态或动载固结条件下物性随时间的变化

      a.压力对比;b.孔隙度对比

      Fig.  4.  Property over time for quasi-stationary and instationary simulation from model Fig. 3 (a)

      图  5  毛细管尺度模型

      a.直管;b.具有一定迂回度的毛细管

      Fig.  5.  Capillary model for simulation

      图  6  刚性管(g=0) 中不同谐振波频率下流体流速(Re=1, xl=2)

      a.流速随时间变化;b.流速相图;据Yan(1999)

      Fig.  6.  Response of a fluid in a rigid channel to harmonic perturbation (Re=1, xl=2)

      图  7  弹性波作用下孔隙喉道非润湿相突破、剥离临界条件

      Fig.  7.  Condition for nonwetting phase breakthrough or detach from the pore-throat under wave

      图  8  不同振动加速度、表面活性剂注入量与有效作用距离的关系

      据刘静等(2013)

      Fig.  8.  The effective distance under different vibration acceleration and injection volume

      图  9  不同振动参数下酸液流速的变化关系(10 min)

      何延龙等(2016)

      Fig.  9.  Acidvelocityunder different vibration parameter (10 min)

      图  10  弹性波作用下考虑压力梯度和物性耦合变化的径向模型模拟结果(ϕi=0.156,Pin=11 MPa,Pe=8.0 MPa)

      a.孔隙压力;b.孔隙度

      Fig.  10.  Change of pressure and porosity under vibration in radial model considering the obvious pressure gradient and coupled petrophysics (ϕi=0.156, Pin=11 MPa, Pe=8.0 MPa)

      图  11  弹性波作用下仅考虑Biot流动诱导物性耦合变化的径向模型模拟结果(ϕi=0.156,P0=8.0 MPa)

      a.孔隙压力;b.孔隙度

      Fig.  11.  Change of pressure and porosity under vibration in radial model only considering the coupled petrophysics due to Biot flow (ϕi=0.156, P0=8.0 MPa)

      图  12  波动条件下微观流动的复杂性(初始流动、Biot流与Squirt流共存)

      Fig.  12.  Complexity of micro flow under wave (coexistence of initial, Biot and Squirt flow)

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    • 收稿日期:  2017-01-22
    • 刊出日期:  2017-08-15

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