• 中国出版政府奖提名奖

    中国百强科技报刊

    湖北出版政府奖

    中国高校百佳科技期刊

    中国最美期刊

    留言板

    尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

    姓名
    邮箱
    手机号码
    标题
    留言内容
    验证码

    关于大陆构造研究的一些思考与讨论

    张国伟 郭安林

    张国伟, 郭安林, 2019. 关于大陆构造研究的一些思考与讨论. 地球科学, 44(5): 1464-1475. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.971
    引用本文: 张国伟, 郭安林, 2019. 关于大陆构造研究的一些思考与讨论. 地球科学, 44(5): 1464-1475. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.971
    Zhang Guowei, Guo Anlin, 2019. Thoughts on Continental Tectonics. Earth Science, 44(5): 1464-1475. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.971
    Citation: Zhang Guowei, Guo Anlin, 2019. Thoughts on Continental Tectonics. Earth Science, 44(5): 1464-1475. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.971

    关于大陆构造研究的一些思考与讨论

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.971
    基金项目: 

    板块构造与大陆动力学发展战略研究项目 L1222034

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      张国伟(1939-), 男, 西北大学教授, 中国科学院院士, 研究方向为造山带地质及前寒武纪地质

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Thoughts on Continental Tectonics

    • 摘要: 指出板块构造理论在解释大陆构造中的不足之处,从而在进一步深化板块构造理论发展的同时,构建大陆构造理论体系;通过长期大陆构造研究实践并利用国内外大陆造山带的6个例子提出有关大陆的基本问题,诸如早期大陆起源、超大陆方式演化的大陆演化机制以及大洋和大陆岩石圈的本质不同和构造旋回;说明大陆是由板块构造(包括可能的板块构造远程效应)和大陆自身机制分别形成的组分的拼合体.主张大陆有自身的机制操控它的起源、保存和演化.在排除了来自板块边缘以及板块远程效应的作用力的前提下,出现在陆内环境的造山作用可由大陆本身尤其可能由陆内中小块体之间的相互作用引发.需要强化大陆构造研究,在深化板块构造理论的同时,探索和创建大陆构造理论体系.

       

    • 图  1  中生代晚期(J3-K1)秦岭造山带陆内造山的伸展构造-断陷盆地的形成以及同时期中生代地层(J-K)卷入构造变形

      张国伟等(2001);a, b.勉县侏罗系地质构造剖面;c.商县王三底白垩系地质构造剖面;图a中:1.后造山中新生代陆内伸展隆升裂陷盆地;2.后造山早期的隆升伸展塌陷盆地;图b, c中:1.上白垩统;2.下白垩统;3.侏罗系;4.石炭-泥盆系;5.砂砾岩;6.千枚岩、片岩;7.滑石片岩;8.蛇纹岩;9.花岗岩;10.走滑断层;11.逆冲推覆断层

      Fig.  1.  Formation of extensional tectonics-fault basins and deformation of the Jurassic-Cretaceous strata during the Late Mesozoic (J3-K1) intracontinental orogeny in the Qinling orogen

      图  2  秦岭造山带岩石圈现今“立交桥”结构模型

      Fig.  2.  The decoupled "overpass-type" structure of the Qinling orogen

      图  3  华南大陆东西向剖面

      Zhang et al.(2013).断裂名称:1.茂汶断裂;2.北川-映秀断裂;3.安县-灌县断裂;4.龙泉山断裂;5.华蓥山断裂;6.齐曜山断裂;7.鹤峰-来凤断裂;8.花垣-张家界断裂;9.安化-溆浦断裂;10.祁阳弧形逆冲带; 11.江山-绍兴断裂; 12.赣江断裂; 13.吴川-四会断裂; 14.政和-大埔断裂; 15.邵武-河源断裂; 16.长乐-南澳断裂; 17.台东纵谷断裂

      Fig.  3.  Cross-section in east-west direction of the South China block

      图  4  燕山构造带(a)及其剖面(b)

      孟庆任(2019,未刊)

      Fig.  4.  The Yanshan tectonic zone (a) and its cross-section (b)

      图  5  澳大利亚中部地质图

      显示Amadeus盆地的古生代变形和Musgrave以及Arunta内窗构造.Amadeus盆地内的变形以薄皮构造为特征,其与厚皮构造过程造成的Musgrave以及Arunta内窗折返裸露形成对照(Sandiford and Hand, 1998)

      Fig.  5.  Geological map of the central Australian region

    • [1] Charvet, J., Shu, L.S., Faure, M., et al., 2010.Structural Development of the Lower Paleozoic Belt of South China:Genesis of an Intracontinental Orogen.Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(4):309-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.03.006
      [2] Chen, X., Rong, J.Y., Rowley, D.B., et al., 1995.Is the Early Paleozoic Banxi Ocean in South China Necessary?.Geological Review, 41(5):389-400(in Chinese with English abstract). http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/OA000002984
      [3] Condie, K.C., 2004.Supercontinents and Superplume Events:Distinguishing Signals in the Geologic Record.Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 146(1-2):319-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pepi.2003.04.002
      [4] Condie, K.C., 2018.A Planet in Transition:The Onset of Plate Tectonics on Earth between 3 and 2 Ga?.Geoscience Frontiers, 9(1):51-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2016.09.001
      [5] Condie, K.C., Kröner, A., 2013.The Building Blocks of Continental Crust:Evidence for a Major Change in the Tectonic Setting of Continental Growth at the End of the Archean.Gondwana Research, 23(2):394-402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2011.09.011
      [6] Cong, B.L., Huang, K.N., 1987.Tectonics of the Panxi Region.Chinese Science Bulletin, 17:1320-1324. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=07fc96e33482388a3208de4a1699bf01
      [7] Davis, G.A., Wang, C., Zheng, Y.D., et al., 1998.The Enigmatic Yinshan Fold-and-Thrust Belt of Northern China:New Views on Its Intraplate Contractional Styles.Geology, 26(1):43-46.https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1998)026<0043:teyfat>2.3.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1998)026<0043:teyfat>2.3.co;2
      [8] Dong, Y.P., Zhang, G.W., Neubauer, F., et al., 2011.Tectonic Evolution of the Qinling Orogen, China:Review and Synthesis.Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 41(3):213-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2011.03.002
      [9] Engebretson, D.C., Cox, A., Gordon, R.G., 1984.Relative Motions between Oceanic Plates of the Pacific Basin.Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth), 89(B12):10291-10310. https://doi.org/10.1029/jb089ib12p10291
      [10] Ernst, W.G., 2009.Archean Plate Tectonics, Rise of Proterozoic Supercontinentality and Onset of Regional, Episodic Stagnant-Lid Behavior.Gondwana Research, 15(3-4):243-253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2008.06.010
      [11] Gerya, T., 2014.Precambrian Geodynamics:Concepts and Models.Gondwana Research, 25(2):442-463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2012.11.008
      [12] Griffin, W.L., Belousova, E.A., O'Neill, C., et al., 2014.The World Turns Over:Hadean-Archean Crust-Mantle Evolution.Lithos, 189:2-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2013.08.018
      [13] Guo, Z.W., Deng, K.L., Han, Y.H., et al., 1996.Formation and Evolution of the Sichuan Basin.Geological Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [14] Hacker, B.R., Ratschbacher, L., Webb, L., et al., 2000.Exhumation of Ultrahigh-Pressure Continental Crust in East Central China:Late Triassic-Early Jurassic Tectonic Unroofing.Journal of Geophysical Research (Solid Earth), 105(B6):13339-13364. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000jb900039
      [15] Haines, P.W., Hand, M., Sandiford, M., 2001.Palaeozoic Synorogenic Sedimentation in Central and Northern Australia:A Review of Distribution and Timing with Implications for the Evolution of Intracontinental Orogens.Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(6):911-928. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-0952.2001.00909.x
      [16] Hand, M., Sandiford, M., 1999.Intraplate Deformation in Central Australia, the Link between Subsidence and Fault Reactivation.Tectonophysics, 305(1-3):121-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-1951(99)00009-8
      [17] Hsü, K.J., Li, J.L., Chen, H.H., et al., 1990.Tectonics of South China:Key to Understanding West Pacific Geology.Tectonophysics, 183(1-4):9-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(90)90186-c
      [18] Hsü, K.J., Sun, S., Li, J.L., et al., 1988.Mesozoic Overthrust Tectonics in South China.Geology, 16(5):418-421.https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0418:motisc>2.3.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016<0418:motisc>2.3.co;2
      [19] Isozaki, Y., Aoki, K., Nakama, T., et al., 2010.New Insight into a Subduction-Related Orogen:A Reappraisal of the Geotectonic Framework and Evolution of the Japanese Islands.Gondwana Research, 18(1):82-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2010.02.015
      [20] Kennett, B.L.N., Iaffaldano, G., 2013.Role of Lithosphere in Intra-Continental Deformation:Central Australia.Gondwana Research, 24(3-4):958-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2012.10.010
      [21] Korenaga, J., 2013.Initiation and Evolution of Plate Tectonics on Earth:Theories and Observations.Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 41(1):117-151. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-earth-050212-124208
      [22] Li, Z.X., Li, X.H., 2007.Formation of the 1 300-Km-Wide Intracontinental Orogen and Postorogenic Magmatic Province in Mesozoic South China:A Flat-Slab Subduction Model.Geology, 35(2):179-182. https://doi.org/10.1130/g23193a.1
      [23] Liu, H.F., Liang, H.S., Cai, L.G., et al., 2009a.Structural Styles of the Longmenshan Thrust Belt and Evolution of the Foreland Basin in Western Sichuan Province, China.Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 7(4):351-372. doi: 10.1111/acgs.1994.7.issue-4
      [24] Liu, S., Zhang, G., Ritts, B.D., et al., 2009b.Tracing Exhumation of the Dabie Shan Ultrahigh-Pressure Metamorphic Complex Using the Sedimentary Record in the Hefei Basin, China.Geological Society of America Bulletin, 122(1-2):198-218. https://doi.org/10.1130/b26524.1
      [25] Liu, S.F., 2004.Mesozoic Basin Evolution and Tectonic Mechanism in Yanshan, China.Science in China (Series D:Earth Sciences), 47(14):24-26. https://doi.org/10.1360/04zd0022
      [26] Lourenço, D.L., Rozel, A., Tackley, P.J., 2016.Melting-Induced Crustal Production Helps Plate Tectonics on Earth-Like Planets.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 439:18-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.024
      [27] Luo, Z.L., 1991.Taphrogenesis and Oil-Gas Distribution in China.Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [28] Maruyama, S., Isozaki, Y., Kimura, G., et al., 1997.Paleogeographic Maps of the Japanese Islands:Plate Tectonic Synthesis from 750 Ma to the Present.The Island Arc, 6(1):121-142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1738.1997.tb00043.x
      [29] Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., Zhao, D., 2007.Superplume, Supercontinent, and Post-Perovskite:Mantle Dynamics and Anti-Plate Tectonics on the Core-Mantle Boundary.Gondwana Research, 11(1-2):7-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2006.06.003
      [30] Meng, Q.R., Zhang, G.W., 1999.Timing of Collision of the North and South China Blocks:Controversy and Reconciliation.Geology, 27(2):123-126.https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0123:tocotn>2.3.co;2 doi: 10.1130/0091-7613(1999)027<0123:tocotn>2.3.co;2
      [31] Nance, R.D., Murphy, J.B., 2013.Origins of the Supercontinent Cycle.Geoscience Frontiers, 4(4):439-448. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2012.12.007
      [32] Nimmo, F., McKenzie, D., 1998.Volcanism and Tectonics on Venus.Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 26(1):23-51. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.26.1.23
      [33] Nimmo, F., Tanaka, K., 2005.Early Crustal Evolution of Mars.Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 33(1):133-161. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122637
      [34] O'Neill, C., Jellinek, A.M., Lenardic, A., 2007.Conditions for the Onset of Plate Tectonics on Terrestrial Planets and Moons.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 261(1-2):20-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2007.05.038
      [35] O'Neill, C., Lenardic, A., Jellinek, A.M., et al., 2009.Influence of Supercontinents on Deep Mantle Flow.Gondwana Research, 15(3-4):276-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2008.11.005
      [36] Pollard, D., 2003.New Departure in Structural Geology and Tectonics.https://www.pangea.Stanford.edu/~dpollard/NSF/
      [37] Pysklywec, R.N., Beaumont, C., 2004.Intraplate Tectonics:Feedback between Radioactive Thermal Weakening and Crustal Deformation Driven by Mantle Lithosphere Instabilities.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 221(1-4):275-292.https://doi.org/10.1016/s0012-821x (04)00098-6 doi: 10.1016/s0012-821x(04)00098-6
      [38] Ren, J.S., Chen, T.Y., Niu, B.G., et al., 1990.Tectonic Evolution and Mineralization of East China Lithosphere.Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [39] Roberts, E.A., Houseman, G.A., 2001.Geodynamics of Central Australia during the Intraplate Alice Springs Orogeny:Thin Viscous Sheet Models.Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 184(1):139-164. https://doi.org/10.1144/gsl.sp.2001.184.01.08
      [40] Roberts, N.M.W., 2013.The Boring Billion?-Lid Tectonics, Continental Growth and Environmental Change Associated with the Columbia Supercontinent.Geoscience Frontiers, 4(6):681-691. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2013.05.004
      [41] Romeo, I., Turcotte, D.L., 2010.Resurfacing on Venus.Planetary and Space Science, 58(10):1374-1380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2010.05.022
      [42] Sandiford, M., Hand, M., 1998.Controls on the Locus of Intraplate Deformation in Central Australia.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 162(1-4):97-110.https://doi.org/10.1016/s0012-821x (98)00159-9 doi: 10.1016/s0012-821x(98)00159-9
      [43] Shu, L.S., 2012.An Analysis of Principal Features of Tectonic Evolution in South China Block.Geological Bulletin of China, 31(7):1035-1053(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgqydz201207003
      [44] Song, H.L., 1999.Characteristics of Yanshan Type Intraplate Orogenic Belts and a Discussion on Its Dynamics.Earth Science Frontiers, 6(4):309-316(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dxqy199904013
      [45] Veevers, J.J., 2000.Billion-Year Earth History of Australia and Neighbours in Gondwanaland.Geoscience Canada, 27(4):191-192.
      [46] Wang, X.X., Wang, T., Zhang, C.L., 2013a.Neoproterozoic, Paleozoic, and Mesozoic Granitoid Magmatism in the Qinling Orogen, China:Constraints on Orogenic Process.Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 72:129-151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.11.037
      [47] Wang, Y.J., Fan, W.M., Zhang, G.W., et al., 2013b.Phanerozoic Tectonics of the South China Block:Key Observations and Controversies.Gondwana Research, 23(4):1273-1305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2012.02.019
      [48] Zhang, C.H., Wu, G.G., Xu, D.B., et al., 2004.Mesozoic Tectonic Framework and Evolution in the Central Segment of the Intraplate Yanshan Orogenic Belt.Geological Bulletin of China, 23(9-10):864-872. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=zgqydz200409007
      [49] Zhang, C.L., Wang, T., Wang, X.X., 2008.Origin and Tectonic Setting of the Early Mesozoic Granitoids in Qinling Orogenic Belt.Geological Journal of China Universities, 14(3):304-316(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=gxdzxb200803003
      [50] Zhang, G.W., Guo, A.L., Dong, Y.P., et al., 2011.Continental Geology, Tectonics and Dynamics.Earth Science Frontiers, 18(3):1-12(in Chinese with English abstract). http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgdizhi200602001
      [51] Zhang, G.W., Guo, A.L., Wang, Y.J., et al., 2013.Tectonics of South China Continent and Its Implications.Science China Earth Sciences, 56(11):1804-1828. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-013-4679-1
      [52] Zhang, G.W., Guo, A.L., Yao, A.P., 2006.Thoughts on Studies of China Continental Geology and Tectonics.Progress in Natural Science, 16(10):1210-1215(in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTotal-ZKJY200610002.htm
      [53] Zhang, G.W., Li, X.W., Meng, Q.R., 1995.Qinling Orogen and Intercontinental Orogenic Mechanism.Episodes, 18:36-39.
      [54] Zhang, G.W., Yu, Z.P., Sun, Y., et al., 1989.The Major Suture Zone of the Qinling Orogenic Belt.Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 3(1-4):63-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/0743-9547(89)90010-x
      [55] Zhang, G.W., Zhang, B.R., Yuan, X.C., et al., 2001.Qinling Orogenic Belt and Continental Dynamics.Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [56] Zhao, Y., 1990.The Mesozoic Orogenies and Tectonic Evolution of the Yanshan Area.Geological Review, 36(1):1-13(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dzlp199001001
      [57] Zhao, Y., Xu, G., Zhang, S.H., et al., 2004.Yanshanian Movement and Conversion of Tectonic Regimes in East Asia.Earth Science Frontiers, 11(3):319-328(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dxqy200403030
      [58] Zheng, Y.D., Davis, G.A., Wang, C., et al., 2000.Major Mesozoic Tectonic Events in the Yanshan Belt and the Plate Tectonic Setting.Acta Geologica Sinica, 74(4):289-302(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dizhixb200004001
      [59] Zhong, D.L., 1998.Paleotethyan Orogenic Belt in Western Yunnan and Sichuan.Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
      [60] Zhu, D.C., Pan, G.T., Mo, X.X., et al., 2005.Geochemistry and Petrogenesis of the Sangxiu Formation Basalts in the Central Segment of Tethyan Himalaya.Geochimica, 34(1):7-19(in Chinese with English abstract). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=dqhx200501002
      [61] Zorin, Y.A., 1999.Geodynamics of the Western Part of the Mongolia-Okhotsk Collisional Belt, Trans-Baikal Region (Russia) and Mongolia.Tectonophysics, 306(1):33-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-1951(99)00042-6
      [62] 陈旭, 戎嘉余, Rowley, D.B., 等, 1995.对华南早古生代板溪洋的质疑.地质论评, 41(5):389-400. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0371-5736.1995.05.001
      [63] 郭正吾, 邓康龄, 韩永辉, 等, 1996.四川盆地形成与演化.北京:地质出版社.
      [64] 罗志立, 1991.地裂运动与中国油气分布.北京:石油工业出版社.
      [65] 任纪舜, 陈廷愚, 牛宝贵, 等, 1990.中国东部大陆岩石圈的构造演化与成矿.北京:科学出版社.
      [66] 舒良树, 2012.华南构造演化的基本特征.地质通报, 31(7):1035-1053. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2012.07.003
      [67] 宋鸿林, 1999.燕山式板内造山带基本特征与动力学探讨.地学前缘, 6(4):309-316. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.1999.04.013
      [68] 张成立, 王涛, 王晓霞, 2008.秦岭造山带早中生代花岗岩成因及其构造环境.高校地质学报, 14(3):304-316. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-7493.2008.03.003
      [69] 张国伟, 郭安林, 董云鹏, 等, 2011.大陆地质与大陆构造和大陆动力学.地学前缘, 18(3):1-12. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dxqy201103001
      [70] 张国伟, 郭安林, 姚安平, 等, 2006.关于中国大陆地质与大陆构造基础研究的思考.自然科学进展, 16(10):1210-1215. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1002-008X.2006.10.002
      [71] 张国伟, 张本仁, 袁学诚, 等, 2001.秦岭造山带与大陆动力学.北京:科学出版社.
      [72] 赵越, 1990.燕山地区中生代造山运动及构造演化.地质论评, 36(1):1-13. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0371-5736.1990.01.001
      [73] 赵越, 徐刚, 张拴宏, 等, 2004.燕山运动与东亚构造体制的转变.地学前缘, 11(3):319-328. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2004.03.030
      [74] 郑亚东, Davis, G.A., 王琮, 等, 2000.燕山带中生代主要构造事件与板块构造背景问题.地质学报, 74(4):289-302. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:0001-5717.2000.04.001
      [75] 钟大赉, 1998.滇川西部古特提斯造山带.北京:科学出版社.
      [76] 朱弟成, 潘桂棠, 莫宣学, 等, 2005.特提斯喜马拉雅带中段桑秀组玄武岩的地球化学和岩石成因.地球化学, 34(1):7-19. http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/dqhx200501002
    • 加载中
    图(5)
    计量
    • 文章访问数:  6097
    • HTML全文浏览量:  2046
    • PDF下载量:  763
    • 被引次数: 0
    出版历程
    • 收稿日期:  2019-01-06
    • 刊出日期:  2019-05-15

    目录

      /

      返回文章
      返回