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    潮滩沉积物-水界面磷、铁的高分辨率分布特征及生物地球化学行为

    潘峰 郭占荣 刘花台 王博 李志伟 庄振杰

    潘峰, 郭占荣, 刘花台, 王博, 李志伟, 庄振杰, 2018. 潮滩沉积物-水界面磷、铁的高分辨率分布特征及生物地球化学行为. 地球科学, 43(11): 4109-4119. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.177
    引用本文: 潘峰, 郭占荣, 刘花台, 王博, 李志伟, 庄振杰, 2018. 潮滩沉积物-水界面磷、铁的高分辨率分布特征及生物地球化学行为. 地球科学, 43(11): 4109-4119. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.177
    Pan Feng, Guo Zhanrong, Liu Huatai, Wang Bo, Li Zhiwei, Zhuang Zhenjie, 2018. High-Resolution Distribution and Biogeochemical Behavior of Phosphorus and Iron at Sediment-Water Interface of Tidal Flat. Earth Science, 43(11): 4109-4119. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.177
    Citation: Pan Feng, Guo Zhanrong, Liu Huatai, Wang Bo, Li Zhiwei, Zhuang Zhenjie, 2018. High-Resolution Distribution and Biogeochemical Behavior of Phosphorus and Iron at Sediment-Water Interface of Tidal Flat. Earth Science, 43(11): 4109-4119. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.177

    潮滩沉积物-水界面磷、铁的高分辨率分布特征及生物地球化学行为

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.177
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41672226

    国家自然科学基金项目 41372242

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      潘峰(1990-), 男, 博士研究生, 研究方向为海岸带水文地质

      通讯作者:

      郭占荣

    • 中图分类号: P736.4

    High-Resolution Distribution and Biogeochemical Behavior of Phosphorus and Iron at Sediment-Water Interface of Tidal Flat

    • 摘要: 为了解潮间带微环境中磷、铁元素的分布和耦合规律及对磷释放的影响,借助薄膜扩散梯度技术(ZrO-Chelex DGT)原位高分辨率获取九龙江口红树林潮滩孔隙水剖面的溶解活性磷(DRP)、Fe2+浓度,并测定沉积物相应的理化参数.研究结果表明:(1)在表层孔隙水中,DRP、Fe2+浓度呈现显著的正相关性,证实了磷、铁元素的耦合关系以及沉积物铁氧化物对磷吸附/解吸附的控制作用;(2)在深部还原带,DRP浓度相对Fe2+浓度具有较大的波动,主要受到沉积物异质性以及红树植物吸收等的影响;(3)根据表层孔隙水中DRP的浓度梯度计算获得磷的分子扩散通量为0.000 64~0.006 00 μg·cm-2·d-1,结果远低于一般湖泊沉积物内源磷的扩散通量,原因是富铁且具较深氧化带的潮滩沉积物中的磷-铁耦合关系有效地抑制了磷的释放.

       

    • 图  1  研究区位置及低潮时采样点分布

      Fig.  1.  Sampling sites in the study area of low tide

      图  2  沉积物磷形态垂向分布

      Fig.  2.  Vertical distributions of P fractions in sediments

      图  3  孔隙水中磷、铁浓度垂直分布

      Fig.  3.  Vertical distributions of P and Fe concentrations in porewater

      图  4  林缘沉积物柱样剖面

      Fig.  4.  Profile of sediment core at mangrove edge

      图  5  ABC三处不同深度段DRP与Fe2+浓度的线性相关

      Fig.  5.  Linear correlation between DRP and Fe2+ concentrations at diverse depth ranges at three stations

      图  6  ABC表层5cm深度范围DRP的浓度变化

      Fig.  6.  Linear correlation between uppermost 5cm depth and DRP concentrations

      表  1  林缘、光滩、水下沉积物理化特征

      Table  1.   Statistical data of properties in sediments at mangrove edge, bare flat and underwater

      深度(cm) TP(mg/kg) 盐度(g/kg) θg(%) TFe(g/kg) TOC(g/kg) 砂(%) 粉砂(%) 粘土(%)
      林缘
      0~2 781 9.0 47.81 15.29 12.98 3.4 75.3 21.3
      2~4 750 8.5 47.52 14.71 13.83 3.8 67.7 28.5
      4~6 971 9.5 48.27 16.20 11.71 2.5 72.0 25.5
      6~8 856 8.5 48.65 15.71 21.11 3.3 74.3 22.4
      8~10 809 9.5 47.24 15.22 18.15 3.9 73.1 23.0
      10~15 781 9.0 44.74 15.65 18.74 4.5 66.3 29.2
      15~20 581 8.5 42.26 15.57 13.41 4.8 73.1 22.1
      20~25 629 8.5 41.77 15.80 17.56 4.9 70.7 24.4
      25~30 650 7.5 41.56 15.78 20.35 3.8 74.0 22.2
      30~35 676 8.0 43.99 16.35 14.00 1.6 73.0 25.4
      平均值 712 8.5 44.30 15.71 16.45 3.9 71.6 24.5
      光滩
      0~2 886 8.5 48.97 15.91 6.80 18.9 65.2 16.1
      2~4 989 6.0 48.29 16.44 8.07 5.4 73.3 21.3
      4~6 1 047 7.5 49.73 16.50 7.14 1.3 73.4 25.3
      6~8 1 046 8.5 49.47 16.67 5.87 1.4 71.2 27.4
      8~10 986 10 47.64 12.85 9.09 2.9 71.5 25.6
      10~15 1 035 8.5 47.04 16.07 12.39 2.0 74.0 24.0
      15~20 797 7.0 43.93 14.36 8.75 5.8 65.4 28.8
      20~25 894 7.0 44.82 15.99 10.95 2.7 73.2 24.1
      25~30 570 5.5 39.91 16.37 11.71 1.1 71.1 27.8
      30~35 565 6.0 44.80 15.85 15.78 1.5 64.6 33.9
      平均值 835 7.2 45.45 15.71 10.62 3.7 70.3 26.0
      水下
      0~2 1 080 6.0 57.13 15.85 15.78 7.1 70.7 22.2
      2~4 859 11.0 50.09 16.19 28.74 7.3 72.4 20.3
      4~6 803 7.5 50.23 16.27 26.87 2.3 77.5 20.2
      6~8 1 036 7.5 50.90 16.40 22.81 8.9 67.0 24.1
      8~10 947 10.0 51.75 15.99 20.10 0.9 75.8 23.3
      10~15 1 132 12.0 51.10 16.35 25.43 0.6 78.4 21.0
      15~20 935 13.0 49.59 16.44 19.17 1.2 76.6 22.2
      20~25 1 044 11.5 47.80 16.19 31.36 3.4 76.5 20.1
      25~30 686 10.5 44.62 16.44 24.33 6.5 67.6 25.9
      30~35 908 8.0 44.00 16.44 20.01 6.6 70.7 22.7
      平均值 942 10.0 48.74 16.31 23.08 4.0 73.8 22.2
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  与湖泊沉积物磷扩散通量的对比

      Table  2.   Comparison of P diffusion flux with other areas

      研究地点 扩散通量(μg·cm-2·d-1) 文献来源
      九龙江口 0.00064~0.00600 本研究
      红枫湖 0.032~0.251 罗婧等,2015
      巢湖 0.004~0.079 Han et al., 2015
      洪泽湖 0.017~0.079 Yao et al., 2016
      洞庭湖 -0.003~0.020 Gao et al., 2016
      太湖 -0.021~0.065 Ding et al., 2015
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-03-19
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