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    祁漫塔格阿确墩地区花岗岩岩石成因:来自锆石U-Pb年代学、地球化学及Hf同位素的制约

    王月飞 李猛 查显锋 胡朝斌 李瑶 高晓峰

    王月飞, 李猛, 查显锋, 胡朝斌, 李瑶, 高晓峰, 2018. 祁漫塔格阿确墩地区花岗岩岩石成因:来自锆石U-Pb年代学、地球化学及Hf同位素的制约. 地球科学, 43(12): 4319-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.133
    引用本文: 王月飞, 李猛, 查显锋, 胡朝斌, 李瑶, 高晓峰, 2018. 祁漫塔格阿确墩地区花岗岩岩石成因:来自锆石U-Pb年代学、地球化学及Hf同位素的制约. 地球科学, 43(12): 4319-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.133
    Wang Yuefei, Li Meng, Zha Xianfeng, Hu Chaobin, Li Yao, Gao Xiaofeng, 2018. Origin of Granites from A'quedun Area in Qimantage Mountains: Constraints from Zircon U-Pb Dating, Geochemistry and Hf Isotope. Earth Science, 43(12): 4319-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.133
    Citation: Wang Yuefei, Li Meng, Zha Xianfeng, Hu Chaobin, Li Yao, Gao Xiaofeng, 2018. Origin of Granites from A'quedun Area in Qimantage Mountains: Constraints from Zircon U-Pb Dating, Geochemistry and Hf Isotope. Earth Science, 43(12): 4319-4333. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.133

    祁漫塔格阿确墩地区花岗岩岩石成因:来自锆石U-Pb年代学、地球化学及Hf同位素的制约

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.133
    基金项目: 

    长安大学高校基金项目 300102278401

    陕西省青年科技新星支撑项目 2013KJXX-68

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20160002

    国家科技支撑课题 2015BAB05B01

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王月飞(1992-), 男, 硕士研究生, 主要研究方向为岩浆岩与成矿

      通讯作者:

      高晓峰

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Origin of Granites from A'quedun Area in Qimantage Mountains: Constraints from Zircon U-Pb Dating, Geochemistry and Hf Isotope

    • 摘要: 祁漫塔格阿确墩地区花岗岩的形成背景对东昆仑加里东期碰撞-伸展过程具有重要制约意义.阿确墩地区泥盆纪侵入岩主要由花岗闪长岩和英云闪长岩组成,锆石U-Pb定年结果显示,花岗闪长岩和英云闪长岩形成年龄分别为385±5 Ma和393±5 Ma,为中泥盆世岩浆活动的产物.花岗闪长岩的SiO2含量为63.56%~66.57%,Mg#为0.31~0.35,K2O/Na2O比值为0.49~0.66,铝饱和指数A/CNK值为0.95~1.02,富集Rb、Ba和LREE,亏损Nb-Ta、Sr、P和Ti等元素,具有明显Eu负异常(δEu=0.38~0.98).相对于花岗闪长岩,英云闪长岩具有较高的SiO2含量(67.93%~70.76%),K2O/Na2O值近于1(0.70~1.04),Mg#为0.22~0.33,铝饱和指数A/CNK值介于0.99~1.02,在稀土和微量元素标准化图解上,富集LREE和LILEs(Rb、Ba),亏损HFSEs(Nb-Ta、P和Ti)元素,但表现出更为明显的LREE/HREE分异、弱的铕负异常或无异常(δEu=0.80~1.06),并具有较为宽泛的锆石Hf同位素组成(εHft)=+1.91~+15.63,TDM2(Hf)=0.53~1.28 Ga).区域地质研究表明,祁漫塔格地区在中泥盆世期间处于后碰撞伸展环境,阿确墩地区花岗质岩石为俯冲板片折返机制下,诱发的幔源基性岩浆同化混染古老地壳物质部分熔融形成,花岗闪长岩和英云闪长岩熔融压力条件随时间变化表明,中泥盆世期间区域仍然处于地壳厚度持续减薄的过程.

       

    • 图  1  东昆仑祁漫塔格阿确墩岩体分布

      Fig.  1.  The distribution of A'quedun plutons in the Qimantage area of East Kunlun

      图  2  阿确墩花岗闪长岩和英云闪长岩野外和镜下照片

      a, c.花岗闪长岩; b, d.英云闪长岩; Qtz.石英; Pl.斜长石; Mic.微斜长石; Bt.黑云母; Sph.榍石

      Fig.  2.  The field photos and the microscopic characteristics of the granodiorite and tonalite from A'quedun area

      图  3  阿确墩地区花岗闪长岩(a)和英云闪长岩(b)锆石阴极发光图像

      Fig.  3.  Zircon CL images of the granodiorite (a) and tonalite (b) from A'quedun area

      图  4  阿确墩地区花岗闪长岩(a, b)和英云闪长岩(c, d)U-Pb年龄谐和图

      Fig.  4.  Zircon U-Pb concordia diagrams of the granodiorite (a, b) and tonalite (c, d) from A'quedun area

      图  5  阿确墩花岗质岩石K2O-SiO2图解(a)和A/NK-A/CNK图解(b)

      a.据Castro et al.(1999); b.据Maniar and Piccoli(1989)

      Fig.  5.  K2O-SiO2 (a) and A/NK-A/CNK (b) diagrams for the granitic rocks from A'quedun area

      图  6  阿确墩花岗质岩石稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分图解(a, c)与微量元素原始地幔标准化蛛网图(b, d)

      标准化数值据Sun and McDonough(1989)

      Fig.  6.  Chondrite-normalized REE patterns (a, c) and primitive mantle-normalized spidergrams (b, d) for the granitic rocks from A'quedun area

      图  7  花岗岩形成压力Sr-Yb判别图解

      张旗等(2006).Ⅰ.高Sr低Yb型;Ⅱ.低Sr低Yb型;Ⅲ.高Sr高Yb型;Ⅳ.低Sr高Yb型;Ⅴ.非常低Sr高Yb型

      Fig.  7.  Granite formation pressure Sr vs.Yb discrimination diagram

      图  8  SiO2-Mg#图解(a)和英云闪长岩锆石U-Pb年龄与εHf(t)图解(b)

      Kaygusuz et al.(2008)

      Fig.  8.  SiO2-Mg# diagram (a) and εHf(t) vs. U-Pb ages of zircons for the tonalite (b)

      表  1  阿确墩地区英云闪长岩(D1602-1)锆石原位Hf同位素组成

      Table  1.   Zircon Hf isotopic data of the tonalite (D1602-1) from A'quedun area

      测点号 年龄(Ma) 176Yb/177Hf 176Lu/177Hf 176Hf/177Hf ±2σ εHf(t) TDM(Ga) TDM2(Ga) fLu/Hf
      Hf-1602-1 401 0.030 770 0.001 127 0.282 719 0.000 021 6.64 0.76 0.97 -0.97
      Hf-1602-2 375 0.032 074 0.001 181 0.282 719 0.000 018 6.09 0.76 0.98 -0.96
      Hf-1602-3 402 0.023 307 0.000 823 0.282 647 0.000 018 4.20 0.85 1.12 -0.98
      Hf-1602-4 404 0.075 319 0.002 355 0.282 844 0.000 024 10.81 0.60 0.71 -0.93
      Hf-1602-5 396 0.081 269 0.002 871 0.282 824 0.000 024 9.82 0.64 0.76 -0.91
      Hf-1602-6 413 0.032 299 0.000 976 0.282 577 0.000 021 1.91 0.96 1.28 -0.97
      Hf-1602-7 380 0.112 975 0.003 418 0.283 002 0.000 036 15.63 0.38 0.38 -0.90
      Hf-1602-8 404 0.048 708 0.001 565 0.282 710 0.000 022 6.26 0.78 1.00 -0.95
      Hf-1602-9 412 0.064 566 0.002 026 0.282 830 0.000 023 10.57 0.62 0.73 -0.94
      Hf-1602-10 410 0.053 500 0.001 810 0.282 736 0.000 024 7.27 0.75 0.94 -0.95
      Hf-1602-11 392 0.024 891 0.000 830 0.282 648 0.000 018 4.03 0.85 1.13 -0.98
      Hf-1602-12 389 0.035 046 0.001 113 0.282 665 0.000 019 4.49 0.84 1.10 -0.97
      Hf-1602-13 401 0.056 838 0.001 827 0.282 782 0.000 023 8.69 0.68 0.84 -0.94
      Hf-1602-14 403 0.068 442 0.002 067 0.282 757 0.000 021 7.79 0.72 0.90 -0.94
      Hf-1602-15 387 0.088 779 0.002 809 0.282 854 0.000 021 10.70 0.59 0.70 -0.92
      Hf-1602-16 402 0.030 900 0.000 979 0.282 679 0.000 020 5.30 0.81 1.05 -0.97
      Hf-1602-17 376 0.050 713 0.001 555 0.282 773 0.000 023 7.91 0.69 0.87 -0.95
      Hf-1602-18 390 0.037 764 0.001 203 0.282 707 0.000 020 5.95 0.78 1.00 -0.96
      Hf-1602-19 382 0.048 429 0.001 536 0.282 735 0.000 021 6.72 0.74 0.95 -0.95
      Hf-1602-20 386 0.054 063 0.001 639 0.282 723 0.000 021 6.32 0.76 0.98 -0.95
      Hf-1602-21 385 0.066 333 0.002 116 0.282 822 0.000 027 9.69 0.63 0.76 -0.94
      Hf-1602-22 413 0.093 557 0.002 968 0.282 925 0.000 020 13.67 0.49 0.53 -0.91
      Hf-1602-23 396 0.053 420 0.001 685 0.282 788 0.000 024 8.82 0.67 0.83 -0.95
      Hf-1602-24 396 0.030 949 0.001 039 0.282 692 0.000 018 5.61 0.80 1.03 -0.97
      Hf-1602-25 396 0.044 868 0.001 501 0.282 706 0.000 016 5.99 0.78 1.01 -0.95
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  阿确墩地区花岗岩的主量(%)、微量(10-6)元素分析结果

      Table  2.   Major (%) and trace (10-6) element concentrations of the granitic rocks from A'quedun area

      样号 花岗闪长岩 英云闪长岩
      D1601-1H D1601-2H D1601-3H D1601-4H D1601-5H D1601-6H D1602-1H D1602-2H D1602-3H D1602-4H D1602-5H D1602-6H
      SiO2 62.53 64.61 64.56 65.72 65.26 64.18 67.97 66.53 66.85 70.00 66.71 67.41
      Al2O3 17.21 16.36 16.68 16.32 16.50 16.82 15.33 15.22 15.49 14.62 15.54 15.59
      Fe2O3 1.55 1.30 1.53 1.44 1.30 1.27 0.75 1.01 1.17 1.06 0.92 0.98
      FeO 3.15 3.70 2.70 2.29 2.70 3.15 2.45 2.92 2.70 2.00 2.75 2.55
      CaO 4.06 2.84 3.76 3.56 3.65 3.83 2.63 2.09 3.08 1.97 2.59 2.63
      MgO 1.56 1.41 1.36 1.24 1.29 1.40 0.92 1.17 1.09 0.53 0.89 0.97
      K2O 2.49 2.81 2.96 2.68 2.56 2.32 3.78 4.08 2.89 4.19 3.63 3.79
      Na2O 4.90 4.79 4.50 4.70 4.79 4.75 3.79 4.08 4.15 4.03 4.21 3.86
      TiO2 0.62 0.56 0.56 0.55 0.53 0.58 0.42 0.58 0.53 0.36 0.46 0.44
      P2O5 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.17 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.09 0.11 0.13
      MnO 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.08 0.10 0.10
      LOI 1.55 1.26 1.06 1.23 1.13 1.35 1.70 1.98 1.74 0.97 1.99 1.48
      Total 99.93 99.93 99.93 99.95 99.96 99.95 99.95 99.92 99.94 99.90 99.90 99.93
      A/CNK 0.95 1.02 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.97 1.01 1.02 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.02
      A/NK 1.60 1.50 1.57 1.54 1.55 1.63 1.48 1.37 1.56 1.31 1.43 1.49
      Na2O+K2O 7.51 7.70 7.55 7.48 7.44 7.17 7.70 8.33 7.17 8.31 8.01 7.77
      K2O/Na2O 0.51 0.59 0.66 0.57 0.53 0.49 1.00 1.00 0.70 1.04 0.86 0.98
      Mg# 0.35 0.31 0.34 0.35 0.34 0.34 0.32 0.33 0.31 0.22 0.28 0.31
      M 1.76 1.60 1.70 1.67 1.69 1.68 1.51 1.53 1.57 1.52 1.56 1.52
      TZr(℃) 816 830 813 809 757 799 775 806 828 830 810 788
      La 35.6 32.3 33.2 30.6 28.3 27.7 30.3 55.3 22.0 39.3 22.0 39.1
      Ce 67.2 63.5 77.4 55.2 62.6 60.3 58.0 105.0 41.8 58.3 35.6 71.5
      Pr 9.22 8.66 10.80 7.04 8.00 7.76 6.69 10.90 5.25 8.97 4.69 8.09
      Nd 34.9 33.9 50.0 24.8 29.3 29.6 23.1 34.2 19.7 31.2 16.8 27.8
      Sm 6.98 7.58 13.20 4.54 6.24 6.76 4.27 4.78 4.06 6.27 3.26 5.21
      Eu 1.34 1.15 1.70 1.38 1.39 1.32 1.32 1.54 1.01 1.61 1.03 1.37
      Gd 6.50 7.36 13.60 3.90 5.64 6.27 3.45 3.88 3.62 5.67 2.85 4.34
      Tb 1.06 1.26 2.35 0.72 0.98 1.11 0.59 0.61 0.58 0.91 0.49 0.66
      Dy 6.33 7.75 15.80 4.33 6.32 6.94 3.08 2.76 3.60 5.46 2.58 3.68
      Ho 1.24 1.58 3.26 0.95 1.33 1.41 0.61 0.51 0.74 1.11 0.51 0.69
      Er 3.56 4.22 9.16 2.72 3.79 3.99 1.64 1.44 1.98 3.02 1.40 1.86
      Tm 0.54 0.63 1.32 0.42 0.59 0.62 0.24 0.23 0.30 0.43 0.21 0.28
      Yb 3.60 4.04 8.08 2.79 3.92 4.26 1.55 1.46 1.96 2.91 1.38 1.76
      Lu 0.54 0.60 1.14 0.43 0.55 0.64 0.24 0.22 0.29 0.41 0.21 0.27
      Y 37.4 44.4 95.2 25.8 37.6 39.2 15.0 13.0 17.8 27.4 12.7 17.4
      Rb 99.7 96.1 120.0 45.8 100.0 98.3 73.1 107.0 38.0 78.3 41.5 70.7
      Ba 569 441 826 802 742 572 1 030 999 494 1 090 663 971
      Th 15.60 11.50 11.00 8.15 8.79 7.32 5.86 11.30 5.20 10.10 5.25 7.65
      U 2.55 1.84 2.22 1.50 1.80 1.85 1.31 1.84 1.45 1.16 1.41 1.55
      Ta 1.14 1.08 1.81 1.04 1.02 1.14 0.59 0.67 0.62 0.81 0.47 0.66
      Nb 13.30 13.30 18.60 16.40 12.00 12.60 6.66 6.80 8.95 10.40 7.50 7.51
      Ge 1.26 1.36 1.47 1.18 1.30 1.47 1.20 1.25 1.37 1.31 1.30 1.16
      Sr 369 236 416 308 356 303 215 231 198 150 156 188
      Zr 304 307 280 260 144 234 155 224 293 288 240 180
      Hf 7.86 7.84 7.47 6.76 4.05 6.53 4.24 5.97 7.37 7.48 6.02 4.82
      Ga 21.3 21.2 21.9 18.2 20.6 21.3 16.8 18.7 16.2 17.4 16.1 17.6
      Nb 13.30 13.30 18.60 16.40 12.00 12.60 6.66 6.80 8.95 10.40 7.50 7.51
      Ta 1.14 1.08 1.81 1.04 1.02 1.14 0.59 0.67 0.62 0.81 0.47 0.66
      ∑REE 178.60 174.50 241.00 139.80 159.00 158.70 135.10 222.80 106.90 165.60 93.01 166.60
      ∑LREE 155.20 147.10 186.30 123.60 135.80 133.40 123.70 211.70 93.82 145.70 83.38 153.10
      ∑HREE 23.37 27.44 54.71 16.26 23.12 25.24 11.40 11.11 13.07 19.92 9.63 13.54
      LREE/HREE 6.64 5.36 3.41 7.60 5.88 5.29 10.85 19.06 7.18 7.31 8.66 11.31
      (La/Yb)N 7.09 5.73 2.95 7.87 5.18 4.66 14.02 27.17 8.05 9.69 11.44 15.94
      (La/Sm)N 3.29 2.75 1.62 4.35 2.93 2.65 4.58 7.47 3.50 4.05 4.36 4.84
      (Gd/Yb)N 1.49 1.51 1.39 1.16 1.19 1.22 1.84 2.20 1.53 1.61 1.71 2.04
      δEu 0.61 0.47 0.39 1.00 0.72 0.62 1.05 1.09 0.81 0.83 1.03 0.88
      Nb/Ta 11.67 12.31 10.28 15.77 11.76 11.05 11.29 10.15 14.44 12.84 15.96 11.38
      Zr/Hf 38.68 39.16 37.48 38.46 35.56 35.83 36.56 37.52 39.76 38.50 39.87 37.34
      注:FeOT= FeO+Fe2O3×0.899 8;Mg#=(MgO/40.304 4)/100((MgO/40.304 4)+(FeOT/71.844));δEu =2EuN/(SmN+GdN);全岩岩石化学参数M(阳离子比率)=(Na+K+2Ca)/(Si×Al).
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-01-04
    • 刊出日期:  2018-12-15

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