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    伸展型复合盆山体系下江汉盆地中、新生代幕式沉降与迁移

    王德良 梅廉夫 刘云生 吴路路 闵才政 罗劲

    王德良, 梅廉夫, 刘云生, 吴路路, 闵才政, 罗劲, 2018. 伸展型复合盆山体系下江汉盆地中、新生代幕式沉降与迁移. 地球科学, 43(11): 4180-4192. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.211
    引用本文: 王德良, 梅廉夫, 刘云生, 吴路路, 闵才政, 罗劲, 2018. 伸展型复合盆山体系下江汉盆地中、新生代幕式沉降与迁移. 地球科学, 43(11): 4180-4192. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.211
    Wang Deliang, Mei Lianfu, Liu Yunsheng, Wu Lulu, Min Caizheng, Luo Jin, 2018. Mesozoic-Cenozoic Episodic Subsidence and Migration of Jianghan Basin in Extensional Composite Basin-Mountain System. Earth Science, 43(11): 4180-4192. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.211
    Citation: Wang Deliang, Mei Lianfu, Liu Yunsheng, Wu Lulu, Min Caizheng, Luo Jin, 2018. Mesozoic-Cenozoic Episodic Subsidence and Migration of Jianghan Basin in Extensional Composite Basin-Mountain System. Earth Science, 43(11): 4180-4192. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.211

    伸展型复合盆山体系下江汉盆地中、新生代幕式沉降与迁移

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.211
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项课题子课题 2016ZX05002-006

    湖北省自然科学基金项目 2016CFA084

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      王德良(1991-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事含油气盆地构造分析

      通讯作者:

      梅廉夫

    • 中图分类号: P548

    Mesozoic-Cenozoic Episodic Subsidence and Migration of Jianghan Basin in Extensional Composite Basin-Mountain System

    • 摘要: 江汉盆地与周缘山系构成伸展型复合盆山体系,周缘山系的差异隆升可能与江汉盆地沉降、迁移和构造变形具有协同演化关系.通过沉降史模拟,表明江汉盆地裂陷期具有幕式特征,可分为3个裂陷幕:裂陷Ⅰ幕发生在晚白垩世,裂陷Ⅱ幕发生在古新世沙市组-早始新世新沟咀组沉积时期,而裂陷Ⅲ幕则发生在早始新世荆沙组-渐新世荆河镇组沉积时期.沉降中心发生有规律的迁移,裂陷Ⅱ幕沉降中心由裂陷Ⅰ幕条带状、多方向、多中心向西迁移到江陵凹陷,裂陷Ⅲ幕沉降中心向东迁移到潜江凹陷.伸展型复合盆山体系下盆地沉降中心有规律的迁移可能受多种因素的影响,其盆地周缘山系的差异隆升与盆地沉降中心的迁移显示出此消彼长的响应关系.晚白垩世末至始新世初盆地东缘山系(大别造山带、幕阜山和鄂东冲断带)剥蚀隆升,盆地沉降中心向西迁移.始新世末至渐新世盆地西缘山系(黄陵隆起、湘鄂西冲断带)抬升,盆地沉降中心向东迁移,沉降中心呈现出远离隆起端的"背离式"迁移.地幔底辟作用的差异性变化控制着盆地沉降中心的迁移.

       

    • 图  1  江汉盆地构造位置和构造单元示意图

      数据来源:a据Grimmer et al.(2002);b据许长海等(2004);c据许长海(2002);d据Xu et al.(2010);e据Richardson et al.(2010);f据石红才等(2013);g据王韶华等(2009);LSH.龙赛湖低凸起;THK.通海口低凸起;YJ.丫角新沟低凸起;YK.岳口低凸起;AHe41.3.磷灰石(U-Th/He)年龄(Ma);AFT68.4.磷灰石裂变径迹年龄(Ma)

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic location and tectonic units of Jianghan Basin

      图  2  江汉盆地中、新生代充填序列和沉降特征

      构造沉降取江汉盆地各时期构造沉降量最大值

      Fig.  2.  Mesozoic and Cenozoic filling sequence and subsidence history of the Jianghan basin

      图  3  江汉盆地不整合界面反射特征

      位置在图 1中标注

      Fig.  3.  Reflection characteristics of the unconformity in the Jianghan basin

      图  4  T1界面剥蚀量

      Fig.  4.  Denudation thickness of the T1

      图  5  单井沉降史曲线

      井位在图 1标注.江陵凹陷:a.赤3井;b.江深12井;c.江深11井;潜江凹陷:d.潜深10井;e.浩59井;f.老深1井

      Fig.  5.  Curves of subsidence for wells

      图  6  裂陷期沉降速率

      Fig.  6.  Subsidence rates for the sequences above Tg in the study area

      图  7  周缘山系隆升时序

      Fig.  7.  Uplift timing of the peripheral mountains

      图  8  江汉盆地沉降中心迁移和周缘山系隆升关系对比

      Fig.  8.  The relationship between migration of Jianghan basin settlement centers and mountain uplift

      图  9  沉降中心迁移与山系隆升关系

      位置在图 1中标注

      Fig.  9.  The relationship between settlement center migration and mountains uplift

      表  1  不同岩性的压实系数与地表孔隙度

      Table  1.   Compacting factor and surface porosity of different lithologies

      岩性 砂岩 粉砂岩 灰质粉砂岩 砂屑灰岩 微晶灰岩 泥岩
      压实系数
      (km-1)
      0.4 0.33 0.20 0.56 0.41 0.70
      地表孔隙度
      (%)
      45 55 41 42 30 60
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  江汉盆地幕式沉降特征

      Table  2.   Characteristics of episodic subsidence of Jianghan basin

      裂陷幕 盆地沉降特征
      沉降强度 沉降中心形态 分布 沉降中心位置
      裂陷Ⅰ幕 速率较小 多方向线状 孤立 多中心全盆分布
      裂陷Ⅱ幕 速率由大变小 面状 集中 江陵凹陷
      裂陷Ⅲ幕 速率由大变小 面状 集中 潜江凹陷
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-05-10
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