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    黑河上游高寒山区降雨-径流形成过程的同位素示踪

    潘钊 孙自永 马瑞 常启昕 胡雅璐 刘源 王旭

    潘钊, 孙自永, 马瑞, 常启昕, 胡雅璐, 刘源, 王旭, 2018. 黑河上游高寒山区降雨-径流形成过程的同位素示踪. 地球科学, 43(11): 4226-4236. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.552
    引用本文: 潘钊, 孙自永, 马瑞, 常启昕, 胡雅璐, 刘源, 王旭, 2018. 黑河上游高寒山区降雨-径流形成过程的同位素示踪. 地球科学, 43(11): 4226-4236. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.552
    Pan Zhao, Sun Ziyong, Ma Rui, Chang Qixin, Hu Yalu, Liu Yuan, Wang Xu, 2018. Isotopic Investigation of Rainfall-Runoff Generation in an Alpine Catchment in Headwater Regions of Heihe River, Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Earth Science, 43(11): 4226-4236. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.552
    Citation: Pan Zhao, Sun Ziyong, Ma Rui, Chang Qixin, Hu Yalu, Liu Yuan, Wang Xu, 2018. Isotopic Investigation of Rainfall-Runoff Generation in an Alpine Catchment in Headwater Regions of Heihe River, Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Earth Science, 43(11): 4226-4236. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.552

    黑河上游高寒山区降雨-径流形成过程的同位素示踪

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.552
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划课题 2017YFC0406105

    国家自然科学基金项目 4141070

    国家自然科学基金项目 91325101

    国家自然科学基金项目 91125009

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      潘钊(1993-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事寒区水文学研究

      通讯作者:

      孙自永

    • 中图分类号: P641.1

    Isotopic Investigation of Rainfall-Runoff Generation in an Alpine Catchment in Headwater Regions of Heihe River, Northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

    • 摘要: 为揭示中、低纬度高寒山区降雨-径流的形成过程,指导水资源的合理开发利用,选择黑河上游红泥沟小流域为研究区,基于河道径流量及雨水和河水稳定同位素的观测数据,构建二元混合模型,计算了2013年7月23日及8月21日两次典型降雨-径流事件中事件水(降雨)和事件前水(流域前期储水)对河道径流的贡献及其动态变化.结果显示:两次降雨事件中事件前水的贡献比例分别为68.69%和54.46%;事件前水的贡献比例在涨水阶段减小,在退水阶段增大.结合河水电导率的观测结果,进一步分析了降雨-径流的形成过程:河道径流的形成主要受饱和区蓄满产流、河岸带地下径流和山坡地下径流3种产流机制控制;事件水主要源于蓄满产流,事件前水主要源于河岸带和山坡地下径流;事件初期和末期以河岸带地下水补给为主,涨水阶段后期和退水阶段前期转为以蓄满产流和山坡地下水补给为主,洪峰期间蓄满产流的贡献达到最大.两次事件的对比表明,事件前的湿度条件和降雨强度对降雨-径流的形成过程有着重要影响:前期越湿润,流域储水能力越弱,导水能力越强,事件水的贡献越大,河道径流对降雨的响应越迅速;降雨强度越大,蓄满产流及其中的事件水比例越高,河道径流中事件水的比例也越高.

       

    • 图  1  研究区地理位置(a)及观测、采样点布设图(b)

      Fig.  1.  The Hongnigou catchment in the Heihe River basin (a) and the observation and sampling sites in the Hongnigou catchment (b)

      图  2  研究区2013年降水与径流量过程线

      Fig.  2.  Time series of precipitation and streamflow in the Hongnigou catchment during 2013

      图  3  降雨-径流事件Ⅰ期间降雨强度、河道径流量、河水中δ2H及电导率随时间的变化

      Fig.  3.  Variation in rainfall, streamflow, and the δ2H and electrical conductivity values of stream water over time during the rainfall-runoff event Ⅰ

      图  4  降雨-径流事件Ⅰ期间降雨强度、河道径流量、事件前水和事件水流量及其贡献比例的时间序列

      Fig.  4.  Time series of rainfall, streamflow, and the contribution amounts and fractions of pre-event water and event water to streamflow during the rainfall-runoff event Ⅰ

      图  5  降雨-径流事件Ⅱ期间降雨强度、河道径流量、河水中δ2H及电导率随时间的变化

      Fig.  5.  Variation in rainfall, streamflow, and the δ2H and electrical conductivity values of stream water over time during the rainfall-runoff event Ⅱ

      图  6  降雨-径流事件Ⅱ期间降雨强度、河道径流量、事件前水和事件水流量及其贡献比例的时间序列

      Fig.  6.  Time series of rainfall, streamflow, and the contribution amounts and fractions of pre-event water and event water to streamflow during the rainfall-runoff event Ⅱ

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