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    青藏高原东北部黄土次生碳酸盐氧同位素的古气候意义

    胡泉旭 王先彦 孟先强 刘全玉 鹿化煜

    胡泉旭, 王先彦, 孟先强, 刘全玉, 鹿化煜, 2018. 青藏高原东北部黄土次生碳酸盐氧同位素的古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4128-4137. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.228
    引用本文: 胡泉旭, 王先彦, 孟先强, 刘全玉, 鹿化煜, 2018. 青藏高原东北部黄土次生碳酸盐氧同位素的古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4128-4137. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.228
    Hu Quanxu, Wang Xianyan, Meng Xianqiang, Liu Quanyu, Lu Huayu, 2018. Paleoclimatic Implications of Oxygen Isotope from Authigenic Carbonates in Loess Deposit of Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Earth Science, 43(11): 4128-4137. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.228
    Citation: Hu Quanxu, Wang Xianyan, Meng Xianqiang, Liu Quanyu, Lu Huayu, 2018. Paleoclimatic Implications of Oxygen Isotope from Authigenic Carbonates in Loess Deposit of Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Earth Science, 43(11): 4128-4137. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.228

    青藏高原东北部黄土次生碳酸盐氧同位素的古气候意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.228
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金 41230526

    国家重点研发计划 2016YFA0600500

    国家自然科学基金 41522101

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      胡泉旭(1992-), 女, 硕士研究生, 第四纪环境研究

      通讯作者:

      王先彦

    • 中图分类号: P595

    Paleoclimatic Implications of Oxygen Isotope from Authigenic Carbonates in Loess Deposit of Northeastern Tibetan Plateau

    • 摘要: 黄土中含有较为丰富的碳酸盐,其中次生碳酸盐记录了成壤时期的气候和环境,可以用来重建古气候.测试了末次盛冰期和全新世早期青藏高原东北部乐都、中国东北和新疆巴音布鲁克黄土中次生碳酸盐的δ18O值,结果显示高原东北部这两个时期的δ18O值分别为-1.38‰和-5.58‰,比该地区现代季风气候条件下次生碳酸盐δ18O理论值分别高5.74‰和1.54‰.温度的差异不足以导致次生碳酸盐δ18O值如此幅度的变化.同时,末次盛冰期和全新世早期乐都地区黄土中次生碳酸盐的δ18O值比同时期黄土高原和东北地区等东亚季风区明显偏正约2.0‰~6.2‰,但其与新疆等西风区次生碳酸盐的δ18O相近.这些不同时期黄土中次生碳酸盐的δ18O值的分布特征及空间差异,可能反映东亚夏季风夹带的水汽可能不是青藏高原东北部末次盛冰期和全新世早期降水最重要的来源,而西风降水和(或)局部水汽蒸发循环对该地区的降水可能有重要贡献.青藏高原东北部黄土次生碳酸盐的δ18O值从末次盛冰期到全新世早期逐渐降低,这可能是由于气候由干冷向暖湿转变、有效湿度增加而导致的.有限的数据表明不同气候带(青藏高原东北部、东亚季风区和西风带)的黄土中次生碳酸盐氧同位素存在明显差异,它所代表的气候意义值得进一步的深入研究.

       

    • 图  1  采样点位置及各地的δ18O值比较

      Hu et al.(submitted);其他地区数据引自Sheng et al.(2008);石笋δ18O数据引自Wang et al.(2008)Zhang et al.(2013);黑色数字表示δ18O值.TEH.天鹅湖剖面;SBH.三把火黄土剖面;LD.乐都黄土剖面.虚线是指现代东亚夏季风的边缘

      Fig.  1.  The locations and the comparison of oxygen isotope values (the black number) from the studied region

      图  2  新疆、东北和乐都地区黄土样品中<2μm颗粒组分的傅里叶变换红外光谱特征

      a.样品在713cm-1处出现明显的吸收峰;b.样品在在2513~2524cm-1处出现明显的吸收峰,而在2626cm-1(白云石的特征峰)没有出现吸收峰.其中橘色曲线为白云石标准曲线,绿色曲线为方解石标准曲线

      Fig.  2.  FTIR spectra of the < 2μm components of the samples of the Xinjiang, Northeast China and Ledu area

      表  1  乐都、新疆、东北等地黄土样品年代及次生碳酸盐δ18O值

      Table  1.   The ages of the studied samples and the results of the oxygen isotope measurements from Ledu, Xinjiang and northeast China

      样品号 采样点经纬度 年代(ka) δ18OPDB(‰)
      LD-60 36.45°N,102.58°E 9.4±0.6 -5.58
      LD-180 15.8±1.0 -1.53
      LD-310 20.9±1.4 -1.23
      TEH6-5 42.71°N,84.21°E 6.9±0.82 -5.80
      TEH6-6 4.3±0.26 -5.46
      TEH6-7 2.3±0.36 -4.67
      TEH6-8 1.4±0.35 -4.89
      SBH-2-20 42.28°N,118.92°E 14.4±0.8 -6.76
      SBH-2-80 20.9±1.3 -7.58
      注:东都、新疆、东北的样品年代数据分别引自Wang et al.(2015), Long et al.(2017), Yi et al.(2015).
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-06-28
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