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    江汉盆地东部第四纪钻孔地层与沉积环境

    顾延生 管硕 马腾 朱宗敏 刘红叶 郭森 余舒琪

    顾延生, 管硕, 马腾, 朱宗敏, 刘红叶, 郭森, 余舒琪, 2018. 江汉盆地东部第四纪钻孔地层与沉积环境. 地球科学, 43(11): 3989-4000. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.324
    引用本文: 顾延生, 管硕, 马腾, 朱宗敏, 刘红叶, 郭森, 余舒琪, 2018. 江汉盆地东部第四纪钻孔地层与沉积环境. 地球科学, 43(11): 3989-4000. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.324
    Gu Yansheng, Guan Shuo, Ma Teng, Zhu Zongmin, Liu Hongye, Guo Sen, Yu Shuqi, 2018. Quaternary Sedimentary Environment Documented by Borehole Stratigraphical Records in Eastern Jianghan Basin. Earth Science, 43(11): 3989-4000. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.324
    Citation: Gu Yansheng, Guan Shuo, Ma Teng, Zhu Zongmin, Liu Hongye, Guo Sen, Yu Shuqi, 2018. Quaternary Sedimentary Environment Documented by Borehole Stratigraphical Records in Eastern Jianghan Basin. Earth Science, 43(11): 3989-4000. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.324

    江汉盆地东部第四纪钻孔地层与沉积环境

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.324
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局项目 12120114069301

    国家自然科学基金项目 41572153

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      顾延生(1970-), 男, 教授, 博士, 主要从事生态环境地质研究

    • 中图分类号: P53

    Quaternary Sedimentary Environment Documented by Borehole Stratigraphical Records in Eastern Jianghan Basin

    • 摘要: 为深刻理解江汉盆地第四纪新构造运动、气候变化与盆地沉积响应的关联,利用沔阳凹陷区第四纪典型钻孔样品进行系统岩石学、年代学与沉积学研究,首次建立了盆地东部沉积中心区可对比的地层序列.利用岩性、粒度、磁组构分析重建了研究区140万年以来依次经历的河流相、河湖交替相、湖相、河湖交替相、湖相、泛滥平原相演化过程.区域构造、沉积、气候资料综合对比表明,响应于新构造沉降,江汉盆地第四纪以来存在3大成湖期,即Qp2/Qp1之交、Qp3与Qh中后期(古云梦泽),其中MIS3以来古湖发育是新构造沉降与异常强盛夏季风的耦合,且湖相沉积的独特环境为盆地高砷地下水的形成提供了重要的物质条件.不仅为第四纪钻孔地层划分对比提供可靠基础资料,也为盆地地下资源调查与环境规划保护提供重要参考.

       

    • 图  1  江汉盆地第四纪钻孔分布图

      凹陷区资料引自湖北省地质调查院(2003)

      Fig.  1.  Distribution of Quaternary boreholes in the Jianghan basin

      图  2  江汉盆地东部典型钻孔年龄-深度分布

      Fig.  2.  Age-depth distribution pattern of typical boreholes in the eastern Jianghan basin

      图  3  江汉盆地东部沔阳凹陷第四纪钻孔地层划分对比

      a方鸿琪(1959);b杨青雄等(2016);c引自湖北省水文地质工程地质大队(1985);d~h为本次钻孔.岩性图例同图 2

      Fig.  3.  Stratigraphic division and correlation of Quaternary boreholes in the Mianyang depression, eastern Jianghan basin

      图  4  Jh002孔沉积物粒度频率曲线与典型沉积相

      Fig.  4.  Grain size frequency curves for typical sedimentary facies of borehole Jh002

      图  5  Jh002孔沉积物粒度参数分布与沉积环境演化

      岩性图例同图 2

      Fig.  5.  Distribution of grain size parameters and evolution of sedimentary environment of borehole Jh002

      图  6  Jh002孔沉积物磁组构参数分布与沉积环境演化

      岩性图例同图 2

      Fig.  6.  Distribution of magnetic fabric parameters and evolution of sedimentary environment of borehole Jh002

      图  7  江汉盆地沉积中心晚更新世古湖沉积地层对比

      47孔引自施之新(1997);周老孔张玉芬等(2005);QU1孔杨青雄等(2016);沙湖孔来自湖北省水文地质工程地质大队(1985);Jh002为本次研究钻孔.岩性图例同图 2

      Fig.  7.  Correlation of paleolake sedimentary strata in the Late Pleistocene in the deposition center of Jianghan basin

      图  8  江汉盆地MIS3以来气候变化、湖泊沉积与高砷地下水形成的关联

      a引自Dykoski et al.(2005);b~c引自南京葫芦洞石笋氧同位素(Wang et al., 2001);d甘义群等(2014).岩性图例同图 2

      Fig.  8.  Correlation between climate change, lacustrine deposition and formation of high-arsenic groundwater since MIS3 in the Jianghan basin

      表  1  Jh001、Jh002、YLW-01沉积物AMS14C测年结果

      Table  1.   AMS14C dating results of borehole sediments of Jh001, Jh002 and YLW-01

      实验室编号 野外编号 深度(m) 14C年龄(a BP) 2 σ校正(cal. a BP)
      XA20110 JH001-14C-379 45.80 11 790±50 13 651~13 546
      421874 JH002-294 22.71 12 980±50 15 710~15 320
      421876 Jh002-14C-321 38.80 25 650±120 30 205~29 485
      447157 YLW01-14C-6 17.00 11 080±40 13 060~12 820
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  Jh001、Jh002、YLW-01钻孔沉积物ESR测年数据

      Table  2.   ESR dating results of borehole sediments of Jh001, Jh002 and YLW-01

      实验室号 野外编号 取样深度(m) 含水量(%) 古剂量(Ga) 年剂量(Ga/ka) 年龄(ka)
      15176 Jh001-ESR-604 121.8 19.27 2 743±522 3.71 740±141
      15178 Jh001-ESR-706 194.0 25.84 2 105±210 2.28 924±92
      15179 Jh002-ESR-410 79.0 29.65 1 120±168 2.87 456±69
      15180 Jh002-ESR-540 124.0 25.85 2 089±208 2.54 823±82
      15181 Jh002-ESR-609 164.0 27.15 2 122±287 2.35 903±122
      15182 Jh002-ESR-636 203.0 26.76 2 696±310 2.05 1 316±152
      15183 Jh002-ESR-650 230.0 21.62 6 307±1136 3.43 1 428±142
      16254 YLW01-ESR-3 74.0 19.2 1 397±139 2.78 503±50
      16257 YLW01-ESR-6 141.0 18.9 2 574±257 2.68 960±96
      16259 YLW01-ESR-8 176.0 17.4 2 744±305 2.69 1 020±113
      16260 YLW01-ESR-9 194.0 20.2 3 256±275 2.79 1 167±116
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  江汉盆地晚新生代新构造运动综合对比表

      Table  3.   Comprehensive correlation of Late Cenozoic neotectonic movement in the Jianghan basin

      地质年代 方鸿琪,1959 徐瑞瑚等,1988 张德厚,1994 杨青雄等,2016
      全新世(Qh) 强烈沉降 先升后降 强烈沉降
      晚更新世(Qp3) 稳定下沉 稳定下沉 稳定下沉
      中更新世(Qp2) 强烈抬升 强烈抬升 抬升
      早更新世(Qp1) 稳定下沉 稳定下沉 拗折沉降 稳定下沉
      上新世(N2) 缓升
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-08-04
    • 刊出日期:  2018-11-15

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