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    中-晚全新世以来安固里淖气候演变的植硅体记录

    刘林敬 李长安 介冬梅 张茹春 王江永 张玉芬 毛欣 姜高磊 王盼丽

    刘林敬, 李长安, 介冬梅, 张茹春, 王江永, 张玉芬, 毛欣, 姜高磊, 王盼丽, 2018. 中-晚全新世以来安固里淖气候演变的植硅体记录. 地球科学, 43(11): 4138-4148. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.614
    引用本文: 刘林敬, 李长安, 介冬梅, 张茹春, 王江永, 张玉芬, 毛欣, 姜高磊, 王盼丽, 2018. 中-晚全新世以来安固里淖气候演变的植硅体记录. 地球科学, 43(11): 4138-4148. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.614
    Liu Linjing, Li Chang'an, Jie Dongmei, Zhang Ruchun, Wang Jiangyong, Zhang Yufen, Mao Xin, Jiang Gaolei, Wang Panli, 2018. Paleoclimate Recorded by Phytolith in Anguli-Nuur Lake since Mid-Late Holocene. Earth Science, 43(11): 4138-4148. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.614
    Citation: Liu Linjing, Li Chang'an, Jie Dongmei, Zhang Ruchun, Wang Jiangyong, Zhang Yufen, Mao Xin, Jiang Gaolei, Wang Panli, 2018. Paleoclimate Recorded by Phytolith in Anguli-Nuur Lake since Mid-Late Holocene. Earth Science, 43(11): 4138-4148. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.614

    中-晚全新世以来安固里淖气候演变的植硅体记录

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.614
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41471164

    国家自然科学基金项目 41602194

    国家自然科学基金项目 41672355

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      刘林敬(1982-), 男, 助理研究员, 主要从事第四纪地质与环境演变方面的研究

      通讯作者:

      李长安

    • 中图分类号: P595

    Paleoclimate Recorded by Phytolith in Anguli-Nuur Lake since Mid-Late Holocene

    • 摘要: 河北坝上地区位于东亚季风边缘区和农牧交错带,季风强弱的变化深刻影响着该地区人类文明的发展.为了重建河北坝上地区中-晚全新世以来的气候演化过程,剖析气候变化与人类文明发展的关系,以坝上地区安固里淖湖为研究对象,通过对该湖沉积剖面植硅体的分析,并结合孢粉组合特征,恢复了安固里淖地区5 000 cal.a BP以来的气候演变历史.结果显示,在千年尺度上该区域气候总体呈冷干趋势,但在5 030~3 070 cal.a BP时期气候相对湿润,千年尺度上气候的变化主要受控于北半球太阳辐射量的变化.在百年尺度上安固里淖地区经历了7次冷干事件,分别发生于4 500 cal.a BP、4 100~3 800 cal.a BP、3 500 cal.a BP、3 000 cal.a BP、2 100 cal.a BP、1 100 cal.a BP和800~270 cal.a BP左右,这7次冷干事件对应于东亚季风减弱阶段,主要受到了北半球高纬气候和太阳活动的共同影响.该区人类文明的演化敏感响应于气候变化,气候温湿期以农业文明为主,气候冷干期以草原文明为主.

       

    • 图  1  安固里淖地理位置及采样点

      Fig.  1.  Location of the Anguli-Nuur Lake and the sampling site

      图  2  安固里淖剖面深度、岩性及年代序列

      Fig.  2.  Lithology and depth-age model of the Anguli-Nuur Lake profile

      图  3  安固里淖剖面中典型的植硅体形态

      a.帽型;b.鞍型;c.哑铃型;d.齿型(d1.二齿型;d2.弱齿型、d3.多齿型);e1、e2、e3、k.尖型(毛状细胞);f.棒型(f1.扁棒型;f2.细长棒型;f3.光滑棒型;f4.突起棒型;f5.刺棒型;);g1、g3.芦苇扇型;g2.其他扇型;h1、h2.方型;h3.不规则块状;i.不规则扁平状;j.特殊型

      Fig.  3.  Typical phytolith in Anguli-Nuur Lake profile

      图  4  安固里淖剖面植硅体、孢粉百分含量以及温暖指数曲线变化

      孢粉数据来自阳小兰等(2017);横坐标起始刻度为0

      Fig.  4.  Phytolith and pollen percentage composition diagram (%), warmth index in the Anguli-Nuur Lake profile

      图  5  安固里淖与周边古气候记录、65°N太阳辐射、亚洲季风模式、太阳活动及北大西洋极端冷事件的对比

      a.亚洲季风模式据Chen et al.(2008);b.东亚季风边缘区干旱指数据郭超等(2014);c.65°N太阳辐射据Berger and Loutre(1991);d.公海磁化率据Chen et al.(2015);e.达里湖木本花粉含量据Wen et al.(2017);f.岱海木本花粉含量据Xiao et al.(2004);g.安固里淖温暖指数;h.安固里淖蒿藜比(A/C);i.大气残留Δ14C据Reimer et al.(2013);j.北大西洋磁铁矿锈斑颗粒含量据Bond et al.(2001)

      Fig.  5.  Correlations of Anguli-Nuur and the surrounding paleoclimate records, July insolation at 65°N, Asian monsoon model, solar activity and extreme cold events in the North Atlantic

      表  1  安固里淖剖面AMS 14C测年结果

      Table  1.   Results of AMS 14C dating in the Anguli-Nuur Lake profile

      测年物质 深度(cm) AMS 14C年龄(a BP) 树轮校正中值年龄
      (cal. a BP, 2σ)
      碳库效应校正年龄
      (cal. a BP)
      有机质 18 2080±30 2060 60
      有机质 56 2450±30 2670 670
      有机质 82 3010±30 3310 1310
      有机质 120 6130±40 7030 5030
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2018-04-17
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