• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    陕西渭北二叠纪-三叠纪之交叶肢介化石及其地层对比

    楚道亮 缪雪 吴玉样 郭文伟 舒文超 童金南

    楚道亮, 缪雪, 吴玉样, 郭文伟, 舒文超, 童金南, 2018. 陕西渭北二叠纪-三叠纪之交叶肢介化石及其地层对比. 地球科学, 43(11): 3910-3921. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.104
    引用本文: 楚道亮, 缪雪, 吴玉样, 郭文伟, 舒文超, 童金南, 2018. 陕西渭北二叠纪-三叠纪之交叶肢介化石及其地层对比. 地球科学, 43(11): 3910-3921. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.104
    Chu Daoliang, Miao Xue, Wu Yuyang, Guo Wenwei, Shu Wenchao, Tong Jinnan, 2018. Conchostracans from the Permian-Triassic Transition in Weibei Area of Shaanxi Province and Its Biostratigraphic. Earth Science, 43(11): 3910-3921. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.104
    Citation: Chu Daoliang, Miao Xue, Wu Yuyang, Guo Wenwei, Shu Wenchao, Tong Jinnan, 2018. Conchostracans from the Permian-Triassic Transition in Weibei Area of Shaanxi Province and Its Biostratigraphic. Earth Science, 43(11): 3910-3921. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.104

    陕西渭北二叠纪-三叠纪之交叶肢介化石及其地层对比

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.104
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41702015

    现代古生物学和地层学国家重点实验室开放课题基金项目 173104

    国家自然科学基金项目 41530104

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      楚道亮(1988-), 男, 副教授, 博士, 主要研究方向为陆相二叠纪-三叠纪之交古生物与地层学

    • 中图分类号: P52

    Conchostracans from the Permian-Triassic Transition in Weibei Area of Shaanxi Province and Its Biostratigraphic

    • 摘要: 陆相二叠纪-三叠纪地层划分与对比对全面认识该时期全球性重大生物与环境突变事件具有重要意义,也是当前国际古生物学与地层学研究的重点和难点.选择陕西渭北为重点研究区域,通过对该地区石川河剖面和后周公庙剖面的叶肢介化石进行系统的分类学研究,恢复了叶肢介化石的面貌和组合特征,从而利用叶肢介化石组合来进行该地区二叠纪-三叠纪之交的生物地层划分和对比.其中,石川河剖面共产出叶肢介化石4属8种,后周公庙剖面共产出叶肢介化石2属3种.据此,该地区二叠纪-三叠纪之交的叶肢介化石由老到新可划分为3个组合,分别是晚二叠世晚期的Pseudestheria minuta-Pseudestheria xinjiangensis组合,二叠纪-三叠纪过渡期的Euestheria gutta-Palaeolimnadiopsis vilujensis组合和早三叠世早期的Magniestheria subcircularis-Cornia germari组合,并且通过这些叶肢介化石组合可以大致建立不同沉积区之间的生物地层对比关系.另外,两条剖面上都存在叶肢介化石与海相化石同层产出的现象,认为通过研究陕西渭北地区由于多期次海泛事件所导致的海、陆混合生物群,有望建立二叠纪-三叠纪之交该地区与海相地层的生物地层对比关系.

       

    • 图  1  研究剖面地理位置

      Fig.  1.  The location of the studied sections

      图  2  研究剖面地层柱状图和野外照片

      a.石川河剖面和后周公庙剖面地层柱状图及化石产出位置,后周公庙剖面地层柱状图参考刘淑文和和政军(2000)和Feng et al.(2017);b.石川河剖面孙家沟组海相夹层,含有叶肢介化石和海相化石;c.后周公庙剖面岐山组中段野外照片;d.后周公庙剖面岐山组上段野外照片

      Fig.  2.  Lithostratigraphy and outcrops of the studied sections

      图  3  石川河剖面孙家沟组叶肢介化石

      a.多个叶肢介化石保存在一起,大部分的标本都被压平,个别保存了原始的几丁质壳,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-001;b.Euestheria gutta,左瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-002;c~f.宽短型Magniestheria mangaliensis;c.左瓣外模,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC8-003;d.右瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC8-C-004;e.右瓣外模,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC8-C-005;f.右瓣外模,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC8-C-006

      Fig.  3.  The conchostracans from the Sunjiagou Formation of the Shichuanhe Section

      图  4  石川河剖面孙家沟组叶肢介化石及电镜扫描照片

      a.Euestheria gutta,左瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-006;b.图 1标本胎壳的电镜扫描照片,可见胎壳较大;c.图a中下部白色方框放大图,生长带之间的网装纹饰;d.图e的放大图,可见网装纹饰紧密排列,大小统一,类似图c中的点状装饰脱落后形成的网格;e.Magniestheria mangaliensis,左瓣外模,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC8-003;f.图e标本前背部的电镜扫描照片,可见由于保存原因而离散分布的网状纹饰

      Fig.  4.  The conchostracans and its SEM images from the Sunjiagou Formation of Shichuanhe Section

      图  5  石川河剖面孙家沟组叶肢介化石

      a~c.Magniestheria mangaliensi,a.左瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-016;b.左瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-017;c.左瓣,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-018, d~f.Palaeolimnadiopsis vilujensis;d.右瓣外模,个体长度达到8.5 mm,后背角反弯曲,胎壳特别大,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-030;e.右瓣,胎壳特别大,后背角反弯曲明显,产自石川河剖面孙家沟组上部,标本号SC08-C-033;f.图e中标本的印模,可见清晰的后背角反弯曲

      Fig.  5.  The conchostracans from the Sunjiagou Formation of the Shichuanhe Section

      图  6  后周公庙剖面岐山组叶肢介化石

      a~b.Magniestheria mangaliensis,产自岐山组上段,a.右瓣外模,标本号HZ01-C-10;b.左瓣外模,标本号HZ01-C-14, c~f.Magniestheria subcircularis,产自岐山组上段;c.右瓣印模,标本号HZ-C-27;d.左瓣印模,标本号HZ-C-28;e.右瓣印模,标本号HZ-C-11;f.右瓣印模,标本号HZ-C-07

      Fig.  6.  The conchostracans from the Qishan Formation of the Houzhougongmiao Section

      图  7  黔西滇东地区卡以头组叶肢介化石Euestheria gutta

      化石均产自贵州威宁韭菜冲剖面卡以头组中部,图中比例尺为1 mm

      Fig.  7.  The Euestheria gutta conshostracans from the Kayitou Formation of the West Guizhou and East Yunnan

    • Algeo, T.J., Chen, Z.Q., Fraiser, M.L., et al., 2011.Terrestrial-Marine Teleconnections in the Collapse and Rebuilding of Early Triassic Marine Ecosystems.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 308(1-2):1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.01.011
      Benton, M.J., 1997.Models for the Diversification of Life.Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 12(12):490-495.https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(97)84410-2 http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/21238171
      Benton, M.J., Newell, A.J., 2014.Impacts of Global Warming on Permo-Triassic Terrestrial Ecosystems.Gondwana Research, 25(4):1308-1337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2012.12.010
      Benton, M.J., Tverdokhlebov, V.P., Surkov, M.V., 2004.Ecosystem Remodelling among Vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Russia.Nature, 432(7013):97-100. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02950
      Burgess, S.D., Bowring, S., Shen, S.Z., 2014.High-Precision Timeline for Earth's Most Severe Extinction.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(9):3316-3321. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317692111
      Chen, P.J., Dong, J., 1981.The Discovery of the Early Triassic Conchostracans in Jilin Province and Its Significance.Chinese Science Bulletin, 26(18):1128-1130 (in Chinese).
      Chen, Z.Q., Benton, M.J., 2012.The Timing and Pattern of Biotic Recovery Following the End-Permian Mass Extinction.Nature Geoscience, 5(6):375-383. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1475
      Cheng, Z.W., Qu, L.F., Hou, J.P., et al., 1983.Problems of Eumorphotis-Bearing Strata of the "Shihchienfeng Formation" in Qishan, Shaanxi.Journal of Stratigraphy, 7(3):161-168, 245 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DCXZ198303000.htm
      Chu, D.L., Yu, J.X., Tong, J.N., et al., 2016.Biostratigraphic Correlation and Mass Extinction during the Permian-Triassic Transition in Terrestrial-Marine Siliciclastic Settings of South China.Global and Planetary Change, 146:67-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2016.09.009
      Chu, D.L., Tong, J.N., Yu, J.X., et al., 2013.The Conchostracan Fauna from the Kayitou Formation of Western Guizhou, China.Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 52(3):265-280 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-GSWX201303001.htm
      Erwin, D.H., 1993.The Great Paleozoic Crisis:Life and Death in the Permian.Columbia University Press, New York, 327.
      Feng, X.Q., Chen, Z.Q., Benton, M.J., et al., 2017.A Diverse Trackway-Dominated Marine Ichnoassemblage from the Lower Triassic in the Northern Paleotethys:Ichnology and Implications for Biotic Recovery.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (in Press).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2017.11.059 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018217307368
      Jin, Y.G., Wang, Y., Wang, W., et al., 2000.Pattern of Marine Mass Extinction near the Permian-Triassic Boundary in South China.Science, 289(5478):432-436. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5478.432
      Jones, R., 1862.A Monograph of the Fossil Estheriae.Palaeontological Society, London, 150.
      Kozur, H., Seidel, G., 1983.Revision der Conchostracen-Faunen des Unteren und Mittleren Buntsandsteins.Teil Ⅰ.Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 11:289-417.
      Kozur, H.W., Mock, R., 1993.The Importance of Conchostracans for the Correlation of Continental and Marine Beds.In: Lucas, S.G., Morales, M., eds., The Nonmarine Triassic.New Mexico Museum Natural History &Science Bulletin, 3: 261-266.
      Kozur, H.W., Weems, R.E., 2010.The Biostratigraphic Importance of Conchostracans in the Continental Triassic of the Northern Hemisphere.Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 334(1):315-417.https://doi.org/10.1144/sp334.13 doi: 10.1144/SP334.13
      Liu, S.W., He, Z.J., 2000.Marine Conchostracans from the "Sunjiagou Formation" of Qishan, Shaanxi.Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 39(2):230-236 (in Chinese with English abstract).
      Lucas, S.G., 1998.Global Triassic Tetrapod Biostratigraphy and Biochronology.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 143(4):347-384.https://doi.org/10.1016/s0031-0182(98)00117-5 doi: 10.1016/S0031-0182(98)00117-5
      Martin, J.W., Davis, G.E., 2001.An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea.Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 39, 124. doi: 10.1651/0278-0372(2003)023[0495%3ABR]2.0.CO%3B2
      Metcalfe, I., Crowley, J.L., Nicoll, R.S., et al., 2015.High-Precision U-Pb CA-TIMS Calibration of Middle Permian to Lower Triassic Sequences, Mass Extinction and Extreme Climate-Change in Eastern Australian Gondwana.Gondwana Research, 28(1):61-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2014.09.002
      Novozhilov, N.I., 1946.New Phyllopoda from the Permian and Triassic Deposits of the Nordwick-Khatanga Region.Nedra Arktiki, 1:172-202 (in Russian).
      Pang, Q.Q., Jin, X.C., 2004.Ostracoda in the Guodikeng Formation and Continental Permian-Triassic Boundary of Dalongkou Section, Jimsar, Xinjiang.In: Editorial Committee of Professional Papers of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, ed., Professional Papers of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology.Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 28: 205-246 (in Chinese).
      Peng, Y.Q., Shi, G.R., 2009.Life Crises on Land across the Permian-Triassic Boundary in South China.Global and Planetary Change, 65(3/4):155-165.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2008.10.016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818108001884
      Qiu, X.C., Tong, J.N., Tian, L., et al., 2016.The Biostratigraphic Correlation of the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Jinzhong Section, Weining, Guizhou, South China.Earth Science, 41(10):1709-1722 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dqkx201610007
      Retallack, G.J., 1995.Permian-Triassic Life Crisis on Land.Science, 267(5194):77-80. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.267.5194.77
      Scholze, F., Golubev, V.K., Niedwiedzki, G., et al., 2015.Early Triassic Conchostracans (Crustacea:Branchiopoda) from the Terrestrial Permian-Triassic Boundary Sections in the Moscow Syncline.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 429:22-40.https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.04.002
      Scholze, F., Schneider, J.W., Werneburg, R., 2016.Conchostracans in Continental Deposits of the Zechstein-Buntsandstein Transition in Central Germany:Taxonomy and Biostratigraphic Implications for the Position of the Permian-Triassic Boundary within the Zechstein Group.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 449:174-193.https://doi.org/10.13039/501100001659 doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.021
      Shen, S.Z., Crowley, J.L., Wang, Y., et al., 2011.Calibrating the End-Permian Mass Extinction.Science, 334(6061):1367-1372. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1213454
      Smith, R.M.H., Ward, P.D., 2001.Pattern of Vertebrate Extinctions across an Event Bed at the Permian-Triassic Boundary in the Karoo Basin of South Africa.Geology, 29(12):1147-1150.https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<1147:poveaa>2.0.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<1147:POVEAA>2.0.CO;2
      Song, H.J., Tong, J.N., 2016.Mass Extinction and Survival during the Permian-Triassic Crisis.Earth Science, 41(6):901-918 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-DQKX201606001.htm
      Song, H.J., Wignall, P.B., Tong, J.N., et al., 2012.Two Pulses of Extinction during the Permian-Triassic Crisis.Nature Geoscience, 6(1):52-56.https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1649 http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v6/n1/ngeo1649/metrics
      Tong, J.N., Huang Y.F., Liang L., 2014.Early Triassic Biological-Environmental-Chronological Stratigraphy.Earth Science Frontiers, 21(2):144-156 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dxqy201402012
      Tong, J.N., Yin, H.F., 2015.Triassic Chronostratigraphy and Chinese Stages.Earth Science, 40(2):189-197 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dqkx201502002
      Twitchett, R.J., Looy, C.V., Morante, R., et al., 2001.Rapid and Synchronous Collapse of Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystems during the End-Permian Biotic Crisis.Geology, 29(4):351.https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0351:rascom>2.0.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(2001)029<0351:RASCOM>2.0.CO;2
      Wang, S.Y., Yin, H.F., 2001.Study on the Terrestrial Permian-Triassic Boundary in Western Guizhou and Eastern Yunnan.China University of Geosciences Press, Wuhan, 88 (in Chinese).
      Yang, Z.Y., Yin, H.F., Lin, H.M., 1979.Marine Triassic Faunas from Shihchienfeng Group in the Northern Weihe River Basin, Shaanxi Province.Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 18(5):465-474 (in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000005230665
      Yin, H.F., Lin, H.M., 1979.Marine Triassic Faunas and the Geologic Time from Shihchienfeng Group in the Northern Weihe River Basin, Shaanxi Province.Acta Stratigraphica Sinica, 3(4):233-241 (in Chinese). http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GSWX197905004.htm
      Yu, J.X., Broutin, J., Chen, Z.Q., et al., 2015.Vegetation Changeover across the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Southwest China.Extinction, Survival, Recovery and Palaeoclimate:A Critical Review.Earth-Science Reviews, 149:202-224.https://10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.04.005 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=764a0d8ba2b227f9f080e0e8944418e0
      Zhang, H., Cao, C.Q., Liu, X.L., et al., 2016.The Terrestrial End-Permian Mass Extinction in South China.Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448:108-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.07.002
      Zhang, K., 1983.Discussion on Triassic Marine Strata and Related Issues at the Southern Edge of Ordos Basin.Chinese Science Bulletin, 28(1):41-43 (in Chinese).
      陈丕基, 董洁, 1981.吉林早三叠世叶肢介的发现及其意义.科学通报, 26(18):1128-1130. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000001995847
      程政武, 曲立范, 侯静鹏, 等, 1983.陕西岐山产Eumorphotis的"石千峰组"地层问题.地层学杂志, 7(3):161-168, 245. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000000161853
      楚道亮, 童金南, 喻建新, 等, 2013.黔西地区卡以头组叶肢介动物群.古生物学报, 52 (3):265-280. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GSWX201303001.htm
      庞其清, 金小赤, 2004.新疆吉木萨尔大龙口锅底坑组的介形虫及陆相二叠系-三叠系界线.见: 地层古生物论文集编委会编, 地层古生物论文集.地质出版社, 北京, 28: 205-246.
      仇鑫程, 童金南, 田力, 等, 2016.贵州威宁金钟二叠系-三叠系界线剖面生物地层及其对比.地球科学, 41(10):1709-1722. http://earth-science.net/WebPage/Article.aspx?id=3373
      宋海军, 童金南, 2016.二叠纪-三叠纪之交生物大灭绝与残存.地球科学, 41(6):901-918. http://earth-science.net/WebPage/Article.aspx?id=3307
      童金南, 黄云飞, 梁蕾, 2014.早三叠世生物-环境-年代地层研究.地学前缘, 21(2):144-156. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Conference/8237661
      童金南, 殷鸿福, 2015.三叠纪年代地层与中国建阶.地球科学, 40(2):189-197. http://earth-science.net/WebPage/Article.aspx?id=3052
      王尚彦, 殷鸿福, 2001.滇东黔西陆相二叠纪-三叠纪界线地层研究.武汉:中国地质大学出版社.
      杨遵仪, 殷鸿福, 林和茂, 等, 1979.陕西渭北石千峰群的海相化石.古生物学报, 18(5):465-474. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000005230665
      殷鸿福, 林和茂, 1979.陕西渭北地区三叠纪海相化石层并论石千峰群的时代.地层学杂志, 3(4):233-241. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000000161654
      张抗, 1983.鄂尔多斯盆地南缘三叠纪海相层及有关问题的讨论.科学通报, 28(1):41-43. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QK000001996412
    • 加载中
    图(7)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  5736
    • HTML全文浏览量:  1762
    • PDF下载量:  52
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2018-04-17
    • 刊出日期:  2018-11-15

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回