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    下扬子地区早古生代晚期前陆盆地沉积特征与盆山过程

    杨树锋 陈汉林 龚根辉 张耀 孟立丰

    杨树锋, 陈汉林, 龚根辉, 张耀, 孟立丰, 2019. 下扬子地区早古生代晚期前陆盆地沉积特征与盆山过程. 地球科学, 44(5): 1494-1510. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.973
    引用本文: 杨树锋, 陈汉林, 龚根辉, 张耀, 孟立丰, 2019. 下扬子地区早古生代晚期前陆盆地沉积特征与盆山过程. 地球科学, 44(5): 1494-1510. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.973
    Yang Shufeng, Chen Hanlin, Gong Genhui, Zhang Yao, Meng Lifeng, 2019. Sedimentary Characteristics and Basin-Orogen Processes of the Late Early Paleozoic Foreland Basins in the Lower Yangtze Region. Earth Science, 44(5): 1494-1510. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.973
    Citation: Yang Shufeng, Chen Hanlin, Gong Genhui, Zhang Yao, Meng Lifeng, 2019. Sedimentary Characteristics and Basin-Orogen Processes of the Late Early Paleozoic Foreland Basins in the Lower Yangtze Region. Earth Science, 44(5): 1494-1510. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.973

    下扬子地区早古生代晚期前陆盆地沉积特征与盆山过程

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.973
    基金项目: 

    国家科技重大专项 2017ZX05008001

    国家科技重大专项 2016ZX05003001

    国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFC0601004

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      杨树锋(1947-), 男, 博士, 教授, 中国科学院院士, 构造地质学专业, 主要从事大地构造研究.

      通讯作者:

      陈汉林

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Sedimentary Characteristics and Basin-Orogen Processes of the Late Early Paleozoic Foreland Basins in the Lower Yangtze Region

    • 摘要: 下扬子地区从晚奥陶世开始沉积特征发生了明显转变,从浅海相转变为三角洲相沉积.这一沉积特征转变与早古生代晚期经历的强烈造山事件密切相关.通过下扬子地区晚奥陶世到志留纪沉积序列的沉积学和碎屑锆石年代学研究,揭示沉积盆地的性质及其时空演化过程,探讨沉积盆地发育与造山带隆升剥蚀之间的关系.下扬子地区早古生代晚期沉积学特征从东南向西北岩性由岩屑砂岩变为石英砂岩,粒度由粗粒变为细粒;沉积厚度等值线具有明显的不对称性,靠近东南等值线密,且沉积厚度大;往西北等值线稀疏,且沉积厚度小;沉积中心呈狭长带状分布,并从东南向西北方向迁移;具有前陆盆地的沉积特征.上奥陶统到中志留统的碎屑锆石以900~720 Ma的年龄为主,指示物源以下伏新元古代晚期裂谷层序为主;从早志留世高家边组开始,450~420 Ma碎屑锆石年龄出现并逐渐增多,表明同造山岩浆岩被剥露地表并开始提供物源;碎屑锆石中没有出现明显的代表华夏地块基底1.9~1.7 Ga的特征年龄峰值,表明华夏地块不是下扬子地区早古生代晚期前陆盆地的主要物源区.下扬子地区前陆盆地从晚奥陶世开始沉降,晚奥陶世的构造沉降速率超过了沉积物的供给速率,前渊沉积了巨厚的浅海相泥岩夹粉砂岩和砂岩;晚奥陶世末造山带持续隆升并向西北方向扩展,沉积速率加快,沉积物粒度明显变粗,沉积相也由浅海相转变成三角洲前缘相;早志留世开始埋深较大的同造山岩浆岩开始遭受剥蚀,导致前陆盆地中450~420 Ma的碎屑锆石含量明显增加.

       

    • 图  1  研究区区域地层分布与实测沉积剖面

      ①临安剖面;②黄山剖面;③巢湖剖面

      Fig.  1.  Stratigraphic distribution and measured sections in the study area

      图  2  早古生代晚期盆地沉积厚度图

      各图幅范围与图 1一致;①建德;②桐庐;③临安堰口;④黄山;⑤贵池;⑥巢湖

      Fig.  2.  The thickness maps of the sedimentary basin in the late Early Paleozoic

      图  3  上奥陶统柱状对比图

      剖面位置见图 2a, 2b

      Fig.  3.  Stratigraphic comparison of the Upper Ordovician strata

      图  4  高家边组柱状对比图

      剖面位置见图 2c

      Fig.  4.  Stratigraphic comparison of the Gaojiabian Formation

      图  5  坟头组柱状对比图

      剖面位置见图 2d

      Fig.  5.  Stratigraphic comparison of the Fentou Formation

      图  6  唐家坞组柱状对比图

      剖面位置见图 2e

      Fig.  6.  Stratigraphic comparison of the Tangjiawu Formation

      图  7  碎屑锆石样品采样点

      Pz2.上古生界;Mz-Cz.中新生界;γ5.燕山期花岗岩;S2t.唐家坞组;S2f.坟头组;S1d.大白地组;S1a.高家边组;O3w.文昌组;O3c.长坞组

      Fig.  7.  Locations of detrital zircon samples

      图  8  样品的碎屑锆石阴极发光图

      Fig.  8.  Cathodoluminescence images of the detrital zircon grains

      图  9  长坞组碎屑锆石年龄谐和图(a)和频谱图(b)

      Fig.  9.  Concordia diagram (a) and spectrogram (b) of the detrital zircons in the Changwu Formation

      图  10  文昌组碎屑锆石年龄谐和图(a)和频谱图(b)

      Fig.  10.  Concordia diagram (a) and spectrogram (b) of the detrital zircons in the Wenchang Formation

      图  11  大白地组碎屑锆石年龄谐和图(a)和频谱图(b)

      Fig.  11.  Concordia diagram (a) and spectrogram (b) of the detrital zircons in the Dabaidi Formation

      图  12  唐家坞组碎屑锆石年龄谐和图(a)和频谱图(b)

      Fig.  12.  Concordia diagram (a) and spectrogram (b) of the detrital zircons in the Tangjiawu Formation

      图  13  研究区上奥陶统-志留系碎屑锆石年谱对比

      a.塘家坞组;b.康山组;c.大白地组;d.安吉组;e.文昌组;f.长坞组

      Fig.  13.  Comparison of the detrital zircon ages from the Upper Ordovician to the Silurian in the study area

      图  14  下扬子地区晚奥陶世-中志留世盆山过程模式

      Fig.  14.  Sketch map of the mountain-basin evolution from the Late Ordovician to the Middle Silurian in the lower Yangtze area

      表  1  研究区上奥陶统-志留系划分与对比

      Table  1.   Stratigraphic division and comparison from the Upper Ordovician to the Silurian in the study area

      地层分区 下扬子地层分区 江南地层分区
      出露范围 巢湖-东至 皖南 浙西北
      中志留统 茅山组 举坑组 唐家坞组
      坟头组 畈村组 康山组
      下志留统 高家边组 河沥溪组 大白地组
      霞乡组 安吉组
      上奥陶统 五峰组 新岭组 张村坞组 文昌组
      于潜组 长坞组
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  碎屑锆石样品采样信息

      Table  2.   Information of detrital zircon samples

      样品 采样地点 采样坐标 岩性 采样层位
      13TL-1 桐庐桐君山 29° 43' 30.5" N,119° 36' 59" E 粉-细砂岩 长坞组
      13TL-2 桐庐桐君山 29° 48' 59.3" N,119° 40' 25.7" E 岩屑石英砂岩 文昌组
      13TL-4 桐庐桐君山 29° 49' 0.6" N,119° 40' 13" E 岩屑石英砂岩 人白地组
      13TL-6 桐庐桐君山 29° 49' 25.1" N,119° 39' 40.3" E 岩屑石英砂岩 唐家坞组
      下载: 导出CSV
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