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    增生型造山带结构解析与时空制约

    肖文交 李继亮 宋东方 韩春明 万博 张继恩 敖松坚 张志勇

    肖文交, 李继亮, 宋东方, 韩春明, 万博, 张继恩, 敖松坚, 张志勇, 2019. 增生型造山带结构解析与时空制约. 地球科学, 44(5): 1661-1687. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.979
    引用本文: 肖文交, 李继亮, 宋东方, 韩春明, 万博, 张继恩, 敖松坚, 张志勇, 2019. 增生型造山带结构解析与时空制约. 地球科学, 44(5): 1661-1687. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.979
    Xiao Wenjiao, Li Jiliang, Song Dongfang, Han Chunming, Wan Bo, Zhang Ji'en, Ao Songjian, Zhang Zhiyong, 2019. Structural Analyses and Spatio-Temporal Constraints of Accretionary Orogens. Earth Science, 44(5): 1661-1687. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.979
    Citation: Xiao Wenjiao, Li Jiliang, Song Dongfang, Han Chunming, Wan Bo, Zhang Ji'en, Ao Songjian, Zhang Zhiyong, 2019. Structural Analyses and Spatio-Temporal Constraints of Accretionary Orogens. Earth Science, 44(5): 1661-1687. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.979

    增生型造山带结构解析与时空制约

    doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2019.979
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金项目 41730210

    国家重点研发计划项目 2017YFC0601201

    国家自然科学基金项目 41888101

    详细信息
      作者简介:

      肖文交(1967-), 男, 研究员, 博士生导师, 沉积大地构造学专业

    • 中图分类号: P54

    Structural Analyses and Spatio-Temporal Constraints of Accretionary Orogens

    • 摘要: 增生型造山带记录复杂的板块汇聚过程,增生造山作用演化历史漫长,发育多期次造山作用.就增生型造山带的特征与复杂性进行简要总结与评述,并讨论增生造山作用时空分析思路.增生造山作用是多种性质(汇聚、转换和离散)的板块边缘,沿一个核心大陆边缘最终发生复杂相互作用动力学过程的总和.弧前发育增生杂岩和各种混杂岩或者构造岩片,上叠有以弧前盆地为代表的各类沉积盆地,共同制约增生过程的时空演化特征.增生型造山带多发育多岛海复杂古地理格局,增生造山作用具有多组分、多岛海、多盆地类型、多种性质的岩浆活动、宽阔的增生杂岩、多俯冲极性、多地体拼贴、长期演化与面状增生等特性.以古地磁、古地理、古生物与古气候等资料为基本依据,划分一级大地构造单元界线.以构造地质解析和关键地区详细的地质填图,结合物质成分和年代学分析,进行二级大地构造单元及其相互关系的详细解剖.卷入增生造山事件中最年轻的地质体或者组分,提供了该期增生事件时限的下限;卷入增生造山事件中最年轻的角度不整合,以及最年轻的高压-低温变质事件,可能提供了最晚增生事件时限的下限;而未卷入增生造山事件中最老的区域性角度不整合,则可能提供了最晚增生事件时限的上限.

       

    • 图  1  核心大陆通过增生造山带与小陆块拼贴而发生显著增生示意

      修改自Şengör and Natal'in(1996)

      Fig.  1.  Schematic diagram of growing processes by means of accretionary orogenesis

      图  2  基于活动大陆边缘增生造山作用简图

      Fig.  2.  Accretionary orogenesis along an active margin

      图  3  日本岛弧增生楔的基本组成与构造

      修改自Huene et al.(1980, 1994); Sacks et al.(2000); Taira(2001); Suyehiro et al.(2003); Niitsuma(2004)

      Fig.  3.  Structure and basins of the accretionary complex of the Japan Islands

      图  4  混杂岩基本组成端元

      修改自Raymond(1984)

      Fig.  4.  End-member of mélanges

      图  5  洋中脊随迁移的三联点与活动大陆边缘发生复杂相互作用示意

      修改自Thorkelson(1996); Bradley et al.(2003); Sisson et al.(2003)

      Fig.  5.  A schematic diagram showing complex interaction between an oceanic ridge along with a migrating triple junction and an active continental margin

      图  6  基于大洋中脊俯冲的板块移动及其大地构造过程

      修改自Kusky et al.(1997); Bradley et al.(2003)

      Fig.  6.  Interactions between different plates during ridge subduction

      图  7  基于所处构造应力状态的弧前盆地分类

      修改自Horton(2018)

      Fig.  7.  The classification of forearc basins based on the mode of deformation they subjected

      图  8  澳大利亚东部西南太平洋多岛海增生造山系统

      修改自Schellart et al.(2006); Xiao et al.(2018)

      Fig.  8.  The southwestern Pacific archipelagic accretionary system to the east of Australia

      图  9  增生型造山带时空解析思路示意

      Fig.  9.  A sketch diagram illustrating the tectonic analytic methods of an accretionary orogen

      表  1  增生造山作用开始时限的识别标志

      Table  1.   Discrimination criteria of the start of accretionary orogenesis

      上限或准同时
      1.大洋岩石圈消减过程中形成的最老的高压变质年龄
      2.大洋岩石圈消减过程中形成的最老的高温变质年龄
      3.岩浆弧活动时期最老的火山岩的年龄或地层时代
      4.岩浆弧活动时期最老的花岗岩的生成年龄
      5.增生弧中弧火山岩和花岗岩的最老年龄
      6.与弧相关盆地中大洋岩石圈岩石的最老年龄
      7.大型剪切带中最老的新生矿物的年龄
      8.卷入增生造山作用最老角度不整合面
      下载: 导出CSV

      表  2  增生造山作用结束时限的识别标志

      Table  2.   Discrimination criteria of the end of accretionary orogenesis

      下限 上限
      1.混杂带中大洋岩石圈火成岩块的最小年龄 1.未卷入增生造山作用最老的角度不整合面
      2.混杂带中深海沉积物的最年轻的生物时代 2.褶皱冲断带中最晚的沉积物时代
      3.混杂带中最年轻的岩块年龄
      4.混杂带中基质最小时代
      5.大洋岩石圈消减过程中形成的最小的高压变质年龄
      6.大洋岩石圈消减过程中形成的最小的高温变质年龄
      7.岩浆弧活动时期最晚的火山岩的年龄或地层时代
      8.岩浆弧活动时期最晚的花岗岩的生成年龄
      9.增生弧中弧火山岩和花岗岩的最小年龄
      10.与弧相关盆地中大洋岩石圈岩石的最小年龄
      11.大型剪切带中最年轻的新生矿物的年龄
      12.卷入增生造山作用最年轻角度不整合面
      下载: 导出CSV
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