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    内蒙古海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩地质特征及发现的意义

    林敏 马昌前 徐立明 李玉娟 杨仲 汤建荣

    林敏, 马昌前, 徐立明, 李玉娟, 杨仲, 汤建荣, 2019. 内蒙古海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩地质特征及发现的意义. 地球科学, 44(10): 3279-3296. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.200
    引用本文: 林敏, 马昌前, 徐立明, 李玉娟, 杨仲, 汤建荣, 2019. 内蒙古海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩地质特征及发现的意义. 地球科学, 44(10): 3279-3296. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.200
    Lin Min, Ma Changqian, Xu Liming, Li Yujuan, Yang Zhong, Tang Jianrong, 2019. Geological Characteristics of Subduction-Accretionary Complexes in Hellestein District, Inner Mongolia and Its Discovery Significance. Earth Science, 44(10): 3279-3296. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.200
    Citation: Lin Min, Ma Changqian, Xu Liming, Li Yujuan, Yang Zhong, Tang Jianrong, 2019. Geological Characteristics of Subduction-Accretionary Complexes in Hellestein District, Inner Mongolia and Its Discovery Significance. Earth Science, 44(10): 3279-3296. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.200

    内蒙古海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩地质特征及发现的意义

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.200
    基金项目: 

    中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190039

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      林敏(1982—), 男, 高级工程师, 在读博士, 从事区域地质矿产调查工作, 主要从事构造混杂岩、火山岩研究

      通讯作者:

      马昌前

    • 中图分类号: P56

    Geological Characteristics of Subduction-Accretionary Complexes in Hellestein District, Inner Mongolia and Its Discovery Significance

    • 摘要: 采用"造山带混杂岩区"新理论,首次在贺根山-黑河缝合带中段发现海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩,建立由"基质"+"岩块"组成的俯冲增生杂岩体系,其构造样式为整体左行逆冲剪切.基质主要有糜棱岩、千糜岩、超糜棱岩及少量的沉凝灰岩、粉砂岩、细砂岩,构造环境为弧前盆地,时代主要为中寒武世;岩块有洋岛海山岩块、弧后洋盆洋壳残片、火山弧岩块、裂离陆块,岩块的年龄区间主要在中寒武世-中奥陶世,裂离陆块时代为新太古代.结合俯冲增生杂岩基质年龄、岩块的年龄、侵入混杂岩的TTG年龄(449 Ma)和变形程度、接触关系等,将海勒斯台俯冲增生杂岩的形成时代厘定为中晚奥陶世.认为研究区俯冲作用在早寒武世就已经开始,在大陆边缘形成火山岛弧;奥陶纪初期弧后发育弧后盆地,至中奥陶世弧后盆地出现洋壳;此时中寒武世的基质经俯冲下切后在中奥陶世时期折返上升;晚奥陶世时期由于区域的持续汇聚挤压,该弧后洋盆很快夭折;弧陆开始碰撞,导致双向俯冲.在弧陆碰撞过程中,晚期形成的弧后盆地洋壳等新岩块混入早期形成的基质中.海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩带的发现填补了贺根山-黑河缝合岩带中段的空白,对区域构造格架厘定具有非常重要的意义,为研究古亚洲构造域演化提供了新的证据.

       

    • 图  1  研究区大地构造位置图

      Fig.  1.  Geotectonic location map of research area

      图  2  研究区地质图

      Fig.  2.  Geological map of research area

      图  3  海勒斯台扎拉格一带超糜棱岩(a)和沉凝灰岩(b)镜下特征

      a.靡棱结构;b.变余沉凝灰状结构/片理化结构

      Fig.  3.  Crossed polarization micrographs of ultramylonite(a) and sedimentary tuff(b) in Zhalage of Hellestein

      图  4  海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩基质原岩判别图解

      图a为Si-[(al+fm)-(c+alk)]原岩判别图解(据Simonen, 1953), A.钙质沉积岩;B.火山岩;C.厚层泥岩;D.砂岩;图b为K-A原岩判别图解(据周世泰,1987), A.火成岩区;B.沉积岩区;B1.泥质粉砂岩亚区;B2.碳酸盐亚区; 图c为(Ca+Mg)-(Al+Fe+Ti), D.细碧岩;E.杂砂岩;F.亚杂砂岩;图d为(AT-Na)-(AT-K)(据Moine, 1968), Ⅰ.泥岩;Ⅱ.钙质页岩;Ⅲ.白云质泥灰岩;Ⅳ.长石砂岩;Ⅴ.硬砂岩;Ⅵ.中基性喷出岩;Ⅶ.流纹岩

      Fig.  4.  Diagrams of the matrix of subduction accretive mélange zone of Hellestein

      图  5  构造环境判别图解

      图a为沉积岩CaO-Na2O-K2O源岩环境判别图解,A.大洋岛弧;B.大陆岛弧;C.活动大陆边缘;D.被动大陆边缘.图b为沉积岩Th-Co-Zr/10源岩环境判别图解,A.大洋岛弧;B.大陆岛弧;C.活动大陆边缘;D.被动大陆边缘.图c为基质中酸性火山岩(Y+Nb)-Rb构造判别图解(据Pearce et al., 1984a),WPG.板内花岗岩;ORG.洋中脊花岗岩;VAG.火山岩弧花岗岩;SYN-COLG.同碰撞花岗岩.图d为基质中酸性火山岩(Yb+Ta)-Rb构造判别图解(据Pearce et al, 1984a),WPG.板内花岗岩;ORG.洋中脊花岗岩;VAG.火山岩弧花岗岩;SYN-COLG.同碰撞花岗岩

      Fig.  5.  Diagrams of tectonic settings

      图  6  洋岛海山岩块微量元素蛛网图(a)和稀土配分模式图(b)

      Fig.  6.  Primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagram(a) and chondrite-normalized REE pattern diagram(b) of ocean island seamount block

      图  7  玄武岩构造环境判别图解

      图a为Nb/Yb-Th/Yb图解,据Pearce(2008);图b为洋岛型岩块Nb/Yb-TiO2/Yb图解, 据Pearce(2008)Pearce et al.(1984b)

      Fig.  7.  Diagrams of basalt tectonic settings

      图  8  弧后洋盆洋壳残片稀土配分模式图

      Fig.  8.  Chondrite-normalized REE pattern diagram of ocean crust debris of back-arc ocean basin

      图  9  弧后盆地基性岩块Ti-V图解

      Shervais(1982)

      Fig.  9.  Ti-V diagram of basic block of back-arc basin

      图  10  弧后盆地基性岩块微量元素原始地幔标准化蛛网图

      Fig.  10.  Primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagram of basic block of back-arc basin

      图  11  火山弧岩块稀土配分模式图

      Fig.  11.  Chondrite-normalized REE pattern diagram of volcanic arc block

      图  12  火山弧岩块SiO2-MgO (a)、SiO2-FeO*/MgO (b)、YbN-(La/Yb)N (c)和Y-Sr/Y (d)图解

      HMA.高镁安山质岩石系列;MA.镁安山质岩石系列;LF-CA.为低铁钙碱性系列;CA.为钙碱性系列;TH.拉斑玄武岩系列.据Defant and Drummond(1990)

      Fig.  12.  SiO2-MgO (a), SiO2-FeO*/MgO (b), YbN-(La/Yb)N (c) and Y-Sr/Y (d) diagram of volcanic arc block

      图  13  细粒黑云角闪石英闪长岩镜下特征

      Fig.  13.  Crossed polarization micrograph of fine-grained biotite amphibolite quartz diorite

      图  14  新太古代黑云角闪石英闪长岩微量元素蛛网图(a)和稀土配分模式图(b)

      Fig.  14.  Primitive mantle-normalized trace element spider diagram(a) and chondrite-normalized REE pattern diagram (b) of Neoarchean biotite amphibolite quartz diorite

      图  15  新太古代黑云角闪石英闪长岩La/Yb-Th图解

      Bailey(1981)

      Fig.  15.  La/Yb-Th diagram of Neoarchean biotite amphibolite quartz diorite

      图  16  海勒斯台构造混杂岩基质中韧性变形片理揉皱照片

      a.片理揉皱照片;b.石英脉韧性拉长变形照片;c.“S-C组构”野外照片;d.“S-C组构”镜下照片

      Fig.  16.  The ductile deformation and schistosity crumple photo of the stroma of subduction accretive mélange zone of Hellestein

      图  17  海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩带演化模式示意图

      Fig.  17.  The evolutionary pattern sketch map of subduction accretive mélange zone of Hellestein

      表  1  海勒斯台俯冲增生混杂岩带物质组成

      Table  1.   The material composition list of subduction accretive mélange zone of Hellestein

      类型 构造环境 物质成分 时代
      基质 弧前盆地 糜棱岩、千糜岩、超糜棱岩及(阳起石化)片理化粉砂岩、细砂岩、沉凝灰岩等,为一套夹火山岩的砂泥质碎屑岩建造 寒武纪(501.6±3.9 Ma、512.5 ±0.92 Ma)
      岩块 洋岛海山(OIB) 角闪辉长岩、堆晶角闪石岩、玄武岩、碎裂岩化橄榄玄武岩等 早奥陶世(478.2±2.3 Ma)
      弧后洋盆洋壳残片(BAOB) (角闪)辉长岩和(阳起石化)玄武岩以及少量的辉绿岩 中奥陶世(463.0±2.4 Ma)
      火山弧(VA) (玄武)安山岩、(角闪石)闪长岩、花岗闪长岩以及少量的粗面岩、凝灰岩 奥陶纪(464.1±2.3 Ma)、寒武纪(540.4±4.8 Ma、512.5±4.0 Ma)
      裂离地块(SL) 黑云角闪石英闪长岩 新太古代(2 544±14 Ma)
      下载: 导出CSV
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