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    大陆中洋壳俯冲增生杂岩带特征与识别的重大科学意义

    潘桂棠 肖庆辉 张克信 尹福光 任飞 彭智敏 王嘉轩

    潘桂棠, 肖庆辉, 张克信, 尹福光, 任飞, 彭智敏, 王嘉轩, 2019. 大陆中洋壳俯冲增生杂岩带特征与识别的重大科学意义. 地球科学, 44(5): 1544-1561. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.063
    引用本文: 潘桂棠, 肖庆辉, 张克信, 尹福光, 任飞, 彭智敏, 王嘉轩, 2019. 大陆中洋壳俯冲增生杂岩带特征与识别的重大科学意义. 地球科学, 44(5): 1544-1561. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.063
    Pan Guitang, Xiao Qinghui, Zhang Kexin, Yin Fuguang, Ren Fei, Peng Zhimin, Wang Jiaxuan, 2019. Recognition of the Oceanic Subduction-Accretion Zones from the Orogenic Belt in Continents and Its Important Scientific Significance. Earth Science, 44(5): 1544-1561. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.063
    Citation: Pan Guitang, Xiao Qinghui, Zhang Kexin, Yin Fuguang, Ren Fei, Peng Zhimin, Wang Jiaxuan, 2019. Recognition of the Oceanic Subduction-Accretion Zones from the Orogenic Belt in Continents and Its Important Scientific Significance. Earth Science, 44(5): 1544-1561. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.063

    大陆中洋壳俯冲增生杂岩带特征与识别的重大科学意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.063
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD2016-0345

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20179386

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190375

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190053

    国家自然科学基金项目 No.41772107

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      潘桂棠(1941-), 男, 研究员, 博士生导师, 从事区域地质和大地构造研究.

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Recognition of the Oceanic Subduction-Accretion Zones from the Orogenic Belt in Continents and Its Important Scientific Significance

    • 摘要: 大洋或弧后洋盆俯冲增生是大陆地壳增长的主导地质作用.重建大陆中消亡的洋地层岩石组合序列是当代大陆动力学和地学研究的重大前沿.洋壳消减杂岩带的厘定是洋板块地质构造重建乃至全球大地构造研究之纲,是理解区域大地构造形成演化及动力学的核心.俯冲增生杂岩带的基本特征:(1)俯冲增生杂岩带物质组成的共性是:以强烈构造变形洋底沉积的硅质岩-硅泥质岩-粉砂岩、凝灰岩;弧-沟浊积岩等为基质;以洋岛-海山灰岩-玄武岩及塌积砾岩,洋内弧残留岩块,超镁铁质蛇绿岩、绿片岩、蓝片岩等为岩块.(2)变形样式:同斜倒转冲断叠瓦构造、增生柱前缘重力滑动构造以及泥质岩的底辟构造;增生楔前缘变形和增生形式受控于大洋或弧后洋盆的规模和洋壳的俯冲速度,也取决于陆缘碎屑供给量及洋底沉积厚度和岩性.(3)宽度和厚度:厚常达几千米,宽达几十公里至数百公里,延长上千公里,是洋壳俯冲消亡过程洋盆地层系统及陆缘沉积物加积的结果.(4)形成机制:是大陆碰撞前大洋(或弧后洋盆)岩石圈俯冲消减的产物.结合带中的早期俯冲增生杂岩带往往卷入晚期的构造混杂作用.

       

    • 图  1  俯冲增生杂岩带(楔)形成的构造环境与形成过程示意

      a.俯冲增生杂岩带的形成部位与构造环境(张克信等, 2016);b.俯冲增生杂岩带的形成过程(Wakita, 2012)

      Fig.  1.  A model showing the tectonic settings and the formation process of subduction-accretion complex belts

      图  2  甘肃北山马鬃山俯冲增生杂岩野外出露景观

      a.马鬃山增生混杂岩带在中亚造山带的位置;b.马鬃山增生混杂岩带分布区的大地构造单元划分;c.马鬃山俯冲增生杂岩野外出露景观

      Fig.  2.  Outcrop of the Mazongshan subduction-accretion complexes in Beishan, Gansu Province, China

      图  3  佛朗西斯科俯冲增生杂岩形成的构造环境(160~90 Ma)和现今地质剖面简图

      Wakabayashi and Dilek(2011)

      Fig.  3.  The tectonic settings of the Franciscan subduction-accretion complex (160-90 Ma) and the simplified geological profile (present) of the Francisco area

      图  4  伊朗东南至巴基斯坦南部的锡斯坦-俾路支地区的莫克兰俯冲增生杂岩带地质剖面

      McCall et al.(1982)

      Fig.  4.  Sketch section across the Mokland subduction-accretion complex zone from southeastern Iran to southern Pakistan

      图  5  洋壳蛇绿岩和海山等洋岩石组合在海沟斜坡上的瓦解与滑塌(a, b)、以及与海沟内浊积岩一起刮削拼贴-底辟增生与逆冲推覆(c)

      Ogawa(1985)

      Fig.  5.  Disintegration of oceanic crust ophiolite and seamount assemblages on trench slopes (a, b), proliferation and thrust overthrusting of the turbidite in oceanic trench (c)

      图  6  双江-耿马地区昌宁-孟连俯冲增生杂岩带地质构造剖面

      Fig.  6.  Tectonic section of the Changning-Menglian subduction-accretion complex zone, Shuangjiang-Gengma area, Yunnan Province

      图  7  双江-耿马地区昌宁-孟连俯冲增生杂岩带野外特征

      ls.灰岩;mv.变辉长岩;seσ.蛇纹石化橄榄岩

      Fig.  7.  Field characteristics of the Changning-Menglian subduction-accretion complex zone, Shuangjiang-Gengma area, Yunnan Province

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    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2019-02-21
    • 网络出版日期:  2021-12-31
    • 刊出日期:  2019-05-01

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