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    湘东锡田燕山期A型花岗岩黑云母矿物化学特征及其成岩成矿意义

    周云 梁新权 蔡永丰 付伟

    周云, 梁新权, 蔡永丰, 付伟, 2017. 湘东锡田燕山期A型花岗岩黑云母矿物化学特征及其成岩成矿意义. 地球科学, 42(10): 1647-1657. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.557
    引用本文: 周云, 梁新权, 蔡永丰, 付伟, 2017. 湘东锡田燕山期A型花岗岩黑云母矿物化学特征及其成岩成矿意义. 地球科学, 42(10): 1647-1657. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.557
    Zhou Yun, Liang Xinquan, Cai Yongfeng, Fu Wei, 2017. Petrogenesis and Mineralization of Xitian Tin-Tungsten Polymetallic Deposit: Constraints from Mineral Chemistry of Biotite from Xitian A-Type Granite, Eastern Hunan Province. Earth Science, 42(10): 1647-1657. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.557
    Citation: Zhou Yun, Liang Xinquan, Cai Yongfeng, Fu Wei, 2017. Petrogenesis and Mineralization of Xitian Tin-Tungsten Polymetallic Deposit: Constraints from Mineral Chemistry of Biotite from Xitian A-Type Granite, Eastern Hunan Province. Earth Science, 42(10): 1647-1657. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.557

    湘东锡田燕山期A型花岗岩黑云母矿物化学特征及其成岩成矿意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.557
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41503021

    国家自然科学基金项目 41502180

    国土资源部公益科研专项 201211024-03

    广西高等学校科学研究项目重点项目 KY2015ZD052

    广西自然科学基金项目 2014GXNSFAA118304

    桂林理工大学科研启动费资助项目 002401003472

    广西自然科学基金项目 2015GXNSFBA139204

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      周云(1988-),女,讲师,博士,主要从事构造地质学及地球化学研究工作

    • 中图分类号: P57

    Petrogenesis and Mineralization of Xitian Tin-Tungsten Polymetallic Deposit: Constraints from Mineral Chemistry of Biotite from Xitian A-Type Granite, Eastern Hunan Province

    • 摘要: 黑云母的化学组成特征对揭示花岗岩的源区特征、形成环境、后期热液作用以及成矿元素富集特征具有重要的指示意义.对与锡田钨锡多金属矿床成矿作用密切相关的锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母和长石成分进行了系统的电子探针分析.分析结果表明,黑云母具有富铁贫镁、高铝低钠的特征,其MgO和FeOT含量分别为0.12%~1.35%和15.47%~23.24%,类似于高铁黑云母;其含铁指数Fe/(Fe+Mg)较高,集中在0.87~0.99,属于铁叶云母;其长石主要以正长石和钠长石为主.这些特征暗示了寄主岩石源区以壳源为主.结合相关区域地质资料,表明锡田燕山早期花岗质岩浆具有较高的温度和较低的氧逸度.黑云母具有高的含铁指数、较高的结晶温度和低的氧逸度等特征均有利于锡成矿,可以作为勘探锡矿的标志之一.综合分析认为,在锡田花岗质岩浆演化过程中,岩浆结晶期后分异出的流体趋向于向富锡的方向演化,是锡田多金属矿床成矿流体的重要来源.

       

    • 图  1  锡田钨锡多金属矿床地质简图

      图 1伍式崇等(2009).1.第四系;2.岩关阶(C1y);3.锡矿山组下段(D3x2);4.锡矿山组上段(D3x1);5.佘田桥组(D3s);6.棋梓桥组(D2q);7.跳马涧组(D2t);8.奥陶系上统(O3);9.燕山早期细粒黑(二)云母花岗岩(γ52);10.印支期中粒斑状黑云母花岗岩(γ51);11.矽卡岩型钨锡多金属矿体;12.破碎带蚀变岩型钨锡多金属矿脉;13.石英脉-云英岩型钨锡矿脉;14.断层;15.不整合地质界线;16.采样位置

      Fig.  1.  Geological schematic map of Xitian tin-tungsten polymetallic deposit

      图  2  锡田燕山早期花岗岩显微照片(a~d)及背散射图像(e~f)

      Bt.黑云母;Pl.斜长石;Kfs.钾长石;Qtz.石英

      Fig.  2.  Microscope (a-d) and BSE (e-f) photographs of Xitian granite

      图  3  锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母(a)MgO-FeOT/(FeOT+MgO)和(b)Si-Fe/(Fe+Mg)图解

      图a据周作侠(1988);图b据Rieder et al.(1998)

      Fig.  3.  Plots of (a) MgO-FeOT/(FeOT+MgO) and (b) Si-Fe/(Fe+Mg) of biotite from Xitian granite

      图  4  锡田燕山早期花岗岩长石Or-Ab-An图解

      Fig.  4.  Plot of Or-Ab-An of feldspar from Xitian granite

      图  5  锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母MgO-FeOT-Al2O3图解

      Abdel-Rahman(1994)

      Fig.  5.  Plot of MgO-FeOT-Al2O3 of biotite from Xitian granite

      图  6  锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母Fe3+-Fe2+-Mg2+图解

      Wones and Eugster(1965)

      Fig.  6.  Plot of Fe3+-Fe2+-Mg2+ of biotite from Xitian granite

      图  7  锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母Mg2+-(Fe2++Mn2+)-(Al3++ Fe3++ Ti4+)图解

      A.锡钨稀土等含矿花岗岩中的铁质黑云母; B.未发现矿化花岗岩中的黑云母; C.与斑岩铜钼矿化有关的镁质黑云母; D.与钒钛磁铁矿及玢岩铁矿有关的镁质黑云母

      Fig.  7.  Plot of Mg2+-(Fe2++ Mn2+)-(Al3++ Fe3++Ti4+) of biotite from Xitian granite

      表  1  锡田燕山早期花岗岩黑云母成分(%)

      Table  1.   Composition of biotite from Xitian granite (%)

      样品号 ZK10C02-20 ZK10C02-30 ZK14B04-12
      SiO2 42.05 40.41 40.22 39.60 37.42 38.83 40.59 38.83 37.34 39.94 38.50 37.93 39.63 40.16 39.78 37.72 37.47 38.87 38.22 38.04
      TiO2 0.55 1.09 0.93 1.49 1.61 0.83 0.73 0.85 2.07 0.52 0.86 0.21 0.17 0.36 0.41 0.25 0.22 0.16 0.25 0.33
      Al2O3 21.75 21.19 21.34 21.02 20.34 20.56 20.84 20.65 19.53 20.72 22.69 22.32 23.02 23.53 22.96 22.04 22.33 22.57 22.13 22.20
      FeO 13.74 15.91 16.70 17.78 20.25 17.70 15.21 16.43 20.38 15.68 18.13 20.02 20.35 18.82 19.44 20.31 19.90 19.51 20.14 21.01
      Fe2O3 1.92 2.14 2.21 2.31 2.36 2.24 2.03 2.11 2.36 2.06 2.33 2.46 2.54 2.42 2.47 2.42 2.36 2.39 2.42 2.47
      MnO 0.71 0.72 0.69 0.77 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.29 0.29 0.30 1.14 0.81 0.81 0.80 0.74 0.36 0.31 0.34 0.37 0.31
      MgO 0.76 0.94 1.22 1.22 1.15 1.35 1.28 1.20 1.27 1.24 0.20 0.13 0.17 0.16 0.12 0.28 0.24 0.20 0.23 0.24
      CaO 0.01 - 0.06 0.06 0.01 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.15 0.16 0.05 0.06 - - - 0.18 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.16
      Na2O 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.07 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.07 0.07 0.13 0.15 0.19 0.20 0.16 0.15 0.18
      K2O 9.84 9.76 9.71 9.72 10.56 10.11 10.76 10.80 10.49 10.87 9.65 9.61 9.73 9.95 9.81 10.08 10.38 10.54 10.37 10.18
      Cr2O3 0.06 0.01 - 0.02 - - - - - - 0.08 0.02 - 0.02 0.02 - - - - -
      Total 91.34 92.07 93.00 93.83 93.90 91.92 91.77 91.17 93.84 91.46 93.57 93.39 96.23 96.11 95.64 93.57 93.25 94.52 94.05 94.87
      Si 6.66 6.45 6.39 6.29 6.08 6.31 6.51 6.35 6.08 6.46 6.15 6.13 6.19 6.23 6.22 6.11 6.09 6.19 6.15 6.09
      Al 1.34 1.55 1.61 1.72 1.93 1.69 1.49 1.65 1.92 1.54 1.85 1.87 1.81 1.77 1.78 1.89 1.91 1.81 1.85 1.91
      Al 2.71 2.44 2.38 2.21 1.96 2.25 2.45 2.32 1.83 2.41 2.42 2.38 2.42 2.52 2.45 2.31 2.36 2.43 2.34 2.28
      Ti 0.07 0.13 0.11 0.18 0.20 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.25 0.06 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.04
      Fe3+ 0.23 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.27 0.25 0.26 0.29 0.25 0.28 0.30 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.30
      Fe2+ 1.82 2.12 2.22 2.36 2.75 2.41 2.04 2.25 2.78 2.12 2.42 2.71 2.66 2.44 2.54 2.75 2.70 2.60 2.71 2.81
      Mn 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.15 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04
      Mg 0.18 0.22 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.33 0.31 0.29 0.31 0.30 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06
      Ca 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.03
      Na 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06
      K 1.99 1.99 1.97 1.97 2.19 2.10 2.20 2.25 2.18 2.25 1.97 1.98 1.94 1.97 1.96 2.08 2.15 2.14 2.13 2.08
      Cr 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 - - - - - - 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 - - - - -
      Fe/(Fe+Mg) 0.91 0.90 0.89 0.89 0.91 0.88 0.87 0.88 0.90 0.88 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98 0.98
      Mg/(Fe+Mg) 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.09 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.10 0.12 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
      T(℃) - 413 328 515 540 247 - 277 597 - 265 - - - - - - - - -
        注:T={[ln(Ti)-a-c(XMg)3]/b}0.333,其中XMg=Mg/(Mg+Fe), a=-2.359 4, b=4.648 2×10-9, c=-1.728 3.
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  锡田燕山早期花岗岩长石成分(%)

      Table  2.   Composition of feldspar from Xitian granite (%)

      样品 ZK10C02-20 ZK10C02-30 ZK14B04-12
      SiO2 68.10 67.20 62.67 63.18 64.16 61.43 64.16 62.40 64.08 63.40 67.88 67.82 67.60 66.35 67.46 66.73
      TiO2 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.26 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01
      Al2O3 19.43 18.66 17.24 17.06 17.99 17.12 17.89 17.12 17.87 17.91 18.92 19.11 19.11 18.37 18.48 18.70
      FeO 0.08 0.00 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.11 0.05 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.01
      MnO 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.02
      MgO 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.03
      CaO 0.27 0.06 0.11 0.07 0.04 0.17 0.12 0.11 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.80 0.37 0.18 0.14 0.52
      Na2O 10.71 10.61 1.18 0.29 0.84 0.44 0.38 0.87 0.33 0.83 11.07 11.23 10.47 10.38 10.71 10.52
      K2O 0.14 0.21 15.90 17.38 16.78 14.98 17.36 16.42 17.34 16.58 0.15 0.25 0.14 0.20 0.17 0.21
      Total 98.74 96.75 97.16 98.02 99.85 94.31 100.00 97.04 99.74 98.80 98.12 99.55 97.77 95.57 97.03 96.75
      Si 12.01 12.09 11.99 12.03 11.96 12.03 11.96 11.98 11.97 11.94 12.06 11.94 12.04 12.09 12.11 12.03
      Al 4.04 3.95 3.88 3.83 3.95 3.95 3.93 3.87 3.93 3.97 3.96 3.96 4.01 3.94 3.91 3.97
      Ti 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
      Ca 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.15 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.10
      Na 3.66 3.70 0.44 0.11 0.30 0.17 0.14 0.32 0.12 0.30 3.81 3.83 3.61 3.67 3.73 3.68
      K 0.03 0.05 3.88 4.22 3.99 3.74 4.13 4.02 4.13 3.98 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.05
      Ab 97.8 98.4 10.1 2.4 7.1 4.2 3.2 7.4 2.8 7.1 98.8 94.9 97.3 97.8 98.3 96.2
      An 1.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 3.7 1.9 0.9 0.7 2.6
      Or 0.8 1.3 89.4 97.2 92.7 94.9 96.2 92.1 96.9 92.7 0.9 1.4 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.2
      下载: 导出CSV
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