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    我国氦气资源现状及首个特大型富氦储量的发现:和田河气田

    陶小晚 李建忠 赵力彬 李立武 朱文平 邢蓝田 苏法卿 单秀琴 郑红菊 张立平

    陶小晚, 李建忠, 赵力彬, 李立武, 朱文平, 邢蓝田, 苏法卿, 单秀琴, 郑红菊, 张立平, 2019. 我国氦气资源现状及首个特大型富氦储量的发现:和田河气田. 地球科学, 44(3): 1024-1041. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.381
    引用本文: 陶小晚, 李建忠, 赵力彬, 李立武, 朱文平, 邢蓝田, 苏法卿, 单秀琴, 郑红菊, 张立平, 2019. 我国氦气资源现状及首个特大型富氦储量的发现:和田河气田. 地球科学, 44(3): 1024-1041. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.381
    Tao Xiaowan, Li Jianzhong, Zhao Libin, Li Liwu, Zhu Wenping, Xing Lantian, Su Faqing, Shan Xiuqin, Zheng Hongju, Zhang Liping, 2019. Helium Resources and Discovery of First Supergiant Helium Reserve in China: Hetianhe Gas Field. Earth Science, 44(3): 1024-1041. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.381
    Citation: Tao Xiaowan, Li Jianzhong, Zhao Libin, Li Liwu, Zhu Wenping, Xing Lantian, Su Faqing, Shan Xiuqin, Zheng Hongju, Zhang Liping, 2019. Helium Resources and Discovery of First Supergiant Helium Reserve in China: Hetianhe Gas Field. Earth Science, 44(3): 1024-1041. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.381

    我国氦气资源现状及首个特大型富氦储量的发现:和田河气田

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.381
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划"深地资源勘查开采"重点专项 2017YFC0603106

    国家重点研发计划"深地资源勘查开采"重点专项 2018YFC0603706

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      陶小晚(1981-), 男, 高级工程师, 博士, 主要从事油气地球化学研究

    • 中图分类号: P593

    Helium Resources and Discovery of First Supergiant Helium Reserve in China: Hetianhe Gas Field

    • 摘要: 氦气是一种重要的战略稀有资源,关系国家安全和高新技术产业发展.但我国贫氦且绝大部分依赖进口,资源安全形势十分严峻,因此开展氦气资源调查非常迫切.通过全国七大含油气盆地及其他地区氦气资源及成因系统调研,明确我国中西部含油气盆地天然气中氦气基本为壳源放射成因,其富集受富含U、Th的酸性岩或基底的分布、背斜圈闭及断裂共同控制.东部郯庐断裂带两侧含油气盆地中氦气为壳源和幔源混合成因,其富集受断裂控制明显.地热或温泉的水溶气中,含量较高的氦气主要为壳源.优选了氦气显示良好、但存在不确定性的塔里木盆地和田河气田及周缘开展氦气资源系统勘查.通过对和田河气田及周缘11口井天然气样品精细取样、分析,首次发现和田河气田为富氦气田,氦气体积含量为0.30%~0.37%(平均0.32%),为壳源成因,折算氦气探明储量1.959 1×108 m3,是我国发现的首个特大型富氦氦气田.因此建议:(1)加快建设和田河气田氦气分离、液化装置,实现气田开发整体效益最大化;(2)尽快论证建设"塔里木盆地氦气战略储备基地"的可行性,开展全国主要含油气盆地氦气资源系统调查;(3)加强氦气成藏理论研究,指导氦气资源勘探.

       

    • 图  1  1997~2017年全球各国剩余探明氦气储量分布

      据USGS

      Fig.  1.  Global distribution of remaining proven helium reserves in 1997-2017

      图  2  1995~2016年全球各国氦气产量

      据USGS

      Fig.  2.  Global distribution of helium yields in 1995-2016

      图  3  和田河气田石炭系生屑灰岩段顶面构造图

      周新源等(2006)

      Fig.  3.  Top structure map of Carboniferous clastic limestone section in Hetianhe gas field

      图  4  和田河气田气藏剖面图

      周新源等(2006)

      Fig.  4.  Profile of gas reservoirs in Hetianhe gas field

      表  1  四川盆地天然气中氦气体积含量统计

      Table  1.   Statistics of helium volume contents in natural gases in Sichuan Basin

      表  2  塔里木盆地天然气中氦气体积含量统计

      Table  2.   Statistics of helium volume contents in natural gases in Tarim Basin

      区带 油气田 层位 井名 井深(m) He(%) R/Ra 来源
      塔西南 和田河 O 玛4、4-H1 - 0.213~0.249 0.083~0.091 刘全有等, 2009
      - 0.044~0.048 Liu et al., 2012
      巴什托普 C 麦3、4 4 300~4 347 0.68~0.73 - 常兴浩和宋凯, 1997
      亚松迪 巴探2 1 920~1 930 0.22 - 余琪祥, 2013
      阿克莫木 K 阿克1 - 0.038 0.549 Liu et al., 2012
      - 0.093 刘全有等, 2009
      柯克亚 J-K 柯深102 - 0.004 - Liu et al., 2012
      N 柯8 3 283~3 304 0.005 0.056 Xu et al., 1995
      塔中 - O 塔中1、16-6、242、26、45、62、621 - 0.005~0.054 0.032 Liu et al., 2012
      塔中1 3 666 0.054 0.033 徐永昌等, 1998
      S 塔中117 - 0.014 - Liu et al., 2012
      C 塔中103、4-7-H22、4-8-30、4-18-7、6 - 0.001~0.233 1 0.027~0.030
      塔北 塔河 Pt 沙3 - 0.03 0.042 Liu et al., 2012
      沙6、7 - 0.04~0.34 - 余琪祥, 2013
      O 沙参2;沙5、13、15 4 969~5 782 0.07~2.19 - Liu et al., 2012
      O 沙参2;沙13 - 0.07~0.94 - Xu et al., 1995
      O 沙参2 5 300 0.049 0.159 邓树立等, 1995
      O 沙14 - 0.005 -
      C-P 沙18 - 0.004 -
      T 沙14、18、9 - 0.010~0.068 -
      J 沙4 - 0.020 - 余琪祥, 2013
      K 沙6、15 5 361.50~5 393 0.05~0.19 - 邓树立等, 1995
      沙5、21 - 0.003~0.013 - Liu et al., 2012
      沙7、雅克1 - 0.001 0.132~0.166
      E 沙45 - 0.000 1 -
      轮古-轮南 O 轮古201 - 0.04 0.021~0.061 刘全有等, 2009
      O 轮南10;轮古201、15-18、16-2 - 0.002~0.031 - Liu et al., 2012
      O 轮南10 - 0.243 0.059 徐永昌等, 1998
      O 轮南17 - 0.028 0.032 Xu et al., 1995
      O-C 轮南17 - 0.19 0.034 徐永昌等, 1998
      C 轮南14 5 266 0.103 0.043
      T 轮南2-2、2-2-3、2-24-2 - 0.024~0.928 0.035~0.061
      T 轮南2-25-H1、2-33-1、2-34-5 - 0.001~0.302 9 0.040~0.061 Liu et al., 2012
      轮南3 - 0.004 - 邓树立等, 1995
      J 轮南33-1、34-2、5 - 0.022~0.052 0.056~0.076 徐永昌等, 1998
      解放渠 O 解放123 - 0.181 0.029 徐永昌等, 1998
      O 解放127 - 0.000 4 - Liu et al., 2012
      T 解放1-13-4、1-6-4、100、138 - 0.001~0.206 0.045~0.048
      T 解放100、131、138 4 251~4 430 0.066~0.085 0.044~0.045 徐永昌等, 1998
      牙哈 ∈-O 牙哈7x-1 - 0.000 7 0.044 Liu et al., 2012
      K 牙哈1 - 0.007 -
      E 牙哈1、102、104、23-1-5 - 0.001~0.132 0.024~0.030
      N1j 牙哈4 - 0.000 6 0.024
      东河塘 O 东河12 - 0.044 - Liu et al., 2012
      C 东河1、1-6-8、11 - 0~0.030 0.047~0.061
      东河1、4 - 0.230~0.396 0.016~0.047 徐永昌等, 1998
      P 东河23 - 0.022 - Liu et al., 2012
      哈得 C 哈得113、2-7 - 0.035~0.054 - Liu et al., 2012
      - 0.153~0.29 0.022~0.025 刘全有等,2009
      桑塔木 T 桑塔木5-4 - 0.000 6 0.040 Liu et al., 2012
      吉拉克 C 吉拉107 5 406 0.205 0.015 徐永昌等,1998
      T 吉南1、4-H2 - 0.009~0.014 - Liu et al., 2012
      玉东 K 玉东2 - 0.023 - Liu et al., 2012
      羊塔克 E 羊塔克5 - 0.066 -
      英买力 E 英买19 - 0 0.062 Liu et al., 2012
      E 英买7 4 700 0.063 0.044 徐永昌等,1998
      N 英买6 - 0.007 0.059 Liu et al., 2012
      库车 克拉2 K-E 克拉2-1、2-4、2-7、2-10、2-11、2-14 - 0.004~0.006 0.028~0.061 Wang et al., 2018
      大北 K 大北102、103、201、202、302 - 0.006 0.045~0.080 Wang et al., 2016
      迪那 N 迪那102 - 0.020 - Liu et al., 2012
      提尔根 K 提尔根2 - 0.006 -
      大宛齐 K-N 大宛105-25 - 0.095 0.041
      红旗渠 E 红旗1、2 - 0.006 0.059
      台2 E-N 台2 - 0.005~0.023 -
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  柴达木、准噶尔、鄂尔多斯盆地天然气中氦气体积含量统计

      Table  3.   Statistics of helium volume contents in natural gases in Qaidam, Junggar and Ordos basins

      盆地 区带/地区 层位 井名 井深(m) He(%) R/Ra 来源
      柴达木 德令哈凹陷 C 柴页2 939 0.10 - 曹军等, 2016
      943 0.78 -
      1 000 0.09 -
      全吉山地区 E-N 全吉山9-8 - 1.10 0.02 张云鹏等, 2016
      团鱼山地区 J KT-7 874~925 0.47~1.14 0.05~0.93
      准噶尔 中部坳陷 J 彩508、510、514;泉6;滴20 - 0.107~0.203 0.014~0.053 Xu et al., 2017
      南部坳陷 J 沙1955 - 0.236 0.186
      鄂尔多斯 富县 O 富古4 - 0.053 0.038 倪春华等, 2010
      - O 陕参1 - 0.07 0.027 Dai et al., 2017
      - P 苏1、140-31、21、33-18、48-14-76、48-2-86、53、75、77-2-5、77-6-8、95、120-52-85、139;Zhao61;Zitan1 - 0.05~0.09 0.031~0.097
      - J Mu16-10 - 0.07 0.022
      - T Hu43-10 - 0.08 0.020 刘全有等, 2007
      苏里格 P 苏6、13-16、16、19-18、22-15、25、33-18、35-17、38-14、38-16、40-16、41-8 3 226~3 373 0.016~0.035 0.01~0.03
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  郯庐断裂带两侧盆地天然气中氦气体积含量统计

      Table  4.   Statistics of helium volume contents in natural gases in the basins on both sides of Tanlu fault zone

      表  5  中国地热或温泉(井)水溶气中氦气体积含量统计

      Table  5.   Statistics of helium volume contents in water-soluble gases from geothermal or hot spring wells in China

      省/盆地 地热/温泉井 He(%) 幔源贡献He含量(%) R/Ra 来源
      渭河盆地 华阴051基地地热井 3.35~3.51 0.02 0.073 张文等,2018
      蓝田峪后泉地热井 3.43~3.59 0.24 0.557
      兴平华兴金浪地热井 3.12~3.42 - -
      周至楼观台地热井 2.46~3.20 - -
      咸阳202所地热井 2.17~2.29 - -
      西安地热井 0.524~3.416 < 0.02 0.023~0.064 张福礼等,2012
      咸阳地热井 0.191~3.140 < 0.02
      宝鸡地热井 0.528~0.968 < 0.01
      渭南地热井 0.115~3.511 < 0.02
      辽宁省 Wenquanci, Benxi 0.115 0.003 0.225 Xu et al., 2014
      Tonggangzi, Anshan 0.122~0.132 < 0.01 0.623~0.638
      Qianshan, Anshan 0.134 0.009 0.531
      Donghuangdi, Haicheng 0.148 0.012 0.654
      Xiongyue, Gaixian 0.129 0.007 0.476
      Anbo, Pulandian 0.100 0.004 0.321
      Jiantang, Pulandian 0.115 0.004 0.327
      Hadabei, Xiuyan 0.122 0.005 0.34
      瓦房店龙门汤 0.212 0.009 0.34
      凤城宝山温泉 0.166 0.012 0.60
      辽阳汤河冷泉 0.084 0.015 1.46 Shangguan et al., 1998
      大连皮口CO2 0.529 0.123 1.87
      新金剑汤温泉 0.316 0.013 0.34
      山东省 沂南新王温泉 0.315 0.011 0.31
      威海洪水岚温泉 0.187 0.017 0.76
      云南省 安宁县天下第一场(安宁温泉) 0.143 < 0.001 0.025
      盘溪盘3(温泉或地热井) 0.19 0 0.011
      内蒙古 克什克腾旗热水镇温泉 0.66~0.73 < 0.005 0.06 戴金星等, 1994
      浙江省 泰顺承天温泉 0.44 0.012 0.24
      湖南省 汝城热水温泉 0.24 0.002 0.07
      福建省 地震局漳州水化站地震1号孔 0.13 0.007 0.48
      广东省 丰顺县邓屋地热站 0.162 0.016 0.83 戴金星等, 1992
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  6  和田河及周缘天然气中氦气体积含量

      Table  6.   Helium volume contents in natural gases from Hetianhe gas field and its peripheral areas

      气田/藏 井号 层位 He含量(10-6) R/Ra
      2017年NoblelessSFT质谱仪检测 2018年GC9790色谱检测
      和田河 玛5-8H C8+O 2 995.2 2 758 2 928 0.06~0.08
      玛5-6H 3 253.5 2 659 2 826
      玛5-1H C6 3 206.6 2 697 2 892
      玛5-4H C8+O 3 104.8 2 499 2 667
      玛4-10H 3 030.5 2 464 2 787
      玛4-3H C6 3 699.5 2 995 3 350
      玛4-8H C8+O 3 016.6 2 256 2 485
      玛4-H1 C6 3 277.8 2 723 2 657
      玛4-12H C8+O 2 984.7 2 472 2 882
      玛4 3 004.2 2 451 2 819
      罗斯2 罗斯2井 O 2 625.3 2 396 2 436 0.07
      柯克亚 柯中104 E 93.6 73 76 0.11
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  7  氦气田工业划分标准

      Table  7.   Industrial classification of helium gas fields

      氦气储量
      (106 m3)
      规模分类 氦气含量
      (体积%)
      含量分类
      ≥100 特大型气田 ≥0.500 特富氦气田
      50~100 大型气田 0.150~0.500 富氦气田
      25~50 中型气田 0.050~0.150 含氦气田
      5~25 小型气田 0.005~0.050 贫氦气田
      < 5 特小型气田 < 0.005 特贫氦气田
      注:标准据Dai et al.(2017).
      下载: 导出CSV
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