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    北京延庆古湖正构烷烃分布特征及古气候意义

    张慧娟 杨桂芳 陈正洪 武法东 田明中 桑萌

    张慧娟, 杨桂芳, 陈正洪, 武法东, 田明中, 桑萌, 2018. 北京延庆古湖正构烷烃分布特征及古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4120-4127. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.512
    引用本文: 张慧娟, 杨桂芳, 陈正洪, 武法东, 田明中, 桑萌, 2018. 北京延庆古湖正构烷烃分布特征及古气候意义. 地球科学, 43(11): 4120-4127. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.512
    Zhang Huijuan, Yang Guifang, Chen Zhenghong, Wu Fadong, Tian Mingzhong, Sang Meng, 2018. Distribution of n-Alkane Indicative of Paleoclimatic Change in Paleolake of Yanqing, Beijing. Earth Science, 43(11): 4120-4127. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.512
    Citation: Zhang Huijuan, Yang Guifang, Chen Zhenghong, Wu Fadong, Tian Mingzhong, Sang Meng, 2018. Distribution of n-Alkane Indicative of Paleoclimatic Change in Paleolake of Yanqing, Beijing. Earth Science, 43(11): 4120-4127. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.512

    北京延庆古湖正构烷烃分布特征及古气候意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.512
    基金项目: 

    中央高校经费基本科研业务费优秀教师基金项目 2652017216

    国家自然科学基金专项项目 41320003

    国家自然科学基金专项项目 41220001

    国际合作与交流项目 2652017285

    北京市自然科学基金委项目 8162038

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张慧娟(1991-), 女, 博士研究生, 研究方向为第四纪环境演化研究

      通讯作者:

      杨桂芳

    • 中图分类号: P532

    Distribution of n-Alkane Indicative of Paleoclimatic Change in Paleolake of Yanqing, Beijing

    • 摘要: 为了更好地了解华北平原核心区延庆盆地古气候演化,利用气相色谱仪对北京延庆盆地阜高营剖面湖相沉积物中的正构烷烃进行了检测.结果表明其正构烷烃含量丰富且连续,碳数分布范围为C16~C33,高碳数奇碳优势明显,中链和短链烷烃均无奇偶优势,多以C29或C31为主峰的单峰分布为主,同时存在少量低碳数和高碳数并存的双峰型.延庆古湖有机质以陆生植物为主,包含少量的菌藻类和水生植物.综合ESR年代序列、有机碳同位素(δ13Corg)、长链正构烷烃平均链长(average chain length,ACL)碳优势指数(carbon preference index,CPI)和正构烷烃Paq参数,将延庆盆地晚更新世中期以来的环境演变划分为:56.8~45.6 ka,气候暖湿,湖泊发育良好,湖面较高;45.6~31.5 ka,气候温湿,湖泊发育缓慢,水位略有下降;31.5~20.0 ka,气候冷干,湖泊水位严重下降;20.0~13.4 ka,气候较为干冷,有转暖趋势;13.4~9.2 ka,气候转暖,湖泊有所发育,但水位较低;9.2 ka至今,气候变干,湖泊萎缩.延庆古湖沉积物中正构烷烃参数的变化与古里雅冰心、李家塬黄土、深海氧同位素反映的气候变化较为一致,呈现冰期-间冰期旋回,且受控于同纬度太阳辐射量的变化.

       

    • 图  1  延庆盆地阜高营沉积剖面地理位置

      蔡向民等(2009)略修改

      Fig.  1.  Location of Fugaoying profile in Yanqing basin

      图  2  阜高营剖面年龄-深度模式

      Fig.  2.  Depth-age model of Fugaoying profile in Yanqing

      图  3  延庆阜高营剖面典型样品正构烷烃分布特征

      Fig.  3.  Distribution patterns of n-alkanes in typical samples from Fugaoying profile in Yanqing

      图  4  阜高营剖面正构烷烃各指标和δ13Corg值与太阳辐射量变化、古里雅冰心、李家塬黄土剖面及深海氧同位素对比图

      古里雅冰心数据据Thompson et al.(1997);李家塬黄土剖面数据据丁仲礼等(1996);深海氧同位素数据据Linsley(1996)

      Fig.  4.  Comparison of n-alkanes and δ13Corg records from Fugaoying profile with summer solar radiation, grain size of Lijiayuan profile and oxygen isotope records in Guliya core and Sulu Sea

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