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    湘西南南华系大塘坡组锰矿地球化学特征与沉积环境分析:以湖南靖州照洞锰矿床为例

    李凤杰 雷玉龙 龚光林 张昊 沈凡 荆锡贵 成晓雨

    李凤杰, 雷玉龙, 龚光林, 张昊, 沈凡, 荆锡贵, 成晓雨, 2019. 湘西南南华系大塘坡组锰矿地球化学特征与沉积环境分析:以湖南靖州照洞锰矿床为例. 地球科学, 44(10): 3484-3494. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.075
    引用本文: 李凤杰, 雷玉龙, 龚光林, 张昊, 沈凡, 荆锡贵, 成晓雨, 2019. 湘西南南华系大塘坡组锰矿地球化学特征与沉积环境分析:以湖南靖州照洞锰矿床为例. 地球科学, 44(10): 3484-3494. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.075
    Li Fengjie, Lei Yulong, Gong Guanglin, Zhang Hao, Shen Fan, Jing Xigui, Cheng Xiaoyu, 2019. Geochemical Characteristics and Sedimentary Environment Analysis from Datangpo Formation in Neoproterozoic Nanhua System, Southwestern Hunan Province—An Example from Zhaodong Manganese Ore Deposits in Jingzhou County, Hunan Province, China. Earth Science, 44(10): 3484-3494. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.075
    Citation: Li Fengjie, Lei Yulong, Gong Guanglin, Zhang Hao, Shen Fan, Jing Xigui, Cheng Xiaoyu, 2019. Geochemical Characteristics and Sedimentary Environment Analysis from Datangpo Formation in Neoproterozoic Nanhua System, Southwestern Hunan Province—An Example from Zhaodong Manganese Ore Deposits in Jingzhou County, Hunan Province, China. Earth Science, 44(10): 3484-3494. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.075

    湘西南南华系大塘坡组锰矿地球化学特征与沉积环境分析:以湖南靖州照洞锰矿床为例

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.075
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局公益性基础地质调查项目 DD20160032

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      李凤杰(1972—), 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事沉积学与岩相古地理的教学和科研工作

    • 中图分类号: P611.2

    Geochemical Characteristics and Sedimentary Environment Analysis from Datangpo Formation in Neoproterozoic Nanhua System, Southwestern Hunan Province—An Example from Zhaodong Manganese Ore Deposits in Jingzhou County, Hunan Province, China

    • 摘要: 为了分析湘西南南华系大塘坡组照洞锰矿的沉积环境,对照洞锰矿床进行了岩石学和地球化学研究.分析认为:照洞锰矿赋存于大塘坡组底部碳酸锰层中,包括条纹状菱锰矿和块状菱锰矿两种矿石类型.湘西南照洞锰矿的常量元素TiO2、SiO2、K2O、Fe2O3、S与Al2O3之间呈现良好的正相关关系,CaO、MgO、MnO、P2O5和Al2O3之间呈负相关关系,常量元素之间的相关性与黔东、湘西的典型锰矿之间存在一致性,反映这些锰矿可能具有相似的成矿背景.照洞锰矿的Fe/Mn值低,Th/U、Ni/Co、V/Cr、V/(V+Ni)等沉积环境古氧相的指标显示,湘西南照洞锰矿形成时的水体处于常氧-贫氧的条件下.湘西南照洞锰矿稀土元素总量较高,PAAS标准化稀土元素配分模式呈现轻、重稀土亏损,中稀土富集的特征,具有弱的Ce正异常,类似现代海底铁锰结核的稀土元素配分特征.

       

    • 图  1  湘西南照洞锰矿地质简图

      Fig.  1.  Geological sketch map of the Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      图  2  湘西南照洞锰矿野外照片

      a.黄褐色砂岩, 薄层状, 富禄组; b.下部为黑色块状碳酸锰矿, 上部为黑色薄层碳质页岩, 大塘坡组一段; c.黑色块状碳酸锰矿, 大塘坡组一段; d.浅褐色含砾泥岩, 冰碛沉积, 洪江组

      Fig.  2.  Field photographs of the Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      图  3  湘西南照洞锰矿显微结构特征

      a.炭质页岩, 含少量粉砂, ZD2;b.条纹状锰矿, 泥晶菱锰矿呈团块状分布, ZD3;c.块状锰矿, 菱锰矿呈泥晶结构分散在岩石中

      Fig.  3.  The micro-features in Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      图  4  湘西南照洞锰矿常量元素间相关关系

      Fig.  4.  Cross-plots of major elements of the Zhaodong manganese ore, Southwestern Hunan Province

      图  5  湘西南照洞锰矿微量元素(a)和稀土元素(b)PAAS标准化配分模式图

      Fig.  5.  PAAS-normalized trace elements (a) and rare elements (b) distribution patterns of Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      表  1  湘西南照洞锰矿常量元素含量(%)

      Table  1.   Major element concentrations of the ore samples from the Zhaodong manganese ore, Southwestern Hunan Province

      样号 矿石类型 SiO2 Al2O3 CaO MgO Na2O K2O TiO2 MnO P2O5 Fe2O3 S LOI Fe/Mn
      ZD2 炭质页岩 20.35 8.43 5.42 3.12 0.24 3.25 0.32 15.20 0.32 4.86 2.05 35.41 0.28
      ZD3 条纹状锰矿 14.20 6.04 4.36 3.54 0.21 2.67 0.23 26.30 0.24 1.86 1.23 35.57 0.06
      ZD4 块状锰矿 8.62 4.77 8.01 4.04 0.15 1.52 0.21 38.50 0.21 2.55 2.14 28.14 0.06
      ZD5-1 块状锰矿 17.10 4.66 5.91 4.08 0.21 1.31 0.16 33.78 0.35 1.92 0.40 19.30 0.05
      ZD5 块状锰矿 9.53 2.14 10.25 4.21 0.11 0.76 0.14 39.80 0.16 1.11 0.56 28.23 0.02
      ZD6 黑色页岩 26.30 10.24 5.32 2.56 0.30 4.34 0.36 6.16 0.28 3.53 3.26 36.28 0.50
      平均值 15.80 6.32 6.67 3.49 0.20 2.51 0.25 25.19 0.24 2.78 1.84 32.72 0.07
      锰矿平均值 10.78 4.32 7.54 3.93 0.16 1.65 0.19 34.87 0.20 1.84 1.31 30.64 0.05
      湖南民乐锰矿 13.80 1.72 3.33 3.45 0.34 0.57 0.10 37.70 0.24 1.67 0.04
      贵州松桃道坨锰矿 14.90 2.76 8.57 4.25 0.42 0.69 0.14 31.00 0.30 2.14 0.55 31.70 0.06
      贵州杨立掌锰矿 14.30 4.36 6.50 3.56 0.32 1.22 0.24 31.10 0.36 3.31 29.40 0.10
      湖南湘潭锰矿 15.40 2.25 10.00 3.53 0.13 0.59 0.20 32.62 0.21 3.09 1.34 28.73 0.09
          注:湖南民乐锰矿、贵州杨立掌锰矿数据均周琦(2008), 贵州松桃道坨锰矿数据朱祥坤等(2013), 湖南湘潭锰矿数据史富强等(2016).
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  湘西南照洞锰矿微量元素含量表(10-6)

      Table  2.   Trace element concentrations of the Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      样号 ZD2 ZD3 ZD4 ZD5-1 ZD5 ZD6
      炭质页岩 条纹状锰矿 块状锰矿 块状锰矿 块状锰矿 黑色页岩
      V 36.12 10.51 4.47 63.80 33.31 8.05
      Cr 20.31 15.24 6.34 14.70 15.26 6.24
      Co 27.24 26.39 8.75 37.60 32.01 13.90
      Ni 40.21 24.25 5.68 42.30 37.85 11.32
      Cu 19.14 19.78 8.24 17.90 15.67 8.19
      Zn 7.22 20.47 13.46 134.00 12.61 32.14
      As 10.21 6.35 7.24 68.70 10.38 12.41
      Rb 4.12 5.32 10.25 44.80 8.97 6.25
      Sr 237 324 423 272 274 157
      Zr 19.20 3.68 18.65 21.80 2.37 6.42
      Mo 6.02 0.65 0.26 2.24 5.23
      Nb 3.28 1.05 2.06 4.54 2.09 0.86
      Ba 325 221 251 579 341 184
      Pb 11.64 10.24 1.12 23.40 8.36 8.13
      Th 5.21 1.89 2.36 1.48 2.58 1.36
      U 1.25 0.34 0.87 1.32 0.81 0.62
      V/(V+Ni) 0.47 0.31 0.44 0.60 0.48 0.42
      V/Cr 1.78 0.69 0.71 4.34 2.18 1.29
      Ni/Co 1.48 0.92 0.65 1.13 1.18 0.81
      Th/U 4.17 5.56 2.71 1.12 3.19 2.19
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  3  湘西南照洞锰矿稀土元素含量表(10-6)

      Table  3.   REE contents of the Zhaodong manganese ore deposit, Southwestern Hunan Province

      样号 ZD2 ZD3 ZD4 ZD5-1 ZD5 ZD6
      炭质页岩 条纹状锰矿 块状锰矿 块状锰矿 块状锰矿 黑色页岩
      La 39.5 19.3 18.3 35.3 16.5 22.3
      Ce 102.0 65.3 52.0 106.0 44.6 58.6
      Pr 10.30 5.32 4.56 9.15 4.10 5.12
      Nd 38.6 26.5 19.2 39.7 16.3 21.3
      Sm 8.37 8.25 4.12 8.94 3.14 4.25
      Eu 2.01 1.78 0.96 2.37 0.79 1.14
      Gd 9.21 8.27 5.01 9.52 3.32 4.38
      Tb 1.44 1.64 0.76 2.10 0.71 0.81
      Dy 8.63 8.97 5.42 14.40 4.56 4.27
      Ho 1.56 1.98 0.89 2.67 0.91 0.87
      Er 3.47 5.36 2.64 6.85 2.64 2.49
      Tm 0.85 0.78 0.47 1.06 0.42 0.45
      Yb 3.71 4.32 2.34 5.33 2.11 2.32
      Lu 0.62 0.68 0.32 0.74 0.26 0.32
      Y 50.2 20.6 24.3 35.4 30.2 36.7
      ∑REE 232.25 158.45 116.99 244.13 100.36 128.62
      LREE/HREE 6.38 3.95 5.55 4.72 5.72 7.08
      Ce/Ce* 1.16 1.48 1.31 1.36 1.25 1.27
      Eu/Eu* 1.07 1.01 0.98 1.20 1.14 1.24
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  4  沉积环境古氧相分析指标及应用

      Table  4.   Standards and applications of paleo-oxygenation analyses in sedimentary environment

      古氧相分析标准 常氧 贫氧 厌氧
      Th/U > 3.8 3.8~2.0 2~0
      V/Cr < 2.00 2.00~4.25 > 4.25
      Ni/Co < 5.00 5.00~7.00 > 7.00
      V/(V+Ni) < 0.45 0.45~0.60 > 0.60
          注:据Adams and Weaver(1958); Hatch and Leventhal(1992); Jones and Manning(1994); Wignall and Twitchett(1996); Crusius and Thomson(2000); Tribovillard et al.(2006).
      下载: 导出CSV
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    • 收稿日期:  2019-04-10
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