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    巫山黄土微生物四醚膜脂分布特征及其古气候意义

    马舒慧 彭红霞

    马舒慧, 彭红霞, 2018. 巫山黄土微生物四醚膜脂分布特征及其古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4018-4026. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.610
    引用本文: 马舒慧, 彭红霞, 2018. 巫山黄土微生物四醚膜脂分布特征及其古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4018-4026. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.610
    Ma Shuhui, Peng Hongxia, 2018. Distribution and Paleoclimate Implication of Microbial Tetraether Lipids in Wushan Loess. Earth Science, 43(11): 4018-4026. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.610
    Citation: Ma Shuhui, Peng Hongxia, 2018. Distribution and Paleoclimate Implication of Microbial Tetraether Lipids in Wushan Loess. Earth Science, 43(11): 4018-4026. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.610

    巫山黄土微生物四醚膜脂分布特征及其古气候意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2017.610
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目 2011CB710601

    国家自然科学基金项目 41877297

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      马舒慧(1991-), 女, 硕士研究生, 自然地理学研究方向

      通讯作者:

      彭红霞

    • 中图分类号: P66

    Distribution and Paleoclimate Implication of Microbial Tetraether Lipids in Wushan Loess

    • 摘要: "巫山黄土"是指分布于长江三峡地区的黄土状堆积物,是中国黄土的重要组成部分,具有重要的古气候环境意义.微生物四醚膜脂是反演古气候环境的灵敏指标,为了进一步理解巫山黄土中蕴含的古气候意义,通过测定巫山黄土中微生物醚类化合物(glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers,GDGTs)并分析其分布特征,基于支链GDGTs(bGDGTs)的甲基化指数(methylation index of branched tetraethers,MBT)和环化指数(cyclization ration of branched tetraethers,CBT)重建该地44.4~22.8 ka.BP的古温度年平均气温(mean annual air temperature,MAAT),MAAT与频率磁化率曲线和北大西洋沉积物有孔虫曲线对比,其变化趋势具有一致性,反映了其指标的可靠性.巫山黄土的陆源输入指数(BIT值,bGDGTs vs.crenarchaeol)在0.5~1.0之间,大部分值接近于1.0,但有几个极低值,分析为干旱事件.根据MAAT和BIT指标,巫山地区在冰期气候有剧烈的波动,在36.2±3.6 ka.BP、26.0±2.7 ka.BP、23.7±2.3 ka.BP时相对比较干旱,推测可能分别对应着H4、H3和H2事件,表明该区气候变化响应全球气候变化.

       

    • 图  1  GDGTs分子结构图及其质子化后的质核比(m/z)

      Fig.  1.  The structures of GDGTs and their protonated mass to charge ratios (m/z)

      图  2  研究区地理位图

      地理位置图据百度地图(map.baidu.com)改绘

      Fig.  2.  Location of research region

      图  3  样品的部分基峰色谱

      Fig.  3.  HPLC-APCI/MS base peak chromatograms of two samples in loess

      图  4  巫山黄土剖面GDGTs各参数的变化及bGDGTs重建的温度与频率磁化率、北大西洋V23-81钻孔沉积物有孔虫曲线对比

      Bond et al.(1992)

      Fig.  4.  Variations of GDGT proxies in Wushan loess section and comparison of bGDGT-derived MAAT with frequency-dependent magnetic susceptibility and North Atlantic Core V23-81 N. Pachyderma

      表  1  巫山黄土剖面OSL测年结果

      Table  1.   OSL dating results of the samples from Wushan loess section

      采样深度(m) 估计光释光年龄(ka.BP)
      2 26.4±2.3
      4 28.2±2.5
      6 31.9±2.9
      10 44.4±4.2
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