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    油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭性预测方法及其应用

    王超 吕延防 付广 王有功 刘哲 孙同文 胡欣蕾

    王超, 吕延防, 付广, 王有功, 刘哲, 孙同文, 胡欣蕾, 2017. 油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭性预测方法及其应用. 地球科学, 42(10): 1787-1801. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.549
    引用本文: 王超, 吕延防, 付广, 王有功, 刘哲, 孙同文, 胡欣蕾, 2017. 油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭性预测方法及其应用. 地球科学, 42(10): 1787-1801. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.549
    Wang Chao, Lü Yanfang, Fu Guang, Wang Yougong, Liu Zhe, Sun Tongwen, Hu Xinlei, 2017. Ancient Lateral Sealing Evaluation Method of Fault and Its Application in Hydrocarbon Accumulation Period. Earth Science, 42(10): 1787-1801. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.549
    Citation: Wang Chao, Lü Yanfang, Fu Guang, Wang Yougong, Liu Zhe, Sun Tongwen, Hu Xinlei, 2017. Ancient Lateral Sealing Evaluation Method of Fault and Its Application in Hydrocarbon Accumulation Period. Earth Science, 42(10): 1787-1801. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.549

    油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭性预测方法及其应用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.549
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41602154

    中国石油科技创新基金项目 2015D-5006-0103

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05006-005

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05007003-003

    国家自然科学基金项目 41572127

    国家自然科学基金项目 41372154

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王超(1986-),男,博士研究生,主要从事断层侧向封闭性研究

      通讯作者:

      吕延防

    • 中图分类号: P624

    Ancient Lateral Sealing Evaluation Method of Fault and Its Application in Hydrocarbon Accumulation Period

    • 摘要: 油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭能力的强弱对于油气的聚集和分布有着重要的影响,目前尚无有效的评价方法用于定量分析断层古侧向封闭性,并且在利用断层侧向封闭油气SGR(Shale Gouge Ratio)下限方法预测油柱高度过程中,发现断层侧向封闭油气能力与油气分布呈现部分不吻合现象,即井在预测范围之内,但是该井却不含油气.经过深入研究表明:这种现象可能是由于在油气成藏期断层古侧向封闭能力弱(达不到侧向封闭油气下限)造成的.因此,在断层侧向封闭油气SGR下限方法的基础上,通过恢复油气成藏期的古地层厚度、断层古断距、古泥质含量曲线,建立一套断层古侧向封闭性的评价方法,并以冀中坳陷文安斜坡文13断圈为例,利用断层古侧向封闭性评价法对断圈的古侧向封闭能力进行定量评价.结果表明:文13断圈在油气成藏期侧向封闭油气高度为0 m,与井试油结论相吻合,表明该方法用于定量评价断层古侧向封闭性是可行的,对于准确评价断圈封闭油气能力、降低断圈油气钻探风险以及丰富和完善断层侧向封闭理论均具有实践和理论意义.

       

    • 图  1  断面SGR值计算流程

      Fig.  1.  The flow chart of SGR value calculation on fault plane

      图  2  断层侧向封闭油气下限SGRllt确定流程模式

      Fig.  2.  The flow pattern chart of SGRllt determination as the lowest limit in fault lateral sealing oil-gas

      图  3  断圈侧向封闭有效性模式

      Fig.  3.  The pattern chart of lateral sealing effectiveness in fault trap

      图  4  计算不同条件下断圈侧向封油气柱高度模式

      Fig.  4.  The pattern chart of calculation of lateral sealing oil-gas column height in fault trap under different conditions

      图  5  古地层厚度恢复示意

      Fig.  5.  Schematic diagram of the ancient strata thickness restoration

      图  6  不同断层古断距恢复方法对比

      David and Bruce(2009)修改

      Fig.  6.  Comparison diagram of different ancient fault throws recovering method

      图  7  文安斜坡文13断圈构造位置

      Fig.  7.  The position of Wen13 fault trap in Wenan slope

      图  8  文安斜坡沙一段现今断层侧向封闭油气下限

      Fig.  8.  The lowest limit of fault lateral sealing oil-gas in Es1 of Wenan slope

      图  9  馆陶组沉积末期地层古厚度恢复

      Fig.  9.  The ancient thickness restoration in the late Guantao Formation

      图  10  馆陶组沉积末期F1断层古形态及古断距恢复

      Fig.  10.  The ancient form and the ancient throw recovery of F1

      图  11  馆陶组沉积末期F2断层古形态及古断距恢复

      Fig.  11.  The ancient form and the ancient throw recovery of F2

      图  12  文13井现今与馆陶组末期泥质含量曲线

      Fig.  12.  Shale content curve of now and the late Guantao Formation in the Wen13 well

      图  13  馆陶组沉积末期与现今F1、F2断层SGR评价结果对比

      Fig.  13.  The evaluation result comparison between the late Guantao Formation and present F1, F2 fault SGR

      表  1  文安斜坡17口井断面上试油区域SGRmin值统计

      Table  1.   The statistical table of SGRmin in oil test area of fault plane in 17 wells of Wenan slope

      井名深度(m)供油半径(m)含油气性SGR值(%)
      文452 446.050油水同层43.7
      2 522.650油层47.3
      文252 660.650油水同层28.3
      1 419.050油水同层29.2
      文961 517.450油水同层28.6
      1 532.650水层24.0
      文1081 421.050油层29.2
      1 453.650油水同层30.1
      1 482.050含油水层28.2
      苏392 714.050水层21.7
      3 082.550含油水层32.7
      苏881 619.250气层30.3
      2 389.250油层33.0
      苏422 389.250油层35.8
      2 399.850油层35.3
      2 462.050油层34.6
      苏69X3 340.550油水同层30.1
      3 403.050水层17.7
      文512 002.350水层27.9
      苏82X2 578.450含油水层40.4
      2 601.250油水同层44.4
      2 707.050油水同层41.5
      2 715.650含油水层39.4
      2 752.050油水同层40.1
      2 847.850水层25.7
      文482 960.550油层38.8
      3 064.650含油水层31.1
      3 207.150含油水层33.8
      文642 817.550油层35.1
      2 931.650水层26.9
      2 959.850油水同层34.4
      3 013.350油水同层32.4
      2 272.850水层22.3
      文1032 402.050水层28.9
      2 590.250油水同层39.2
      2 661.450油层38.9
      苏212 550.050油层37.6
      2 699.450含油水层31.7
      2 751.450含油水层30.1
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  文13井现今和馆陶组末期地层参数

      Table  2.   Formation parameters of now and the late guantao in the Wen13 well

      文13井
      地层 现今各套地层厚度
      (m)
      馆陶组末期各套地层厚度
      (m)
      现今0.125 m厚
      沉积层个数
      馆陶组末期采样间隔
      (m)
      馆陶组 300.0 432.4 2 400 0.180
      东营组 260.4 349.6 2 083 0.167
      沙一段 259.1 330.9 2 072 0.159
      沙二段 50.0 62.3 400 0.156
      沙三段 158.7 194.8 1 269 0.154
      沙四段 147.5 177.5 1 180 0.150
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2016-12-27
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