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    朝鲜平南盆地寒武系黄州群和法洞群的碳同位素漂移事件

    金明哲 杨正赫 彭澎 张志越 朴贤旭 卞创男 朴雄 郑哲寿 翟明国

    金明哲, 杨正赫, 彭澎, 张志越, 朴贤旭, 卞创男, 朴雄, 郑哲寿, 翟明国, 2018. 朝鲜平南盆地寒武系黄州群和法洞群的碳同位素漂移事件. 地球科学, 43(11): 4096-4108. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.107
    引用本文: 金明哲, 杨正赫, 彭澎, 张志越, 朴贤旭, 卞创男, 朴雄, 郑哲寿, 翟明国, 2018. 朝鲜平南盆地寒武系黄州群和法洞群的碳同位素漂移事件. 地球科学, 43(11): 4096-4108. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.107
    Kim Myong-Chol, Yang Jong-Hyok, Peng Peng, Zhang Zhiyue, Park Hyon-Uk, Byon Chang-Nam, Park Ung, Jong Chol-Su, Zhai Mingguo, 2018. Carbon Isotope Excursions of Cambrian Hwangju and Bopdong Groups in Pyongnam Basin, Korean Peninsula. Earth Science, 43(11): 4096-4108. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.107
    Citation: Kim Myong-Chol, Yang Jong-Hyok, Peng Peng, Zhang Zhiyue, Park Hyon-Uk, Byon Chang-Nam, Park Ung, Jong Chol-Su, Zhai Mingguo, 2018. Carbon Isotope Excursions of Cambrian Hwangju and Bopdong Groups in Pyongnam Basin, Korean Peninsula. Earth Science, 43(11): 4096-4108. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.107

    朝鲜平南盆地寒武系黄州群和法洞群的碳同位素漂移事件

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.107
    基金项目: 

    中国科学院前沿重大基础项目 QYZDB-SSW-DQC04281712250

    国家自然科学基金项目 41772192

    国家自然科学基金项目 41322018

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      金明哲(1967-), 男, 研究员, 地层学专业

      通讯作者:

      彭澎

    • 中图分类号: P539.7;P56;P534.4

    Carbon Isotope Excursions of Cambrian Hwangju and Bopdong Groups in Pyongnam Basin, Korean Peninsula

    • 摘要: 朝鲜平南盆地寒武系包括黄州群和法洞群下部.为了与邻区及世界其他地区同时期地层进行对比,对黄州群(从下到上分为坪山组、中和组、黑桥组和林村组)和法洞群下部(戊辰组和古丰组)进行了生物地层学和碳酸盐岩碳和氧同位素分析.生物地层学研究表明,坪山组和中和组分别不早于寒武系第三阶和第四阶.坪山组δ13C值变化范围为0~-3.1‰,中和组为-4.7‰~2.0‰,黑桥组为-1.0‰~2.4‰,林村组为-2.6‰~0.4‰,戊辰组为-1.3‰~0.4‰,古丰组为-1.0‰~2.4‰.综合对比分析,坪山组、中和组和黑桥组大致对应寒武系第三阶-第四阶,林村组大致对应第二统与苗岭统界线附近,古丰组大致对应芙蓉统.中和组上部-黑桥组(正漂移)、林村组下部(负漂移)和古丰组中部(正漂移)记录的3个碳同位素漂移事件可能分别对应MICE(mIngxinsi carbon isotope excursion)、ROECE(redlichiid-olenellid extinction carbon isotope excursion)和SPICE(steptoean positive carbon isotope excursion)全球性事件.

       

    • 图  1  平南盆地中部地质简图

      改编自Paek et al.(1996)

      Fig.  1.  Simplified geological map of the central Pyongnam basin

      图  2  平南盆地寒武系地层代表性三叶虫(a~b)和腕足类(c~g)化石照片

      a.Hsuaspis coreanicus(中和组);b.Oryctocephalus longispinformis(黑桥组);c.Obolus margaritae(中和组);d.Botsfordia granulata(黑桥组);e.Obolus linyuensis(戊辰组);f.Lingulella tangshihensis(戊辰组);g.Acrothele asiatica(戊辰组).参见Paek et al.(1996)

      Fig.  2.  Representative fossils in the strata of the Cambrian in the Pyongnam basin

      图  3  平南盆地寒武系生物带分布简图

      Fig.  3.  Simplified biozone distribution in the Pyongnam basin during Cambrian period

      图  4  平南盆地寒武系碳酸盐岩δ13C-δ18O相关图

      坪山组及中和组据金明哲等(2016)

      Fig.  4.  Correlation diagram of δ18O and δ13C of carbonates of the Cambrian carbonate rock in the Pyongnam basin

      图  5  平南盆地寒武系地层柱状图及碳酸盐岩δ13C值变化

      地层柱修改自Paek et al.(1996),地层总厚度约1 300 m.坪山组及中和组据金明哲等(2016)

      Fig.  5.  Cambrian strata column and variation of the δ13C values of carbonate samples in the Pyongnam basin

      图  6  朝鲜平南盆地与华南、西伯利亚、北美等地寒武系碳酸盐岩同位素值变化对比

      改编自樊茹(2011);坪山组及中和组数据金明哲等(2016)

      Fig.  6.  Comparison of carbon isotope of the Cambrian carbonates in the Pyongnam basin with those equivalents in South China, Siberia and Northern America

      表  1  平南盆地寒武系碳酸盐岩的碳和氧稳定同位素组成

      Table  1.   Carbon and oxygen isotopes of the Cambrian carbonates from the Pyongnam basin

      层位 岩石 样品号 13Ccarb
      (‰, VPDB)
      18Ocarb
      (‰, VPDB)
      古丰组 灰岩 16-Jc-33 -1 -13
      泥质灰岩 16-Jc-32 -0.9 -15.3
      泥质灰岩 16-Jc-31 -0.9 -15.6
      白云岩 16-Jc-30 0.4 -8.6
      白云岩 16-Jc-29 -0.6 -8.5
      白云岩 16-Jc-27 0.6 -11.4
      白云岩 15-S-17 1.8 -7.6
      白云岩 16-Jc-26 1.4 -11.7
      白云岩 15-S-15 0.4 -7.8
      灰岩 16-Jc-24 0.6 -10.3
      白云岩 15-S-14 0.9 -7.9
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-23 2.4 -9.9
      白云岩 16-Jc-22 0.2 -9.6
      白云岩 16-Jc-20 0.4 -10.3
      白云岩 16-Jc-19 0.4 -9.9
      白云岩 15-S-12 0.5 -7.8
      白云岩 15-S-10 0.7 -9.6
      白云岩 16-Jc-17 0.3 -10.7
      戊辰组 泥灰岩 16-Jc-15 -0.2 -9.9
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-14 0.1 -13.8
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-13 0 -9.9
      灰岩 15-S-8 0.4 -9.7
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-12 0.3 -9.5
      灰岩 15-S-7 -1.3 -8.8
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-11 0.3 -9.2
      林村组 灰岩 16-Ku-2 -0.8 -11.5
      灰岩 16-Jc-10 0.4 -14
      灰岩 16-Ku-1 -2.6 -8.1
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-9 -2.5 -12.1
      粘土质灰岩 16-Jc-7 -0.9 -10.3
      灰岩 16-Jc-6 -0.8 -12.6
      灰岩 16-Sh-2 0.1 -10.4
      灰岩 16-Sh-1 -0.3 -11.7
      黑桥组 灰岩 14-J-24 -1.0 -11.7
      灰岩 14-J-20 0.2 -16.9
      灰岩 15-J-24 2.4 -10.5
      灰岩 15-J-23 1.2 -8.8
      下载: 导出CSV
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