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    塔里木盆地和田古隆起对奥陶系油气成藏的控制作用

    岳勇 田景春 赵应权 王明 谢佩宇

    岳勇, 田景春, 赵应权, 王明, 谢佩宇, 2018. 塔里木盆地和田古隆起对奥陶系油气成藏的控制作用. 地球科学, 43(11): 4215-4225. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.253
    引用本文: 岳勇, 田景春, 赵应权, 王明, 谢佩宇, 2018. 塔里木盆地和田古隆起对奥陶系油气成藏的控制作用. 地球科学, 43(11): 4215-4225. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.253
    Yue Yong, Tian Jingchun, Zhao Yingquan, Wang Ming, Xie Peiyu, 2018. Control of Hetian Paleo-Uplift on Hydrocarbon Accumulation of Ordovician, Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 43(11): 4215-4225. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.253
    Citation: Yue Yong, Tian Jingchun, Zhao Yingquan, Wang Ming, Xie Peiyu, 2018. Control of Hetian Paleo-Uplift on Hydrocarbon Accumulation of Ordovician, Tarim Basin. Earth Science, 43(11): 4215-4225. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.253

    塔里木盆地和田古隆起对奥陶系油气成藏的控制作用

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.253
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41402192

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      岳勇(1980-), 男, 副研究员, 主要从事石油地质研究工作

      通讯作者:

      赵应权

    • 中图分类号: P624

    Control of Hetian Paleo-Uplift on Hydrocarbon Accumulation of Ordovician, Tarim Basin

    • 摘要: 和田古隆起作为塔里木盆地三大古隆起之一,随着勘探程度的加大,古隆起演化及其对油气成藏控制作用的研究尤显不足.基于对构造、锆石定年、油气包裹体等资料分析,揭示和田古隆起经历了多期构造叠加改造阶段,并控制了寒武系烃源岩的生排烃、奥陶系储层的形成和油气的运聚.在加里东中期-海西早期,和田古隆起控制了奥陶系碳酸盐岩储层的发育;玉北1井于奥陶系鹰山组风化壳中油包裹体成熟度资料表明,鹰山组风化壳存在至少两次油气充注;在加里东晚期-海西早期,存在一期成藏,残留为沥青.烃类包裹体以及与其共生的气液两相盐水包裹体均一温度处于100~110 ℃,结合埋藏史判定包裹体捕获时间为海西晚期.海西晚期,和田古隆起进入埋藏阶段,下伏寒武系烃源岩此阶段达到生烃高峰,奥陶系圈闭定型,油气沿不整合及断裂运移充注,在和田古隆起高部位及岩溶斜坡区有利于油气聚集,构成了和田古隆起的主成藏阶段;在喜山期,和田古隆起发生反转,奥陶系古油藏调整、改造,油气向北运移,麦盖提斜坡奥陶系构造枢纽带是油气成藏的有利区带,玉北地区中西部成为油气的有利靶区.

       

    • 图  1  塔西南地区构造区划

      Fig.  1.  Tectonic zoning of Southwest Tarim basin

      图  2  和田古隆起构造演化剖面图

      剖面位置见图 1

      Fig.  2.  Tectonic evolution profile of Hetian paleo-high

      图  3  下寒武统地震几何结构关系

      Fig.  3.  Lower Cambrian seismic geometric structure diagram

      图  4  和田古隆起迁移演化

      Fig.  4.  Migration and evolution of Hetian paleo-high

      图  5  玉北地区“重砂”组分分布直方图

      Fig.  5.  Distribution histogram of "heavy sand" in Yubei area

      图  6  玉北1井中下奥陶统风化壳锆石U-Pb年龄

      Fig.  6.  Zircon U-Pb age in the Lower-Middle Ordovician of Yubei Well 1

      图  7  玉北1井埋藏史图

      Fig.  7.  Buried history of Yubei Well 1

      图  8  玉北1井O1-2y油包裹体成熟度QF535-λmax关系

      Fig.  8.  Petroleum inclusion maturity QF535-λmax relational graph in O1-2y of Yubei Well 1

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