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    贵州海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线研究展望

    江海水 陈龑 刘芬

    江海水, 陈龑, 刘芬, 2018. 贵州海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线研究展望. 地球科学, 43(11): 3947-3954. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.144
    引用本文: 江海水, 陈龑, 刘芬, 2018. 贵州海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线研究展望. 地球科学, 43(11): 3947-3954. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.144
    Jiang Haishui, Chen Yan, Liu Fen, 2018. Research Prospects on Marine Ladinian-Carnian Boundary in Guizhou Province. Earth Science, 43(11): 3947-3954. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.144
    Citation: Jiang Haishui, Chen Yan, Liu Fen, 2018. Research Prospects on Marine Ladinian-Carnian Boundary in Guizhou Province. Earth Science, 43(11): 3947-3954. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.144

    贵州海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线研究展望

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.144
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 DD20160120-04

    国家自然科学基金项目 41830320

    科技部基础性工作专项项目 2015FY310100-11

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      江海水(1975-), 男, 教授, 博士, 从事三叠纪牙形石与地质事件研究及相关教学工作

    • 中图分类号: P581

    Research Prospects on Marine Ladinian-Carnian Boundary in Guizhou Province

    • 摘要: 全球海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线(Ladinian-Carnian Boundary,LCB)层型已经确定意大利的Prati Di Stuores/Stuores Wiesen剖面,菊石Daxatina canadensis(Whiteaves)的首现位置标志着卡尼阶的底界.该界线通常被认为与牙形石Quadralella polygnathiformis或者Budurovignathus diebeli的首现接近,然而该界线在我国的确定却存在一定争议.一方面,由于主要的标志菊石Daxatina canadensis缺乏;另一方面,菊石(如Trachyceras)生物地层确定的界线比起牙形石生物地层确定的界线要高许多.如在我国华南海相LCB地层发育最好的贵州西南地区,依据菊石一般将LCB置于竹杆坡组顶部附近,而依据牙形石生物地层,则又置LCB于竹杆坡组底部附近.贵州贞丰龙场大坪子剖面杨柳井组上部发育有牙形石Quadralella polygnathiformisBudurovignathus属分子共生的过渡层,其时代可能归入卡尼阶的第一个亚阶Cordevolian.是以贵州贞丰龙场大坪子剖面的LCB可能置于杨柳井组上部.但是,确定我国海相LCB仍需综合牙形石、菊石等生物地层,辅以磁性地层以及绝对年龄等多手段的研究来互相印证.

       

    • 图  1  拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线生物地层与绝对年龄

      特提斯菊石生物地层引自Jenks et al.(2015);牙形石生物地层引自Kozur(2003)Chen et al.(2015)Bu.=BudurovignathusQ.=Quadralella;绝对年龄值引自Mundil et al.(1996)Brühwiler et al.(2007)Mietto et al.(2012)

      Fig.  1.  Correlation of Ladinian-Carnian conodont and ammonoid zones with absolute ages at Tethys

      图  2  贵州地区不同学者确定的海相拉丁阶-卡尼阶界线

      Fig.  2.  Conflictions among scholars about the marine Ladinian-Carnian boundary at Guizhou area

      图  3  贵州贞丰龙场大坪子剖面牙形石及菊石分布

      Fig.  3.  Conodonts and ammonoid distributions at the Dapingzi Section, Zhenfeng, Guizhou

      图  4  产于贵州贞丰龙场大坪子剖面的部分牙形石

      比例尺=500 μm,标本保存在中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院地球生物学系,a为口视,b为反口视,c为侧视.1~3,Q. polygnathiformis;1.LCC-001,1-i039;2.LCC-004,1-i065;3.LCC-012,1-i041.4~6,Budurovignathus sp.;4.LCC-004,1-i082;5.LCC-004,1-i084;6.LCC-005,1-i023

      Fig.  4.  Selected photos of key conodonts from the Ladinian-Carnian Boundary Strata of the Dapingzi Section

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