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    白令海陆架区柱样沉积物脂类分子特征及其气候变化响应

    高超 于晓果 杨义 杨欢 吕晓霞 阮小燕

    高超, 于晓果, 杨义, 杨欢, 吕晓霞, 阮小燕, 2018. 白令海陆架区柱样沉积物脂类分子特征及其气候变化响应. 地球科学, 43(11): 4008-4017. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.726
    引用本文: 高超, 于晓果, 杨义, 杨欢, 吕晓霞, 阮小燕, 2018. 白令海陆架区柱样沉积物脂类分子特征及其气候变化响应. 地球科学, 43(11): 4008-4017. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.726
    Gao Chao, Yu Xiaoguo, Yang Yi, Yang Huan, Lü Xiaoxia, Ruan Xiaoyan, 2018. Characteristics of Lipid Biomakers and Their Response to Climate Change in Column Sediments from Bering Sea Shelf. Earth Science, 43(11): 4008-4017. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.726
    Citation: Gao Chao, Yu Xiaoguo, Yang Yi, Yang Huan, Lü Xiaoxia, Ruan Xiaoyan, 2018. Characteristics of Lipid Biomakers and Their Response to Climate Change in Column Sediments from Bering Sea Shelf. Earth Science, 43(11): 4008-4017. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.726

    白令海陆架区柱样沉积物脂类分子特征及其气候变化响应

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2018.726
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41330103

    南北极环境综合考察专项项目 CHINARE2016-03-02

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      高超(1990-),男,硕士研究生,主要从事海洋有机地球化学研究

      通讯作者:

      阮小燕

    • 中图分类号: P734.5

    Characteristics of Lipid Biomakers and Their Response to Climate Change in Column Sediments from Bering Sea Shelf

    • 摘要: 为探究全球变暖对于高纬度海洋生态环境的影响,对中国第5次北极科学考察在白令海陆架区采集的BL16柱样沉积物中的脂类进行了研究.沉积物中检测到丰富的饱和烃和脂肪酸等化合物,其组成和分布显示,该沉积柱中有机质为陆源和海源混合输入.其中长链正构烷烃和长链饱和正构脂肪酸主要来源于陆源高等植物,饱和异构和反异构脂肪酸主要来源于海洋自生细菌,短碳链正构烷烃、反异构烷烃和烷基环戊烷烃的浓度相互间有较好的相关性,表明其来源较为一致,主要来源于海洋浮游藻类和细菌.海源短链正构烷烃与陆源长链正构烷烃的比值∑C15-21/∑C23-33在0.14~0.90之间,表明该沉积柱中正构烷烃主要以陆源输入为主.沉积柱中短链正构烷烃、反异构烷烃和烷基环戊烷浓度,以及脂肪酸中异构、反异构脂肪酸组分与长链饱和正构脂肪酸组分的相对变化与总有机碳含量(TOC)、总氮含量(TN)变化一致,尤其在20世纪70年代以来明显升高,可能反映了海洋初级生产力持续增加的趋势,并且对全球变暖做出了灵敏的响应.

       

    • 图  1  白令海水深、环流和采样站位

      修改自Grebmeier et al.(2006a)

      Fig.  1.  Water depths, circulations and sampling station in the Bering Sea

      图  2  沉积柱样中典型的饱和烃气相色谱图(a)、反异构烷烃(b)和烷基环戊烷质谱图(c)

      Fig.  2.  Typical GC spectrum of saturated hydrocarbon (a), mass spectrum of anteiso-alkane (b) and alkylcyclopentane (c) from sediment core

      图  3  沉积柱样中短链正构烷烃∑C15-21与反异构烷烃(a)、烷基环戊烷浓度(b)的相关性

      Fig.  3.  The correlation between concentrations of short chain n-alkanes ∑C15-21 and anteiso-alkanes (a) and alkylcyclopentanes (b) in sediment core

      图  4  沉积柱样中粒度与长链正构烷烃∑C23-33(a)、反异构烷烃(b)、短链正构烷烃∑C15-21(c)以及烷基环戊烷浓度的相关性(d)

      图a粒度数据来自胡利民等(2015)

      Fig.  4.  The correlations between sediment grain size and concentrations of long chain n-alkanes ∑C23-33 (a), anteiso-alkanes (b), short chain n-alkanes ∑C15-21 (c), and alkylcyclopentanes in sediment core (d)

      图  5  沉积样柱中TOC、TN、脂肪酸指标和各组分饱和烃浓度的垂向分布

      a.TOC、TN、年代数据胡利民等(2015);b.C15:0、C17:0异构/反异构脂肪酸之和比C24-28饱和正构脂肪酸之和

      Fig.  5.  Vertical distributions of TOC, TN, proxy of fatty acids and saturated hydrocarbon concentrations of each component in sediment core

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